Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Haplogroups of the Tribes of Israel: What Tribe do You belong to?

The following haplogroups of the Tribes of Israel do not mean that they are the only haplogroups for that tribe but that the haplogroups mentioned do belong to that Tribe in the direct male line. The Tribes of Israel belong to the overarching haplogroup called NOP. All those with haplogroups descended from NOP are male lineal ydna descendants of Jacob the Patriarch of Israel. Jacob's male descendants by the full-sisters Rachel and Leah belong to R and Q. The Israelite clans descended from Jacob's six sons by Leah are all found mainly under the R1b haplotype (descended from P), the clans of the two sons of Joseph (a son of Jacob's wife Rachel) Ephraim and Manasseh belong to R1a, those of Q belong to the clans of tribe of Benjamin. NO is the group belonging to Jacob's four sons Dan, Naphtali, Gad and Asher by his two concubines who according to tradition were half sisters of Rachel and Leah by their father Laban's Asiatic concubine. 

The so-called R1b Ht-15 belongs the Israelites from the Lost Tribes of the Assyrian Exile (called in Jewish tradition the exile of Zarephath). The so-called R1b ht-35 are the descendants of the Judeans of the Babylonian Exile (called in Jewish tradition as the exile of Sephard) mainly belonging to the Tribes of Judah, Levi and some of Benjamin. Q Benjaminites are mainly those Benjaminites descended from the Benjaminite Kingdom in Siberia.(see Hebrew y-dna: A New Understanding)

1. Reuben: R1b U152 and may also be found among branches of R1b P312.

2. Simeon: R1b DF27 and may also be found among branches of R1b P312.

3. Levi: Levite clans are found among both R1b Ht-15 and R1b Ht-35 as well as R1b-V88. 

4. Judah: Clans of Judah are to be found among R1b Ht-15 and R1b Ht-35 including R1b L21 (Davidic House of Nathan).

5. Dan: Clans of Dan are to be found among N, N* and P*.

6. Naphtali: the clans of Naphtali are of N ydna.

7. Gad: the clans of Gad belong to O1 and O3.

8. Asher: the clans of Asher belong to O2 ydna.

9. Issachar: R1b DF19 and may also be found among branches of R1b P312.

10. Zebulon: R1b U106 and may also be found among branches of R1b P312.

11. Ephraim: R1a Z283 and other branches of R1 and R1a .

12. Benjamin: the clans of Benjamin are Q ydna and also found among R1b.

13. Manasseh: the clans of Manasseh are R1a Z93 and among other branches of R1 and R1a.

Friday, June 26, 2015

The Ephraimite Parthians and R1a y-dna Slavs

Today I came across an article about the Parthians being descendants of the Israelite Tribe of Ephraim by Steve Collins. This confirms my own studies using dna evidence and history to discover the descendants of the Tribes of Israel. In others articles, I have written that the secret capital city of the Parthian Empire was Parthia for which the Empire took its name. The Parthians were descended from the Royal House of the Perso-Median Empire from the Erani (Aryan) clan of Ephraim of R1a y-dna. The Parthian language was a variant of Aramaic spoken by the Northern Kingdom of Israel.

The R1a descendants of Ephraim and some of Eastern Manasseh (R1a Z93 y-dna) with the fall of the Assyrian Empire made their way into the far south to the Third India (Australia). The Warrior horsemen of Manesseh had gone with the last Israelite King of Samaria with some of the Tribes of Western Gad (O M122 y-dna) and Asher (O2 ydna) into the Western Region of China while the bulk of Eastern Manasseh (R1a Z93 y-dna) went with Reuben (R1b U152 y-dna) and Eastern Gad (O M119 y-dna)  into the southern continent across the straits of Sabbaton (Sabah) into Northern and Central Australia on the edge of the shallow Inland Sea (Yam Rhodud). 

In fact Manasseh settled in the lands that border south east Asia and Australia known as Mani, Mancy or Manxi. The Ephraimites established their secret capital city of Parthia (Barthia/ Barburi/ Beredi) at Ophir at the ancient mouth of the ancient Eridanus or Cygnus (Swan) River at the Great Canyon (Perth or Swan Canyon) which is now under the Indian Ocean west of modern day Perth in Western Australia. From here they established a huge Parthian Empire stretching back into Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran to the north as well as the now sunken lands of the southern Indian Ocean and were to challenge the might of the Roman Empire. Ophir before 600 BC had been a city of the Israelite-Egyptian-Phoenician colony in ancient Western Australia. The Parthian Empire was established by an Ophiri or Parthian Prince Arsaces (Ashkan) around 250 BC. 

Eventually the bulk of the Ephraimite Parthians moved to Afghanistan/ Western Pakistan (Paradan, Parata or Indo-Parthian Kingdom) after their defeat by the Romans in 117 AD and then into northern Europe as the Wends or Vanir (Vononi/ Voni) around the 4th century AD and were the forefathers of the later Slavic peoples belonging to R1a y-dna. The name Voni came from the Royal House of Vonones. Bagareva or Barburraja the founder of the Parata (Paradan) Kingdom was a grandson of King Vonones II of Parthia.They were known as the Slovene or Slo-voni (people of Voni or Vonones) from which the name Slav is derived.

Today the Ephraimite Great Nation and Commonwealth or Company of nations are Russia and the other Slavic nations and peoples belonging to R1a Z283 y-dna. The British and Irish peoples are not Ephraim as once proposed by British Israelite writers but they are mainly the Royal Isles of the Davidic House of Nathan (R1b L21) who once lived south of Parthia (later called Berabia by the Romans) in Western Australia in the land of Kedar (south -west Western Australia and the Naturaliste Plateau) with its great sea port of Yafa or Joppa (meaning beautiful in Hebrew). By the time of the Parthian Empire the Gaelic population of Kedar (R1b L21) had mostly moved out of Kedar which then was under Parthian rule. 

Isaiah 11:13 speaks of the traditional envy of Ephraim (the Slavic peoples) with the Jews which will one day in the future be healed and then Ephraim (Russia) and Judah (the Jews) will ally against their enemies in the Middle East. However before this Russia and the Slavic nations will need to be purified of the militaristic anti-Semitic Assyrian influences and embrace the agenda of the coming Great Catholic Monarch who will most likely be a Davidic descendant of the Czars of Russia as well as the French, Spanish, Danish, Greek, German and British Kings. The old Irish prophecies speak of this Monarch as Ruadh (Red haired) and a son of the King of Saxon. The King of Saxon is referring to a future English King. 

These prophecies of a future Great Monarch or Emperor coming from Britain to rule Europe and the World were associated with the names of Charles and Henry were popular in 16th and 17th century Scotland, France, Spain and England which led to their use by the Stuart Royal Family. This Monarch would not be French but descended from the French Kings such as Charlemagne and St Louis IX as well as from an old Germanic family (the Oldenburgs). James I named his eldest son Henry (future Prince of Wales) and his second son Charles (the future Charles I). Charles I also named two sons Charles (the future Charles II) and Henry. James III the Stuart King in Exile also named two sons Charles (of Bonnie Prince Charlie fame) and Henry (the future Cardinal York). Many held great hopes in the 17th century for Bonnie Prince Charlie or his brother Prince Henry Duke of York who were British Princes and also descended from the French Kings through their mother Queen Henrietta Maria a former French Princess and their grandmother Queen Anne a former Danish Princess descended from the House of Oldenburg. However this was not the prophesied time. This Monarch would also be associated with Ephraim (Russia and the Slavic nations) and with Greece as a new Constantine the Great. Like Constantine the Great he would be born in Britain.

see Hebrew y-dna: A New Understanding

Sunday, June 14, 2015

Rumpelstiltskin and Louis XVII

 Prince William of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim

Most of us are familiar with the childhood fairytale of Rumpelstiltskin about the beautiful miller's daughter with blonde hair whose father boasted that she was so talented that she could turn straw into gold. The King hears of this and threatens to cut off her head if she doesn't do so. Rumpelstiltskin then promises to help if she will give him her first born son. The Grimms Brothers collected four versions of this story in the German principality of Hesse which they published in 1812. However was this story hiding the secret identity of the lost King Louis XVII who was rumoured to have escaped from the prison around 1794?
Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim the original Rumpelstiltskin

Did the royal House of Oldenburg and their close relatives in the House of Hesse and the British Royal family organise the rescue of the real Louis XVII? Was Baron Gerning a close associate with the House of Hesse responsible for the rescue and replacing Louis with another boy? We know that Baron Gerning was in France in 1792 and witnessed the execution of King Louis XVI. Did the switch happen then or latter in 1794? 
King Louis XVII

Rumpelstiltskin refers cryptically to the House of Hesse-Kassel -Rumpenstein and the beautiful blonde with Queen Marie Antoinette and her son with Louis XVII. Many in recent years believe that the heart tested as that of Louis was not his heart but of his brother Dauphin Louis -Joseph who died as a boy in 1789 (whose heart wasn't embalmed due to the outbreak of the Revolution). Catholic mystics have always stated that Louis did escape and that the future Great Monarch of Catholic prophecy would be his descendant. Did Baron Gerning give Louis into the care of the House of Hesse who placed him in the care of Prince Frederick III of Hesse Kassel-Rumpenheim (Rumpelstiltskin) who was a Danish General whose wife was an English Princess?  Or did Prince Frederick himself participate in the rescue with Baron Gerning? Did he replace their oldest son William (who may have died at this time) with Louis and did he become Prince William of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim? 

Queen Louise of Denmark possible granddaughter of Queen Marie Antoinette of France

This Prince was the father of the future Queen Louise of Denmark the wife of King Christian IX and an ancestor of Prince Phillip the Duke of Edinburgh. His wife was the Oldenburg Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark. Was his only son Prince Frederick William (b.1820 d.1884) the true heir to the Bourbon throne of France? In 1851 Prince Frederick William abdicated his rights to the Danish throne to his sister Louise who was to become the Queen of Christian IX. Was this renunciation partially due to the knowledge that he was not truly an Oldenburg or Hesse but a Bourbon in the male line?

Prince Frederick William of Hesse-Kassel-Rumpenheim the Elector of Hesse

Wednesday, June 10, 2015

Story Telling or Story Testing: Evolutionary Genetics

Today I was listening to a talk by a leading evolutionary biologist who was criticising those who were misusing genetics by creating stories of history and movements of peoples based on a faulty understanding of the genetic evidence that have no basis in recorded accounts and archeology etc. He commented that Story Telling needs to be Story Tested by science. While agreeing with him on many points- I couldn't help being amused that he did not follow his own advice as he interprets genetics within the greatest fanciful story of our time, Darwinian Evolution.

Applying the evolutionary paradigm on genetics has totally distorted the evidence and led to many of these ridiculous theories. The imagined and unscientific evolutionary understanding of mutation rates is at odds with the mutation rates based on the germ line actually observed in families. The whole evolutionary myth of ice age refuges found in genetic literature until recently led to many of these stories. For example, some scientists told us that the Gaelic population came from Spain 10,000 or more years ago even though historians and archeologists of the recent past spoke of the Milesian Irish (Gaels) coming to Ireland about 300-200 BC. We were confidently told by a leading authority in a major documentary that we were all descended from the pygmy people of South Africa until that was discarded with further research.

Unfortunately the much of the field of academia today interprets the evidence within this false paradigm of evolution which is a philosophy rather than a science. Those of us that believe that human, animal and plant life are no more than 10,000 years old are marginalised in the totalitarian world of peer-reviewed academia  even though there are scientists in all fields who reject the evolutionary hypothesis. For example, I have a good friend who is a geophysicist who does not accept the evolutionary theory anymore.

However genetics can be very useful when one discards the exaggerated dates imposed by the evolutionary paradigm. One can then test their theories based on archeology, historical accounts, legends, myths, genealogies, geology, the Scriptures etc with the genetic dna data and adjust their stories accordingly. 

For many years based on my research I claimed that King Niall of the Nine Hostages was a descendant of St Joseph of Arimathea before the advent of ydna testing. When it was proposed that Niall was the origin of M222+ ydna I believed that the Davidic ydna of the House of Nathan to which Joseph of Arimathea belonged was R1b L21+ (which is ancestral to M222+). Most recent studies have demonstrated that the origin of M222+ is more likely around 2000 years ago in Southern England (around Devon). I then adjusted my understanding as it would seem that this even more strongly demonstrates my genealogical research and I realised that St Joseph of Arimathea or his son or grandson were the originators of the mutation M222+. British tradition tells us that St Joseph of Arimathea and his descendants were at Glastonbury in southern England and in the areas of Cornwall, Devon and Somerset.

Based on the writings of Velikovsky I believed that Akhnaten and his family were descended from King David and Solomon of Israel and that they had R1b1a2 ydna. Then came the news that Akhnaten and his family indeed had R1b1a2 ydna. Many people still question this but those who had through prior research demonstrated the Davidic connections with the dynasty of Akhnaten, based on a realignment of the Egyptian dynasties first proposed by Velikovsky, were not surprised by these results.

To evaluate events based on the evolutionary criteria is not story testing but more circular storytelling. Evolutionists will often criticise fundamentalist creationists for using the Bible in a literal manner as their paradigm for interpreting the data while doing the same thing themselves with the Darwinian paradigm. As a Catholic I do not have to accept either the literalistic creationist paradigm or the Darwinian evolutionary paradigm, though I may do so if this is what most convinces me fits the data. I certainly do not think Genesis 1 is meant to be read as a science text but I am also open to the idea that while its primary purpose isn't of a scientific nature it may give us insights into cosmology and science. 

While I incline to the view that the earth and our solar system is less than 10,000 years old, I am open to the opinion that the 'Heavens' are a lot older than that. But I might be wrong and so might we all. Just as many scientists look at the science of 100 years ago to have been very primitive so the scientists in a further 100 years may look back to our time as very naive and primitive. The evolutionary biologist, I first mentioned, spoke about the importance of further testing of ancient dna in our understandings of the movements of people. I would heartily agree with him. The testing of ancient dna in Europe has demonstrated so far that R1b did not enter Europe until at least the European Bronze Age, thus correcting many previous theories about R1b. Further studies also revealed that R1b was not a Western European phenomenon but that R1b is to be found throughout the Middle East and as far as Western China and Nepal as well as South Asia and Africa. 

However we must also be careful of accepting the terms Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age. They may be different periods of time in different parts of the world. They are not necessarily in chronological sequence as all three may exist at the same time as they are a technological level rather than a time piece. For example, Iron Age Europeans lived along side Stone Age Aboriginals in Australia. Also a settlement may be classified as Stone Age because that is all that has survived as the bronze and iron objects may have corroded away into nothing. The so-called Bronze Age peoples may have had Iron but due to the large period of time or differing climatic conditions or flooding all the iron objects have rusted away.

Anyone who has read my blog would know that I obviously love story telling and would encourage others to be creative in their story telling. However we should not be dogmatic about our story tellings so that we remain open to new information. Our stories should be rooted in solid research in a holistic manner while recognising the importance of other stories which could also fit the data of our research. 

The evolutionary biologist, mentioned previously, warns against assuming that because a certain dna type is found in one area today, that this area is its origin. Many assumed and still some believe that R1b originates in Western Europe because it has its highest density in that area today. However R1b is also found in the Middle East and other places. In order to find out its origin we need to study the deeper clades of R1b and the history, legends, myths and archeology of that culture. In fact due to mass migrations the original homeland of a haplogroup may today have little or no dna of that type. This is where the testing of ancient dna is crucial.

see Y-dna Clans

see Recent C-14 Dating of Fossils including Dinosaur Bone Collagen.

DNA Evidence Debunks the “Out-of-Africa” Theory of Human Evolution

Violent Volcanic Blasts Ripped Through Antarctic Ice Sheet Twice

Under-Ice Volcano Eruption Spewed Ash Over Antarctica


Sunday, May 24, 2015

The Frank Rabbi of Athlone and his Daughter Anne

Edward (Frank) Ennis' dark auburn haired daughter Anne Ennis (Chana Anes)

In 1760 over 60,000 religious Jews converted en masse to the Catholic Faith under the influence of their Tzadik or Moranu Jacob Leib Frank. After Jacob Frank's arrest and imprisonment later in 1760 many of his relatives and followers moved to other countries and a large group moved into the British Isles and Ireland. They took Anglicised or Irishified names and blended with the local communities. They often connected with older crypto-Jewish families and introduced them to the Frankist teachings. Outwardly they observed Catholicism or Anglicanism with their neighbours while meeting in secret and keeping in secret many aspects of their mystical Jewish traditions.

The first generations of Frankists were encouraged to become farmers, soldiers, priests and religious nuns or monks. Those who married were encouraged to marry other Frankists or crypto Jews if possible. Some of the men were trained in secret as crypto-Jewish or Frankist Rabbis. Some of these men were sent as teenagers to Amsterdam and others places where they rejoined the Jewish community in order to study as a Rabbi and then to return to their communities to marry and continue their crypto-Jewish ministry. These crypto Rabbis usually had another profession such as a tailor, shoemaker, farmer or publican in order to support themselves and as a cover for their ministry.

One such crypto-Jewish Frankist Rabbi was Edward Thomas Ennis who was called the Frank and this was to become his nick name. His father belonged to a crypto-Jewish Irish family of Frankist merchants who came to Athlone from Dublin and bought Ballynahown Court. Edward's father John William Ennis was the brother of  the Frankist merchant Andrew Ennis. Their father William Andrew Ennis was born on his family's Virginian Estate in 1758 belonging to a crypto-Jewish family originally coming from Athlone. The Ennis' were descended on the male line from an old crypto-Jewish family of Cork originally called Anes originating in Portugal.

When William was a young man he came to Dublin as a merchant and married a young girl of a Frankist crypto-Jewish family whose father was related to the him. They lived in the Roebuck area of Dublin and in 1800 he bought land in Griffinstown Westmeath. His son Andrew Ennis bought Ballynahown Court in 1830 where they established a Frankist crypto-Jewish community led by his Frankist wife Mrs Ennis (known as Lady Ennis to the crypto-Jewish community).

Around 1808 William sent his son John William Ennis to Amsterdam to study as a Rabbi in the thriving Orthodox Jewish community there. On his return to Ireland he married a young girl Mary Coffey (Miriam Kaufi) descended from Jacob Frank through her mother Anne Maher (Chana Mayer) one of the Matriarchs of the Irish Frankist community. Their son Edward (known as Frank) was a crypto-Jewish Frankist Rabbi to the Athlone community led by its Matriarchal descendants of Jacob Frank.

Edward married Mary(Anna) Ganley of Athlone. Mary was a teacher, healer and midwife like her mothers before her. She and her family had a special devotion to the archangel of healing- Raphael. She passed this devotion to the angels to her daughter Anne (also called Annie). Mary's mother the dark auburn haired Helena Moran was born in Liverpool and was from the Frankist community there led by her parents James and Juana (Johanna) Moran. Helena moved to Athlone and married her husband Richard Ganley in 1812 and became one of the Matriarchs of the crypto-Jewish Frankist community with the older "Lady" Ennis of Ballynahown Court (she was indeed the Lady of the Manor). Helena was known as Lady Ganley to the Frankist community as her father was a paternal grandson of Jacob Frank. Jacob Frank used the title of Baron or Count as did his descendants. The younger Lady Ennis indeed became an official Lady in the peerage of Britain and Ireland when her husband John Ennis was made a Baronet  in 1866.

Edward as a crypto-Rabbi was also a tailor in Tubberclare (Toberclair) near Athlone. In later life in the 1850's he became a farmer in the Kilkenny West area of Westmeath (near Athlone).  One of his farming properties was leased from his uncle Thomas Coffey. He died there in 1874. Many of Edward's brothers moved to live in Melbourne in Australia in the 1850's. His auburn-haired daughter Anne Ennis was to move to Melbourne in 1869. Anne had moved to Liverpool around 1865 where she worked as a governess for the Jewish Joseph family of Toxteth Park. They then secured a position for her as a governess to their relatives of the Montefiore family living in Melbourne Australia. It was from Liverpool that she caught a ship the "Gresham" to Australia. She arrived in Australia to Melbourne on 22 June1869 where she was employed by the Montefiore family.She married a Frankist relative Michael Kissane in Geelong in 1871. After the death of her husband in 1890 she ceased her secret Frankist observances and reared her younger children in the ordinary observances of Irish Catholicism.

Anne was a teacher and midwife like her mother before her. After her marriage she moved to Echuca. Her brother John Ennis joined them in Echuca and became a farmer there in 1887. She ran a school house in Echuca on the family property called Boileau, her daughter Johanna also taught for a time at her school. She is also said to have later moved to West Melbourne where she ran a nursing home for expectant mothers. In 1908 she went to Western Australia (with her daughter Johanna (Hannah) and her small grandchildren on a ship) where some of her children had moved in the late 1890's to the Goldfields (Kanowna and Coolgardie). The men are said to have travelled by land in wagons. In Western Australia she started a maternity nursing home in the town of Wagin and lived there until her death in 1931. 

After the death of Anne's husband and two daughters to yellow fever around 1890 she became a deeply devout Catholic and ceased to follow the secret Frankist Jewish ways which caused some conflict with her daughter Johanna (who also had dark auburn hair like her mother) who had returned to the Jewish faith while living in Melbourne where she worked for Rabbi Elias Blaubaum of the St Kilda Synagogue. Johanna's older sister Mary Ann (Molly) Kissane married her cousin Michael (Mick) Joseph Ennis (a son of Anne's brother Patrick Ennis of Westmeath near Athlone). Anne's younger sister Rose (Hebrew name Shoshanah) also in the 1870's arrived in Melbourne from Ireland where she married and raised a family.

The story of the Ennis family is typical of the Frankist families who for about a hundred years managed to retain their identity in secret but by the late 19th century this identity was being lost and forgotten and they were assimilating into the dominant culture of their communities. However the story of their origins that they created and assumed for their non Frankist neighbours became the one that their descendants also came to believe in many cases.The taking on of Irish and English names which successfully hid these families also was to aid in their rapid assimilation within 4 or 5 generations. These families had been successful in bringing a mystical, devotional and spiritual leaven into their  host Christian communities but in regards to preserving Jewish identity the secret or silent approach proposed by Jacob Frank (after the Polish Bishops refused to allow the Frankists to preserve their Jewish customs openly in the Church) must be deemed a failure.

It would seem that any Israelite community to preserve itself over time must have a concrete and public structure in which Jewish observances is a central feature. For 1500 years, according to Father Elias Friedman, the Church has followed a policy and regime of assimilation of Jewish converts to Gentile customs and practices. In order to preserve a functioning Catholic Jewish community as the mother form of the Church, a new or renewed approach is required. This will require not just Catholic orthodoxy with a Jewish "Face" in regards to Catholic teaching but Jewish orthopraxy in regards to Jewish observances. 

That the Marranos and Frankists succeeded in preserving and passing on their Jewish identity for a number of generations is due to the institution of the family. Any future Jewish Catholic community must begin with and build from Jewish identity and observances in the family environment. Chabad missionaries encourage a Jew to just light a candle for Shabbas or don teffillin or some other simple mitzvah. This small act can then enkindle a small flame of Jewish observance which can be built upon one step at a time. Of course for the Catholic Jew the meanings of these Jewish observances will be done with a deeper Mystical, Messianic, Marian, Josephine and Eucharistic understanding and comprehension.

Monday, April 27, 2015

Jewish R1b and Haplogroup Percentages

It would seem that those trying to promote the belief that the original Cohen and Israelite ydna Haplogroup was J downplay the significance of R1b among both Cohenim and Leviim as well as in the general population of Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews. In order to bring down the percentage among Ashkenazim they exclude the Dutch Ashkenazi from their figures. Eupedia claims that among the Sephardi R1b is only 13 percentage when it is closer to 30 percent according to other sources. Studies on Converso descended communities show over 50 percent of R1b.

The Jewish R1b project lists many Ashkenazi Jews in the R1b haplogroup and much of it of a middle Eastern variety (Ht 35) to which many of the R1b Cohenim and Leviim belong. It is the J groups that are convert bloodlines in Judaism. The J1 come from Arab and Samaritan converts and J2 from Samaritan  and other non-Israelite Middle Eastern converts. J and I are the haplogroups of the descendants of Ishmael. I ydna being the haplogroup of the Royal Assyrians (who fled to Samara in Russia and then into Europe) who branch into the Sarmatians and Vikings.

The I among Jews represents a Royal Assyrian input. R1a is Josephite and among the Ashkenazi this comes from the Khazar input. G is a Syrian input and much of J and E is from Samaritan origins. T and L is Edomite and Q is Benjaminite. The descendants of Abraham belong to IJK and the descendants of Jacob belong to NOP. There is a small percentage of K (Midianite/ Kenite) and O3 (Gadite) among Sephardi and Converso Jews. The R1b among Jews mainly comes from the Tribe of Judah, the House of Aaron and Levi, the Tribe of Simeon and the Royal House of David. 

Some of the clans or clades of Judah and Levi are found among Ht 35 and some among Ht 15. R1b L23 represents those R1b Israelites of the Kingdom of Judah and the Kingdom of Israel from the 12 (13) Tribes. R1b L51 represents those R1b Israelites and Judaites taken into Exile by Assyria and R1b Z2103 represent the R1b Jews of the continuing House of Judah with R1b clades from Judah, Levi, Cohenim and the Royal House of David. The Tribe of Simeon (DF27) went to Spain (Iberia) and some of their clans such as R1b SYR2627 reembraced Judaism as did some of the Reubenites (Radhan Jews) of R1b L2 and L4 (R1b U152) and some of the Zebulonites of L47 (R1b U106).

Region/HaplogroupI R1a R1b G J2 J1 E T L Q Others
Ashkenazi Jews41515815151621504
Sephardic Jews5  530101710880502
Converso Jews10255584101 0203

It is important to note when analyzing the dna evidence that dna may be affected by environmental factors and cataclysmic events in which the mutation rate may be rapid and a group of the same dna haplogroup may experience a mutation change (a loss of information) rather than just an individual. Dna studies are still in their infancy and it is not clear how much environmental factors affect dna. The Patriarch Jacob was the NOP ancestor who lived about 3900 years ago. 

In the days of Joseph in 1766 BC the nuclear winter that caused the 7 year famine was most likely the time many of the mutations occurred across the NOP Israelites as well as the other haplogroups. Some of these mutations affected the individual and some the family group. Jacob's sons by the sisters Leah and Rachel all have P-M45 but his children by the concubine sisters Bilhah and Zilpah do not.  It seems that the mutations for R and R1 occurred in Joseph and his half brothers by his mother's sister Leah's descendants but not in his brother Benjamin's descendants. It would seem that all the sons of Leah that went to Egypt the first time and Joseph who was in Egypt were affected (or at least their children) whereas Benjamin (or his sons) who at this time remained with his father in Canaan did not receive these mutations. 

The sons of Leah also received the mutation for R1b whereas Joseph (a son of Rachel) did not but his sons Ephraim and Manasseh inherited the R1a mutation. Different mutations occurred in Jacobs four sons by his two concubines. The sons of Bilhah, Naphtali and Dan were the ancestors of N haplogroup and the sons of her sister Zilpah, Asher and Gad were the ancestors of the O haplogroup. Estimating the age of haplogroups using a standard rate does not take into account mutiple mutations occurring around the same time and the different rate for different haplogroups. Many mutations occurred as a result of the cataclysmic events of 1960 BC (causing Abraham and his generation to age more rapidly and Isaac's degenerative blindness according to the Jewish tradition) and then again after 1766 BC in the time of Joseph.

Sunday, April 12, 2015

Royal House of Dunkeld-Atholl (R1b M222+) and the Khazars (R1a)


The origins of the Royal House of Dunkeld-Atholl in Scotland is hidden in the confusion of the events of the 9th and 10th centuries with the advent of the Viking invasions. It has been accepted by many that the Royal House of Dunkeld -Atholl has Irish origins in the Royal House of the Mide in Ireland descended from High- King Niall of the Nine Hostages. Sir Iain Moncreiffe a leading genealogist and herald who died in 1985 long before the advent of genealogical genetics, discussed this in his book on the Scottish Highland Clans. Recent ydna studies on R1b M222+ would seem to confirm this Niall descent of the male -line descendants of the Royal House of Dunkeld-Atholl that reigned over Scotland from 1034-1286.

During the period of the Viking ascendancy and invasion a group of Jewish Khazar warriors also entered Scotland and Ireland in 969 AD under the leadership of their exiled King Joseph (Cuncar). King Joseph's daughter by his first wife Zabina (Zebia) married Duncan II Mormaer of Atholl and were the parents of Abbot Crinan of Dunkeld who also became the Mormaer or Earl of Atholl, like his father and grandfather before him. Crinan married the heiress to the Scottish throne Princess Bethoc the eldest daughter of King Malcolm II of Scotland. Princess Bethoc's mother Aefgifu was a daughter of the Jewish Khazar King Joseph by his second wife Frigida of Ossory. King Joseph of the Khazars was descended from Princess Adiva (Aefgifu) a daughter of King Alfred the Great of England. Though she is often said to be a daughter of King Edward the Elder rather than his sister.

Crinan's son became the king of Scots as Duncan I. Duncan I descended on his direct ydna line from Donnchadh who was an Irish King of Mide who became known to history as Donald I King of the Picts and the Scots in the second half of the 9th century. He was the father of the legendary Scottish King Gregory (Giric) the Great who is said to have ruled Ireland, Scotland and part of England. Gregory the Great is said to have reigned form 878-889. It was from Gregory the Great's brother Prince Indrechtaig that the house of Dunkeld-Atholl descends. 

It would seem that after 889 the Viking assault on the British Isles intensified so that little record except in legend was recorded of this period of British Isles history. It is recorded that in the reign of Donald II who succeeded King Gregory (Giric the Great) that the great ravaging of Scotland by the Norse occurred around 900 AD.  At the time of the arrival of the Khazars in Angus and Moray in 969 AD the Vikings were at a time of weakness with much infighting in Scandinavia. King Joseph was killed by Malcolm II (not yet king) probably in 995 as revenge for King Joseph's daughter Fenella's betrayal of his father Kenneth II which led to his death.

The Khazar people were made up of a number of ydna groups but one of the main groups belonged to R1a-Z93 (Z2124) ydna clade (Manessehite) found among many Ashkenazi Jews, while the Khazar Royal House belonged to the Ephraimite R1a-Z283 (L176) ydna clade. It is this clan of the Royal Khazars of L176 that moved into Scandinavia and Scotland. This Royal Clan of Khazars were male-line descendants of Prince Istemi a Scandinavian-Slavic (Vanir/ Wane/ Wends) Prince of the 6th century who married into the Royal Dynasty of the Gokturks (of Benjaminite Q ydna). 

Istemi  (or Istami) belonged to the Vanir clan of the Parata or Paradan Kingdom which in turn was a part of the Parthian Empire. It was established by Bagareva (Baburraja) the exiled Ruler of Parthia (or Patras) the capital city of the Parthians after the Roman defeat of Parthia in 117 AD. Bagareva was a grandson of Vonones II of Parthia. It is from the name Vonones that the names of Vanir, Wane and Wends have their origin as part of the Royal Parthian House of Vonones which moved from the Middle East/Central Asia to Scandinavia in the 3rd or 4th century. 

The name Slovene (Slav) was originally Slo-voni meaning the people of Voni (Vonones). These descendants of the Erani (Aryan) clan of the tribe of Ephraim, that had been exiled by the Assyrians in the 7th century BC, formed the ruling class of the Medo-Persian Empire of Cyrus, Xerxes and Darius and the later Parthian Empire who were the male-line ancestors of the Slavic people and the Royal Khazars. It is interesting that the Bear in Daniel's prophecies is said to represent the Medo-Persian Empire and their Slavic descendants in Russia are also known by the symbol of the Bear.

Beginning in the 10th century AD these now Khazar royals merged by intermarriage with the House of Dunkeld-Atholl of R1b-M222. The R1a-Z283 found among the MacDonald and Alexander descendants represent this Royal Khazar input into Scotland, while the R1b-M222+ found in the Alexander and MacDonald families represent the genetic descendants of the Royal House of Dunkeld-Atholl.