Tuesday, March 17, 2015

The Mystery of Troy and Odysseus



Recently I have been researching about the battle and fall of Troy. Through studying Velikovsky and others I came to the conclusion some time ago that the Battle of Troy occurred around 690 BC. This was about 90 years before the Assyrians attacked Israel and carried them away into captivity. At this time many of the Meshwesh/ Milesians/ Libyans (ancient Gaelic peoples) from Kedar (Ancient south-west Western Australia and the submerged Naturaliste Plateau) and the Indian Ocean were in Egypt and Europe. 

Until recently I had accepted the traditional location of Troy in Asia Minor (Turkey) but after reading further I tend to agree with those who place Troy in a colder northern climate. At this time there was a paganised Egypto-Phoenician-Israelite (Tharshish and Zarephath) culture on the western coastlands of Europe connected with the Tribe of Zebulon (tall and blonde warriors). Their colonies stretched across the Atlantic to the Americas. The Northern Atlantic was at this time called the Red Sea and Homer describes it as the dark wine coloured sea. They also established colonies in the Mediterranean Sea and mixed with the Pelasgians (Philistine/ Southern Atlanteans of E1b ydna) and were known as the Ancient Greeks. They called themselves Dannan or Danai in honour of their Goddess Dione (Diana/ Dinah/ Danu) and her priestesses. She was a deified version of Dinah the daughter of Jacob and Leah. 

The Northern Atlanteans were a mixture of Zebulonites from Tharshish (R1b ydna) with Ephraimites from Phoenicia (R1a). Both the Mexican Crete and the Mediterranean Crete were colonies of the northern Atlanteans. Crete is named for an early Queen of Atlantis called Cleito or Creito. The High King of Atlantis who ruled in the mountainous north was called Atlas or Atzlan from which developed the titles of Athel, Adel, Eadgils. Zebulon is also to be identified with Poseidon.

The Battle of Troy occurred at a time of great cataclysmic events that saw a huge Tsunami inundate Doggerland and cause the Danai to move into the Mediterranean area in greater numbers. They were joined around 600 BC by the Israelite Dorians fleeing the Assyrians.  The Homeric Crete (Mexico) was also later called Antillia (Atullia/ Atala). It was an island at this time separated by water from Rhodes or Rhoda (North America) and South America. Argos may have been located in ancient Britain and Northern France.

The Pythia claims that Homer was from Ithaca like Odysseus himself. Homer writes of the Island of Scylla and the Charybdis (Oceanic whirlpool) in the Odyssey. Paul the Deacon of the 8th century places Scylla and this whirlpool between Britain and Galicia in Spain. The identification of this is crucial to any further identifications of locales in Homer.

 "Not very far from this shore … toward the western side, on which the ocean main lies open without end, is that very deep whirlpool of waters which we call by its familiar name "the navel of the sea." This is said to suck in the waves and spew them forth again twice every day. … They say there is another whirlpool of this kind between the island of Britain and the province of Galicia, and with this fact the coasts of the Seine region and of Aquitaine agree, for they are filled twice a day with such sudden inundations that any one who may by chance be found only a little inward from the shore can hardly get away. I have heard a certain high nobleman of the Gauls relating that a number of ships, shattered at first by a tempest, were afterwards devoured by this same Charybdis. And when one only out of all the men who had been in these ships, still breathing, swam over the waves, while the rest were dying, he came, swept by the force of the receding waters, up to the edge of that most frightful abyss. And when now he beheld yawning before him the deep chaos whose end he could not see, and half dead from very fear, expected to be hurled into it, suddenly in a way that he could not have hoped he was cast upon a certain rock and sat him down." Paul the Deacon, History of the Lombards, i.6

Scylla is the Roman Scillonia Insula which was a larger single island at this time now called the Scilly Isles. After Odysseus passed between Scylla and the whirlpool Charybdis he landed on Helios. Helios was the Greek name for Southern Zarephath (France) due to Elijah (deified as Helios) having lived there with the widow of Zarephath. In the time of Elijah, Spain and southern France were called Sidon or Zidon. This was also the home of Jonah (the widow's son) of the Tribe of Zebulon.

Felice Vinci's identification of Troy as Troia in Finland is correct in my opinion. At this time the Arctic Sea was navigable in the Summer and Odysseus and his ships crossed this Ocean and entered the Pacific Ocean via the Chukchi Sea and they landed on the land of the Chukchi or Cicones which Marco Polo calls Cipangu (It sunk under the Pacific in 1530 AD). This may also be the same place called Colchis in the story of Jason and the Argonauts (Jason was from Lolcos which may be Calalus in North America or England).  Odysseus then headed into South East Asia to the land of the Lotus Eaters (possibly Vietnam). 

The ships of Odysseus then arrived at the Island of the Giant Cyclopes. This Island was still in existence until as recent as 1530 (and possibly until 1606) off the Western Australian Coast and was recorded on early Portuguese maps as the Isle of the Giants. It is mentioned by Sir John de Mandeville in the 14th century. Odysseus then sails to Aelos which is near the Roaring forties or Furious Fifties and is probably the ancient land scientists now called the sunken land of Mauritia (still in tact in the 12th century AD). He then sails on the Roaring forties or furious fifties heading for Ithaca (an island in the Pacific west of South America possibly Easter Island which is the small remnant of a bigger Island) but a hurricane turns them back. They are wrecked on Lamos (Lamary/ Java the Less) the land of Cannibals (Laestrygonians) on the Kergeulen Plateau.

From the Kergeulen Plateau Odysseus escapes in one ship to Antarctica (Aeaea) which is ruled by a witch Queen called Circe. From there they sailed to the land of the underground cities of the east coast of South America where they have experiences of  the supernatural possibly brought on by drugs. From there they eventually head across the Atlantic past Ireland (the land of the Sirens) and between Scylla and Charybdis to Helios (southern France).  He then gets into another storm and is washed ashore on Ogygia which may be Iceland or Lochlann (a sunken land near the Faroe Islands). After Ogygia he goes to the land of the Phaecians which was an advanced civilisation on Greenland. In their fast ships the Phaecians return him to Ithaca around 680 BC after his ten year journey.


Rough locations of the Homeric world travelled by Odysseus 


The Rhodans, Radans and the Trojans have been confused as they are three branches of the Tribe of Reuben. The Trojan ancestors left Egypt and settled in Turkey and then moved up the European waterways to the Baltic Sea where they established the Trojan Kingdom in Finland ruled by a Royal House descended from Zerah Judah. Another branch of the Royal House of Zerah Judah were Egyptian-Israelite Govenor-Generals of the Rhodan-Sheban Kingdom in Australia.


Rhodes or Rhoda in North America (Limestone or Chalk region of Arizona) which may have been named for the red wolves and the red -coloured natives of this region. Later the Benjaminites would establish themselves in North America (Q ydna) by killing the Red men (descended from the Sons of Joktan) and taking their wives (the Daughters of the golden red skinned Adnan, Japheth's wife) as their own. Others of the Sons of Joktan married the black skinned Daughters of Nahal (the wife of Ham).


Another group of Reubenites left Turkey via the Mediterranean and settled in Rhoda in North America. They joined the other Danai in the attack on Troy. After the fall of Troy many of the Trojans moved to Rhoda and from there a large group sometime after 600 BC moved to join the other Reubenites in Australia who established the Radan or Rubanu kingdom of Chabor on the Shallow Red Sea (Yam Rhodud) of Inland Australia.  

One group of Trojans remained in Europe and were called the Rujii and they gradually moved south-west from the Baltic Sea towards France where they eventually join up with the Rhodan/ Radan Jewish traders who also used France (Gaul) as a major base of operations in their world-wide trading network. They also had colonies in Britain and Italy.

Monday, January 26, 2015

Alternative History of Ancient Egypt and Australia



History is not always what one has been taught to believe has happened in the past. Emmanuel Velikovsky demonstrated this point convincingly in his numerous works. Australia’s history before British colonisation is a case in point. Overcoming the blindness engendered by the scientific errors of uniformitarian and Darwinian evolution opens up a whole new way of looking at the past. The theories of uniformitarianism and Darwinian evolution masquerades as science, they are in reality science fantasies. Using the faulty dating methodologies based on evolutionary assumptions, that see change as very slow and gradual, causes problems of immense proportions. This has led to an overly critical approach to many literary and historical sources. Emmanuel Velikovsky’s writings have led to a revival in some quarters of the older form of understanding geology –that of Catastrophism.  

           The reinterpretation of history proposed here is based on over 30 years research and study. It is one that many will find difficult to accept due to their acceptance of modern academia and its faulty evolutionary and Darwinian base. In recent years I have come to the conclusion that a great catastrophe occurred in the Southern Hemisphere in 1530 AD which changed that Hemisphere dramatically.  It was the last in a line of catastrophes to hit the world. It was the events of 1530 AD that froze Antarctica, caused the Little Ice Age, drastically changed the coastline of Australia, huge tsunamis hit Australia and New Zealand, sunk many lands and islands into the Indian and Pacific Oceans and led to great movements of peoples. Earlier in the great catastrophe of about 535-540 AD, where two celestial objects hit the Gulf of Carpentaria (north of Australia), parts of the coastline sunk in Australia and much land sunk under the water, east of Australia, leaving mainly New Zealand behind and caused the mini Ice Age in the Northern Hemisphere which destroyed the Arthurian Empire and sunk the Arthurian island kingdoms of Lyonesse (south-west of Cornwall) and Lochlain or Lothlind (north west of  Ireland) into the Atlantic Ocean.

             This scenario takes Australian History back to the time of Noah whose mountain was not in the mountains of Ararat in Turkey but Mt Cook in New Zealand. The Tasman Sea at this time and some of the Southern Ocean were above ground and were the original great Valley of Shinar or Sinar in which the Tower of Babel was built (Tasmania). Due to the catastrophic events of that time Shinar went under the Ocean and the continents formed rapidly forming the Himalayas and the Ice Age began. Australia then had two great cities of Uruk (Mt Augustus Western Australia) and Eridu (Uluru) in the Eridu Empire. Uruk was the city of the High Queen of the Eridu Empire and Eridu city was the seat of the Governor-General or King of Eridu. This civilisation was very advanced like it had been before the Flood and they had colonies on some of the planets and moons. The Empire became split between the two rulers and war erupted. They were both destroyed by nuclear destruction at different times. The Egypto-Israelites established colonies in Ancient Australia in the days of Joseph onwards. The High- Queens of Eridu moved to Thebes or Sheba in North-western Australia. A Davidic Kingdom was founded in South-west Western Australia at Kedar (much of Kedar in now under the Indian Ocean).
            Sometime around 700-500 BC a further time of catastrophe occurred in which much of South East Asia (Sundaland) went under the waters and a portion of the fleeing lost Israelites eventually settled in Australia. From the Davidic kingdom of Kedar in south-west Western Australia an exodus of the Mu or Ma (Meshwesh/ Milesians / Libu) moved to Asia Minor and Egypt. They were also known as the Moon people (Mu/ Libu) for their pale white skins and their honour of Diana (Dana/ Dona/ Dinah/ Dione) Goddess (or  Queen-Empress) of the Moon. These were the ancestors of the Gaelic-speaking peoples (y-dna R1b-L21) of the British Isles and Ireland.  The Kedarite Kingdom was part of a Hebrew-Phoenician-Egyptian colony in Australia. Queen Hatshepsut, King Solomon  and Prince Nathan play an important role in this revised history of ancient Australia. Around this time (600 BC) the so-called Doggerland (Tharshish) surrounding the British Isles was hit by a Tsunami that sunk much of the land into the sea. Tharshish was an advanced Egypto-Hebrew-Phoenician colony known for its great merchant ships. Some Jewish sources refers to these Ships of Tharshish with the Dutch Ships (Ships of Zebulon). In Jewish legends the Tarshishim are known as angels due to their long blonde hair and tall statue (y-dna R1b-U106). 
            Hatshepsut (Hepzibah) Maatkare (r.852-829 BC) was the daughter of Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose (meaning child of Moon). Hatshepsut was the High-Queen of Egypt, Kush, Sheba and Kedar (in the Land of Mu). She came of a long line of Moon (Mu) Queens. Thebes was called Wa-shet or Wa.she which can also be read She.Wa (Sheva or Sheba). It is near Thebes that the Great Temple of Hatshepsut is found.

            Hatshepsut married King Solomon's brother Nathan (Nehesi/ Narada) who became the Royal Governor of the Rhodan Empire (Mu) and King of Dedan and Kedar. When Nathan died childless she went to Israel to fulfil the custom of yibum (raising up a son to the name of his childless brother) with Nathan's oldest brother Solomon. They had a son Mattata (Nattata/ Narada) who was the ancestor of the Virgin Mary (Luke 3). Her daughter Neferure (Nenuna/ Netuna) with Solomon (Senmut) was reared by her in Egypt.The great city of Ophir or Saphir called the city of Gold was built at the mouth of a Great River flowing from a huge Canyon bigger than the Grand Canyon in America (another place that has been said to have been settled by Egyptian-Phoenican-Israelites). Ancient accounts spoke of the houses being on stilts and beehive shaped in a land of great Valleys or canyons. This whole area was destroyed and sunk into the sea at a later date along with much as this land of Mu (Sheba/ Punt). This Great River was in ancient times known as the Eridanus River (Red river) and the Indian Ocean was called the Eridanus or Erythean Sea. The Eridanus River was also known as Cygnus (Swan). There is an Ancient Greek myth that tells of Phaeton the son of Helios falling into the Eridanus River and his friend Cygnus mourning for him and being turned into a Swan. The Eridanus constellation is also associated with its Babylonian name of Star of Eridu. Some observers have even claimed to identify wall-like structures and a pyramid shaped object in the Perth (Swan) Canyon.
The understanding of the dynasties of Egypt as commonly accepted by academia are a muddled concoction of 12th Dynasty invention mixed with Manetho’s artificial lengthening of Egypt’s antiquity plus the theories of 18th and 19th century Egyptologists. Velikovsky first drew attention to the problems of Egyptian Chronology and many others have followed in his footsteps. The figure of Joseph is important in a reevaluation of the history of Egypt. The so-called 4th, 5th, 6th, and 11th dynasties are in reality Josephite dynasties or what I called the Rose Dynasty. The third Dynasty’s so-called Pharaoh Netjerkhet was in fact Joseph . Joseph (born 1801 BC) was known also as Imhotep, Djoser, Redji, Inyotef, Zaphanat Paneat or Zatenef Ipiankhu, Djedi and Djedefre. Joseph was also called Temu (Tam) as the priest of On (Heliopolis) which position he inherited from his father-in-law the Priest of On (Annu), his wife Asenath’s adopted father.

          Joseph was the Great Architect of the whole pyramid complex which he initiated and oversaw until his death in 1691 BC.  The term Pharaoh has come to be used for a Ruling King or Prince (Nasu) of Egypt by scholars and the Bible for the Rulers of Egypt, before Thutmose II they did not use this title for the Ruler of Egypt but the title Parahu or Pharaoh was for the Ruler of the Southern Empire of Rhoda or Punt (Australia and Indonesia). I will also continue to use this term Pharaoh for the pre-Thutmose II Rulers (Nasu) of Egypt. 


    Abraham was in Egypt at the time of the so-called 1st dynasty in the time of Pharaoh Den in 1979 BC. This dynasty was descended from Abraham’s ancestors Reu and Sargon. Abraham (b.2059 BC d. 1884 BC) was known to them as Dudimu or Thoth and Sarah as the beautiful Seshen (Lotus Lily). Hagar was Pharaoh’s daughter. Abraham was born in Ur Kasdim or Uruk (Burringurrah (Mt Augustus) in Western Australia). Wikipedia states: "The Talmud (Yoma 10a) identifies the Biblical city of Erech with a place called "Urichus". (See background on Yoma 10.) T.G. Pinches in The Old Testament in the Light of the Historical Records and Legends of Assyria and Babylonia A.T. Clay, writing in the 1915 International Standard Bible Encyclopedia article Ur of the Chaldees, understood this as an identification of Uruk (biblical Erech) with Ur Kaśdim."  Ur Kasdim can also be read Uruk Shadim (Uruk of winged demons). Uruk was destroyed in a Nuclear War at the same time as Sodom and Gomorrah in 1960 BC when Abraham was 99 years old. Until this time humans did not show aging according to Jewish tradition. After these events Abraham and his generation started to show signs of aging due to increased radiation and mutations which caused Isaac's blindness in latter life. There was another world wide nuclear war in 1766 which caused the nuclear winter of 7 years in the time of Joseph.



The Pharaoh of Joseph’s time was the 2nd Dynasty Pharaoh Khasekhemwy (reigned c.1785-1755 BC) who was originally called Khasekhem but when Joseph and Jacob appeared in Egypt he adapted it to Khasekhemwy which means ‘The Two Powerful Ones Appear’. The 2nd dynasty was the House of Sekhem and was founded by Hotepsekhemwy (Sekhem-kha) who was a great noble in 1st Dynasty Egypt and a descendant of Khaba brother of Reu. The name Sekhem or Sakham means ‘Son of the Sun’. Khasekhem or Kasakham means ‘likeness of the son of the sun’. His grandson Pharaoh Nynetjer (reigned c.1848-1812 BC) mounted an expedition to Canaan. The Egyptians called Canaan the Land or House of the North and the city of Shalem they called Shem-re. 

          Nyntjer’s son Khamor the Serpentine was made the Egyptian Prince of this region of Canaan which they named Sekhem in honour of the dynasty. Khamor also named his son Sekhem (or Shekhem) who was the father of Asenath. Khamor was the brother of Pharaoh Sekhemib (reigned c.1812-1785 BC). Sekhemib later took the name Seth-Peribsen and was succeeded eventually by his son Khasekhem. After Dinah (the daughter of the Hebrew Patriarch Jacob and Leah) gave birth to Asenath, Jacob sought to protect her by sending her to her father’s Egyptian relatives. The Pharaoh entrusted his infant niece to the care of the High Priest of An (On / Heliopolis). Khasekhemwy was succeeded as Pharaoh by his son Pharaoh Khaba (reigned c.1755-1748 BC) by Queen Namaathap. Pharaoh Khaba married Sheshet a sister or daughter of Phares son of Judah.


          The 4th Dynasty was the Josephite dynasty of Ephraim, centred in Abydos in Upper Egypt and they were the coordinators of the Pyramid project which was a great work to reveal the sacred realm in a mirror image on the earth connected with the figure of Orion and the River of the Milky Way. Nasi Ephraim was the father of Nasu Seneferu the Lord of Abydos and his brother Nasi Manasseh was Nasu Mentuhotep ancestor of the Memphite 6th Dynasty and the Elephantine 5th dynasty and the Theban 11th dynasty. Their sister Intkaes (Anatkawes/Khenut) married Meriyibre Khety (also called Unas) a son of Hezron (Huni).


           Joseph’s two grandaughter’s by Intkaes, the Priestess of Annu and Chantress of Amon, were called the White Rose and the Red Rose. Sesheshet-Neferu the White Rose married Montuhotep (Manasseh) the Prince of Thebes and her sister Khentkawes (Iput) the Red Rose married Inyotef-Teti (Ankhtify) of Hierakonpolis, his son. Their brother was Neferkare I who ruled in Heraklepolis in Lower Egypt. Inyotef (Joseph) Teti (Ankhtify) led an army against Thebes and his brother Inyotef Wahankh was installed as Nasu of Thebes during the reign of Neferkare III of the House of Khety and he married Neferu the sister of Neferkare III.

           Inyotef Wahankh’s sister Meryinyotef (‘beloved of Joseph’) married Khufu (Khapa/ Cheops) Prince of Abydos and Giza (1685-1662) the son of Senefru ( son of Ephraim) Prince of Abydos and Giza (1710-1685). In Hebrew Panei means face (Panim means faces) and in Aramaic face is Apei. Paneah means ‘Face of God’ and Ipiankhu means ‘the face of life’. Khapa (Khufu) means ‘likeness of the faces’. Seneferu Efrayim means ‘son of the beautiful face (or nose) of Ra’. Khafre was the son of Khufu. Khafre or Chephren (1654-1632) means ‘likeness of Efrayim’ or ‘likeness of the nose (or face) of Ra’. Ra is Jacob the one who wrestled and beheld God faces to faces. Khafre’s son was Shepseskare the Prince of Abydos and Giza (1632-1625). Djedefre (1662-1654) is ‘He who is the face (or nose) of Ra’. Djedefre’s son was Neferefre the Prince of Abydos and Giza (1625-1618). Neferefre was the father of Djedkare-Isesi the Prince of Abydos and Giza (1577-1542). Djedkare was the last Hebrew Prince of Abydos and Giza who was defeated by Pharoah Amenemhet I. Around 1566 when Pharaoh Mentuhotep IV fled Egypt Djedkare retreated to the south to Giza. 


            After their defeated by Amenemhet many of the Ephraimites left Egypt to joined their Ephraimite brothers already settled in Lebanon and Palestine. The Philistines in Gaza allied themselves with Amenemhet and massacred many of the Ephramites. Shepseskare’s brothers were Niuserre and Menkaure. Niuserre (1618-1587) means ‘possessed of Ra’s power’. Menkaure (1587-1581) means ‘Eternal Likeness of Ra’. Menkaure’s son was Shepseskaf (Ptahshepses) the Prince of Abydos and Giza (1581-1577) and Vizier under his uncle/father-in-law Niuserre the Prince of Abydos. Shepseskaf’s wife Khamaat was also called Khamerenebty (Likeness of the beloved Lady) daughter of Niuserre. Menkaure’s wife Khentkaes was also called Khamerenebty.

           Heman or Hemon was also a Zerahite Vizier in Egypt and the architect of the Great Pyramid. That the genealogy in Chronicles does refer to the Zerahites we see in 1 Kings 4 that the Zerahites as also called Ezrahites. "For he was wiser than all men, than Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol; and his fame was known in all the surrounding nations." Mahol the son of Zerah was called Nefermaat by the Egyptians and his wife Atet or Itet was a daughter of the son of Ephraim who was known to the Egyptians as Sneferu. Mahol(Mehu) Nefermaat was the husband of the eldest daughter of Sneferu, but Egyptologists believe he is the son rather than the son-in-law of Sneferu. He was also a Vizier of Egypt. The Petrie Museum website states:"The vizier was in almost all periods the head of the administration. The title king's son might mean that Nefermaat was really the son of a king, but there are many examples, especially from the Old Kingdom, where the title was honorific. In the Egyptian language, 'son' could also mean grandson or even great-grandson. Because of the importance of Nefermaat, which can be seen at his huge tomb, he is often regarded as real son of king Snefru. However there is no proof for that." Heman's son Merari (Mereruka) was also a Vizier of Egypt to Inyotef Teti and was the father of Mered (Meriteti) also a Vizier of Pepi I Meryre.

            Sneferu son of Ephraim married Hetepheres the daughter of Huni (Hezron) and granddaughter of Phares ha Nasi. Meryret was the daughter of Pharaoh Khaba and his Hebrew wife Sheshet daughter of Phares haNasi (b.1830 BC) and granddaughter of Judah and Tamar. Meryret was the wife of Huni (Hezron). Khaba was succeeded by his son-in-law Hezron as Pharaoh Huni (reigned c.1780-1760 BC).  Huni was succeeded by his son Meriyibre Khety Unas (reigned c.1760-1737 BC). His son Neferkare I Akhety (reigned c. 1737-1730). He was succeeded by his brother Nebkaure Akhety (reigned c. 1730-1725 BC). Nebkaure was succeeded by his son Neferkare II Akhety (reigned c. 1725-1720) also called Kaneferre. He was succeeded by his cousin Neferkare III Akhety (reigned c.1720-1715 BC). He was succeeded by his son Userkaf (reigned c.1715-1707 BC). Userkaf was succeeded by his son Sahure (reigned c. 1707-1693 BC). He was succeeded by his brother-in-law Kalkol as Pharaoh Neferirkare (reigned c.1693-1689 BC) the Egyptian Governor and founder of Athens in Greece where clans from the tribes of Dan and Gad had already settled. His brother Darda (Dardanus) settled on the western coast of Turkey (Ionia) with many of the clans of the Zarahites or Ezrahites (R1b- M73) with some of the Reubenites (R1b-M335). Clans of Ephraim settled in Lebanon (Phoenica) and Palestine (Canaan). Joseph (Djedi) died during his reign aged 110. At this time Joseph's grandson Senefru was Prince of Abydos and Giza.

            Neferirkare was succeeded as Pharaoh by his cousin Inyotef I of Thebes (1689-1650) son of Mentuhotep I (Manasseh son of Joseph). Inyotef I was succeeded by his brother Inyotef II Wahankh (1650-1599). He was succeeded by his son Inyotef III (1598- 1589). Inyotef III's son Montuhotep II succeeded him as the Nasi of Thebes. He reigned as Prince of Thebes for 50 years and as Pharaoh for 11 years (reigned 1589-1578). His son Mentuhotep III (reigned c.1578-1566 BC) succeeded him as Pharaoh. His son Mentuhotep IV (1566-1560) reigned only six years and then fled Egypt in ships for the Egyptian colonies with many of his followers. He was usurped by his Vizier Amenemhet whose mother was the daughter of Pharaoh Sahure and his father Senusret a native Egyptian.

             Amenemhet I (1560-1530 BC) was the first Pharaoh of the Dynasty that knew not Joseph. He was succeeded by his son Senusret I (reigned c.1530-1484 BC). His son Amenemhet II (reigned c.1484-1449 BC) succeeded him. In his reign Moses’ father Amram the Priest of An and Amon of Hebron entered Egypt. Amenemhet II was succeeded by his son-in law Senusret II (reigned c.1449-1429 BC). Moses adopted mother was Princess Mereret Tamaat (Merris Tarmut) Neferu the daughter of Senusret II and his wife Queen Neferet daughter of Pharaoh Amenemhet II. Moses was born in 1430 BC in the reign of Senusret II. Moses mother became Queen Mereret when her father died and her husband and half-brother Senusret III (reigned c. 1429-1388 BC) became Pharaoh. In Sensuret III's 16th year the 17 year old Moses was made the King's Son of Kush when he was successful in the Nubian (Kushite/ Ethiopian) campaign. Josephus tells us that he married the daughter of the Ethiopian King and it was this that later Miriam and Aaron criticised Moses about. Sensuret praised this 'son' of his even though he is not his biological child. The Stela reads:


"Year 16, third month of winter: the king made his southern boundary at Heh. I have made my boundary further south than my fathers. I have added to what was bequeathed me. (...) As for any son (ie. successor) of mine who shall maintain this border which my Majesty has made, he is my son born to my Majesty. The true son is he who champions his father, who guards the border of his begetter. But he [who] abandons it, who fails to fight for it, he is not my son, he was not born to me. Now my majesty has had an image made of my majesty, at this border which my majesty has made, in order that you maintain it, in order that you fight for it." 
       At 20 years of age in the the 19th Year of his adopted father Sensuret III he was made co-ruler with his adopted father as Amenemhet III when he was successful again in the Nubia (Ethiopian) campaign of that year. He left Egypt about 1390 and left his son by his Egyptian wife Hetepti (his adopted sister the daughter of Sobeknefru and her half-brother Sensuret III) with his adopted Mother.

             Moses’ son Amenemhet IV on the death of Sensuret III in 1388 became Pharaoh and Mereret became the Regent as Sobekneferu. Amenemhet IV removed to Thebes on his grandmother’s death and his descendants continued there until they once again ruled Egypt as the 17th and 18th Mosaic or Theban Dynasties. Many have in recent years realised that the Pharaoh of the Exodus must be from the 13th Dynasty as first proposed by Velikovsky. Some claim that Dudimose or Dudumose (Tutimaos/Thothmose) was the Pharaoh of the Exodus. In fact this was the name of Moses who was also as a general called Mer-meshoi and then as co-Pharaoh Amenemhet III. Neferhotep replaced Amemenhet IV and he was succeeded by his brother Sobekhotep IV. Most of the 13th Dynasty Pharaohs were contemporary with the 12th Dynasty and it is the 13th Dynasty Pharaoh Sobekhotep IV Khaneferre who is the Pharaoh of the Exodus. It is said that he married one of the Princesses descended from Senusret III. The Exodus occurred around 1350 BC. The Israelites entered the Promised Land around 1310 BC.

           Joseph is also known as Djoser Ateti and Netjerkhet. Ateti can also be written Adedi or Teti or Dedi or Thoth or Tuti or Dodi. Thus Djoser Ateti is the same as Yosef haDodi – Joseph the Beloved. The word kawes or kaes is kalleh (bride) in Hebrew. The name Intkaes or Anatkawes means the Bride of Heaven (Nut) and the name Netjerkhet can mean the Divine Body or the divine Bridegroom (Khatan). The House of Akhety is thus the House of the Bridegroom. Asenut (also called Anath) means the beloved of the sky goddess Nut. This beloved of Nut is also called Isis. The As in Asenath is Isis. The Egyptians called Asenath Isis and the Ephraimite Phoenicians called her Anath. Isis is the Egyptian version of the promised Isha of Genesis 3:15 and her seed the Zera is associated with Sirius (zerius) which is Osirus in Egypt. In Sumer Henoch is known as Anu or Anum and is also associated with the Zera (Seed) and the constellation of the Divine Man Sirius or Orion. His wife and daughter-in-law were both called Edna or Edni (Edinah or Dinah) and were seen as types of the promised Isha (Woman). The mother of Abraham was also called Edna. This term Edni or Etni meant a priestess-princess in ancient Sumer. Cain’s son Henoch is also called Enki in Sumer and is called Anubis in Egypt. The name Kaleb or Kawab means the soul (or likeness) of the heart and is also Geb (Gaweb/Galeb) the earth God of Egypt represented by the phallus. This is Yesod or Brit in the Jewish understanding of the Sefirot. The Egyptian Ennead of nine gods is a corruption of the the Jewish and Enochian understanding of the Attributes (Sefirot). Kaleb was a descendant of Phares Judah and he married the Ephraimite Hetepheres (Efrata) daughter of Khufu. He also married Miriam daughter of the Vizier Mered of Zerah Judah. Jewish tradition relates that King David was a descendant of this Caleb and Miriam. Their daughter Shoshana married Amram (Anbaram) of Levi.

            Further revision of the datings of the ancient world also need to be taken into account. The date usually given for the destruction of the First Temple of Solomon today in 586 BC whereas Jewish sources say 422-5 BC- in fact I believe it is around 460-5 BC. Solomon lived in the 9th century BC not the tenth. The First Temple was built around the 870 BC. I believe the dating of the Exodus in the 13th dynasty, Solomon in the 18th dynasty and the time of the Babylonian Exile in the 19th dynasty by Velikovsky to be correct. However I believe Velikovsky's dates have to be revised down as he accepted the 586 BC dating of the Destruction of the the First Temple. I believe that originally Jewish authorities dated the Temple to around 460 BC but later adjusted it by 40 years so that the 490 years ended at the destruction of the Second Temple rather than the crucifixion of Jesus. Thus Rameses II lived in the 5th century BC.




               There is a great discrepancy between the traditional Jewish dates of historical events and the so-called 'Accepted Chronology' of modern academia. Brad Aranson defends the ideas of Dr Chaim S. Heifetz revision of Persian History in accord with traditional Jewish datings. Alexander Eterman seeks to criticise this reconstruction by Heifetz and Aranson and accepts the modern reconstruction of ancient history which is based ultimately on Egyptian Chronology. Eterman doesn't seem to know or doesn't mention the serious problems with Greek History and its chronological datings due to the acceptance of the Egyptian Chronology which creates a totally fictitious Greek Dark Ages. 

              Velikovsky and those that have followed his approach have demonstrated that Egyptian Chronology is in need of major revision. Velikovsky did this quite successfully in many regards. However his acceptance of the modern dating for the fall of the first Jewish Temple around 586 BC and thus its faculty dating of the events of the Kingdoms of Judah and Israel affects the time periods for Velikovsky's reconstruction of ancient history.  The Jewish datings are mainly based on the Seder Olam and some other Jewish sources. They date the fall of the First Temple to 422 BC and the Second Temple to 68 AD. If we adjust a minor Jewish calendar problem we could adjust this by two years so that the 68 AD becomes the 70 AD of historians for the fall of the Second Temple. 
Thus the date for the fall of the First Temple would seem to be 420 BC.
 

          The Rabbis who compiled the Seder Olam took the prophecy of Daniel about 490 years from the destruction of the First Temple until the 'cutting off' of the Messiah as occurring at the destruction of the Second Temple. However the Jewish Christians saw this prophecy as terminating in 30 AD when the Messiah Jesus was crucified. The Seder Olam see the year 28 AD as the year that the Sanhedrin lost the power to give the death sentence. When we adjust this by 2 years we see that this happened in 30 AD. This would explain why the chief priests had to get the permission of Pontius Pilate for the crucifixion of Jesus which probably occurred in 31 AD.

                 Thus the First Jewish Temple was not destroyed in 420 or 422 BC but in 460 BC (462 BC). How did the rabbis shorten the historical events? We know from Velikovsky that it was only the ancient history dates from the time of Alexander the Great that he considered 'secure'. The Jewish datings based on the Seder Olam says that Alexander conquered Persia in 312-311 BC but the historians tell us this event happened in 332-1 BC. Thus we see 20 years of the 40 that the Rabbis cut out from their dating system. The other 20 years was taken off the date for the rebuilding of the Temple Walls by Nehemiah thus the date of 334 (332) BC has to be adjusted to 372 BC for the rebuilding of the Walls by Nehemiah. Thus the gap between the modern dating and the adjusted Jewish date is 126 years at this point. Thus Israelite and Judeans history needs to be adjust by 126 years at least.

                 The Seder Olam also tells us that the construction of the First Temple was begun by Solomon in 832 BC thus with the adjustments demonstrated here it would be the year 870 BC. The Bible tells us that Solomon began the construction of the temple in his 4th year so his reign would have begun around 874 BC. We know from Velikovsky that the famous Queen of Sheba was Queen Hatshepsut of Egypt. Thus the 18th Dynasty would be further lowered in date than even Velikovsky proposed. Velikovsky also identified Pharoah Necho II with Ramese II. Pharaoh Necho (Rameses II) (r.493 BC-431 BC), King Josiah (r. 519-488 BC) of Judah and Nebuchadnezzar (r. 488-445 BC) lived at the same time. Heifetz's redating of Persian history is helpful if we adjust it by 40 years. The Battle of Kadesh (Carchemesh) occurred in 488 BC.

                    The Battle of Meggiddo of Thutmose III (Shishak) (r. 851-797 BC) occurred in 829 BC when King Rehoboam was King of Judah (r. 834- 817 BC). Queen Hatshepsut (r. 852-829 BC) died just before this great Battle. Hatshepsut's sister was the Egyptian Queen of King Solomon. She (Nefrubity) took the Hebrew name of Naamah and she is called an Amonit which does not refer to the Ammonites but to the fact that she was a Priestess or Princess of Amun. Thutmose III returned with Queen-Mother Naamah (Nefrubity) and her young son Prince Siamun (Solomon). Thutmose III married Nefrubity and she took the name Meryte-Hatshepsut in honour of her older sister. Thutmose III adopted her son Siamun who was then given the name Amenhotep. Thutmose's son Amenemhat died around 826 BC and Amenhotep was made Crown Prince when he was 10 years old. In 817 BC Amenhotep II (r.817-791 BC) was made co-King with Thutmose when he was 18. He was about 44 years old when he died.


                Amenhotep II's son Thutmose IV reigned from (r.791-781 BC) in the time of King Asa of Judah (r.815-774 BC) and King Omri of Israel (Samaria) (r.784-771 BC). Thutmose's son Amenhotep III (r.781-743 BC) lived at the time of King Jehosaphat of Judah (r.774-749 BC), King Jehoram of Judah (r.749-741 BC), King Ahaziah (r.741-740 BC) and Queen-Mother Athaliah (r.740-735 BC). Amenhotep III was the father of the famous Akhenaten (r.743-726 BC) who tried to introduce an Egyptian form of the monotheism of his Davidic ancestors. Akhnaten may have been succeeded by his brother Smenkhare (r.726-723 BC). Smenkhare's son was the famous Tutankhamun (r. 723-713 BC) whose ydna test proved he was a grandson of Amenhotep III and belonged to R1b1a2 ydna. King Pygmalion or Pummay was King of Tyre in 734 BC and his sister Elissa (Dido) founded Carthage in 727 BC. The ancient writers state that Troy fell 37 years after the founding of Carthage which makes the fall of Troy about 690 BC.

               Tutankhamen's daughter Queen Neferneferauten (r.713-710 BC) reigned as the Sovereign with her husband Amenhotep-Huy King of Kush (a descendant of a son Zerah (Usersaset King's son of Kush) of Amenhotep II). Their son Kashta (r.710-695) was succeeded by his son Piye (Piankhi) (r.695-679). Piye was succeeded by his brother Shabaka (r.679-655). Shabaka was succeeded by his nephew Shebitku (r.655-639 BC) a son of Pharaoh Piye (Piankhi). Shebitku was succeeded by his brother Tarhaka (r.639-613 BC). Pharaoh Tarhaka was succeeded by his nephew Tantamani (r.613-605 BC). Tantamani was succeeded by his son-in-law Smendes (r.605-580) who was the son of Herihor and Hrere (daughter of Pharaoh Piye (Piankhi). Smendes' son (Neferkare) Amenemnisu (r.580-575) was succeeded by his cousin Psusennes (r.575-535 BC). King Hezekiah of Judah reigned from 605-576 BC and the Northern House of Israel under King Hoshea (Osee / Hauxia) around 600 BC were taken into exile and King Hoshea (also known as Huangdi or the Yellow Emperor because of his golden yellow blonde hair) fled into the far east to western China with some of his warriors and their families from the Tribes of Manasseh (R1a-Z93), Gad (O-M122) and Asher (O-M176). Around 580 BC the Assyrians attacked Jerusalem.

                    Psuennes's son Amenemope (r.535-526 BC) and was succeeded by Siamun (Solomon) Aramatleko of Kush (Nubia) as Pharaoh (r.526-506) who married Pharaoh Psusennes's daughter Maatkare Amanitakaye (Makeda). Her son Maloneken (Menelik) is the famous Menelik of Ethiopian legend and founder of the Solomonic Dynasty. Osorkon I Chief Prince of the Milesians was married to Psusennes (II) High Priest of Amun's daughter Maatkare whose mother was Hennuttawi the daughter of Siamun and Maatkare. Osorkon I is also the Milesian and Davidic Prince of the House of Nathan called Cosam.

               Rameses I's father was Prince Seti of Sais (b.580 BC) who was the son of Pharaoh Amenemnisu (son of Pharaoh Smendes son of Herihor High Priest of Amun). Herihor was the son of Amenhotep (Amenemopet) the Viceroy of Kush the son of Paser the Viceroy of Kush who was a brother of Pharaoh Kashta. Their father Amenhotep-Huy was the King or Viceroy of Kush (son of Thutmose of Kush, son of Merymose (Mermose) of Kush, son of Amenhotep of Kush son of Usersatet (Zerah) the King's Son of Kush, son of Pharaoh Amenhotep II (Prince Siamun/ Solomon) of Egypt.

               The Milesians were known as the Meshwesh and the Mu (or Ma) and Velikovsky mentions them as the Temehu as distinct from the Tehenu the dark curly haired inhabitants of Libya. The name of Libyan or Libo for the Temehu (Mu/ Meshwesh/ Ma) is because of their blonde hair and blue eyes which was associated with the Moon. Libo and Libyan comes from the Semetic word for white Laban and moon Lebanah. Queen Hatshepsut had red blonde hair and Rameses II had red hair. Other members of the Theban Dynasty had either red or blonde hair as found on an examination of their mummies. Scientific tests have also proved that Seti I the father of Rameses II also had Red hair as did Pharoah Mernptah II Siptah. It would seem that King David's red hair was passed down genetically to his Egyptian descendants. Hatshepsut was the Queen of Sheba (Sheva) and the Egyptian pronunciation for Thebes is also Shiwa (Sheva or Sheba). Thebes in Egypt was a settlement of the Meshwesh (Milesians/ Mu /Tehemu/ Libyans).

              Recent ydna testing on the Pharoah's of the Theban (Sheba) Dynasty demonstrated that they were of R1b1a2 ydna which surprised many but confirmed for me the Davidic ancestry of the Theban Dynasty and the ideas of Velikovsky. Initially many thought this R1b was only found in Western Europe, However there has been further studies to demonstrate the Middle Eastern origin of R1b and its presence even today in many groups. Irish accounts have always claimed that their ancestors came as Milesians from Egypt. The Irish monks in an attempt to outdo Manetho stretched this event back to the time of Moses. However it was in the 3rd century that the Milesians en masse of R1b-L21 ydna left Egypt and North Africa for Spain and Portugal. After a short stay in Spain (Iberia/ Brigantia) they once again en masse set sail for the British Isles. One group known as the Beredi or Briganti settled in Britian to which they gave its name. At the time of the Roman invasions the Brigantes were the leading tribe of Britain and the Milesians of Ireland were also known as the Heberi from which Ireland took the name of Hibernia.

                    This reconstruction of ancient history owes much to Velikovsky however it differs from him in some major areas. Velikovsky did a great job on seeing the repetitions and mirror images in Egyptian chronology but it was Heifetz who saw them in Persian history coming from a different approach to Velikovsky. Once Egyptian and Persian history are realigned then the ideas of both the Minimialist and Maximist schools of Israelite historiography become redundant and the historical verity of the Bible is confirmed.


                It would seem that recent testing of the DNA of the mummy of Tutankhamun and the mummies of other 18th Dynasty royals have demonstrated that Tutankhamun and his grandfather Amenhotep III belong to R1b1a2 a haplogroup found commonly in Western Europe. This has caused a great upset in certain circles. However those who accept the revision of Egyptian history suggested by the Jewish genius Immanuel Velikovsky should not be surprised. It would seem that Zahi Hawass is also hiding more results that don't fit with accepted Eygptologists theories. Reading through all the discussions it would seem that there is a break in the Y-dna of the 18th Dynasty. One article on Wikipedia states that the dna evidence shows Thutmose III is not the son of Thutmose II. However reading the study the article references this doesn't seem to be what it says. However I do believe there may be a break in the y-dna line and that Amenhotep II is not the natural son of Thutmose III but his relative and adopted son.

                  Velikovsky and Isaac Newton stated that Thutmose III was the Pharaoh Shishak mentioned in the Bible who sacked Jerusalem in the 5th year of the reign of King Rehoboam the son of King Solomon. Velikovsky also in his book "Ages in Chaos" associated the Queen of Sheba with Queen Hatshepsut who was the aunt, step mother and regent for Thutmose III. Egyptologists state that Thutmose II who was the husband of Hatshepsut was also the father of Thutmose III by another wife Iset. We know that Queen Hatshepsut had a sister Nefrubity who disappears from Egyptian history and is assumed to have died young by many Egyptologists. However some who follow Velikovsky believe that she was the Royal Egyptian wife of King Solomon. I propose that Amenhotep II (Prince Siamun) is in fact the young cousin of Thutmose III who was brought back to Egypt with his mother at the time of his raid on Egypt and with the death of his own son Amenemhat made him his heir. Thutmose III married his aunt who now took the name Hatshepsut-Merytre in honour of her older sister. Thus Amenhotep II became the step son of Thutmose III. Amenhotep II's brother (or nephew) may have been Yuya also a son (or grandson) of Solomon (who was also called Yedidiya) and his Egyptian wife. Amenhotep II was married to his cousin Tia (Tamar)the beautiful daughter of Prince Absalom of Israel.

                    Thus Amenhotep II and his descendants are of the same y-dna as the Davidic Royal House. Elsewhere I have discussed the Davidic y-dna as R1b1a2-L21.  R1b-L21 is the y-dna of the Davidic Princes of the Davidic House of Nathan. R1b-M269 (R1b1a2) which is ancestral to R1b-L21 may be found among other branches of the Davidic House without L21. It is therefore interesting that the y-dna of Tutankhamun, his father (some believe his father was Akhenaten others his brother Smenkare) and grandfather Amenhotep III are R1b1a2. Amenhotep II also had a son called Userstatet the King's Son of Kush who may have been the Zerah the Cushite (Ethiopian) of the Bible. It is also possible that he was the ancestor of the Ethiopian Solomonic Dynasty. Userstatet's father is also called Siamun which is the Egyptian version of Solomon. Bathsheba the mother of Solomon was the daughter of Prince Siamun of Egypt (called Ammiel in Hebrew) and she called her son after her father. Egyptologists list Siamun as the brother of Amenhotep I. Also at this time there was a Lector-Priest called Siamun whose mother was called the chantress Amenhotep. Bathsheba's father Siamun converted to the Israelite faith and took the name Ammiel or Eliam. The pagan son of Amon (si-amun) becomes part of the People of God (ammiel). Bathsheba as a daughter of convert parents from the Egyptian Royal family firstly marries the converted Hittite General Uriah. Solomon as a son of a mother of Royal Egyptian origin is considered a suitable husband for Pharoah's Daughter. It is also possible that Lady Tuya (the wife of Lord Yuya) was a daughter of Lord Menna and his wife Princess Henuttawi. Lord Menna was the yibum grandson of Prince Nathan of Israel (a full brother of King Solomon his biological grandfather). Menna's tomb can be found in Egypt.

                   Hatshepsut is identified as the Queen of Sheba who is also called the Queen of the South and Queen of Egypt and Ethiopia. She in fact was the High Queen and Priestess of an advanced southern hemisphere Empire that included Southern Africa, Australia, South America and India. She was a cousin of Bathsheba the Queen Mother of Israel and Tamar Queen of Geshur. This Empire was known as the Red Empire (Rhoda /Rudra /Ruda /Riata/ Ruadh). The city of Rhoda in North America is named for this Empire as is Dal Riata in Ireland and Scotland. It was also known as Mu, Lemuria, Amu, Marutz as it was settled by descendants of Aram. The name Rudra is associated with Mars and is one of the Hindu Gods and the name Marutz is the origin of the name Mars (Ares). The Celtic God Rudiobus is also associated with Mars.

               The greater Australian continent was bombarded with missiles (meteors? rocket bombs?) from some celestial events involving Mars the red planet. The red dust of inland Australia reminds one of the red planet. The South West of Western Australia was the Land of Kedar and the Kedarites later settled in Arabia. It is from here that the Kedarites famous frankincense came made from the Australian Sandalwood tree. The Kedarite Queens of Arabia were descended from these Queen-Priestesses of Dinah (Diana/ Dana).

                 The gold bearing central and Northern Western Australia is called Sheba and Dedan. For a long period Western Australia (which was larger before the cataclysmic events sunk much of the coastlands into the sea) was separated from Arabia and India by a volcanic wall of fire in a strait called the Sabbaton. The black aborigine population of Australia were descendants of Ham's called Sheba and Dedan. Later the white sons of Joktan settled in Sheba and Dedan and this was the first home of Job (called Uz or Oz). Uz was a son of Aram. The port city of Ophir (Perth) was also in south-west Australia in the region called Send or Sheba (Australia/ Punt) while the Northern part which was connected to Sri Lanka and Indonesia was called Hend (Havilah). It is also possible that the fiery Sabbaton River was the water separating Hend and Send. Some of the 10 lost tribes headed south from Iran (possibly via India and its southern land bridge now under the water)and settled in Western Australia (original Kedar) around 400 BC joining the remnants of the Ephraimite Phoenician /Egyptian colonists whose Empire had been destroyed by the conflict with Mars mentioned by Velikovsky. Further destruction occurred around 540 AD when some kind of meteors hit off the Northern coast of Australia ushering in the Dark Ages in Europe and the end of the Arthurian Empire (see 
King Arthur and the Comet).

                      Hatshepsut was the daughter of Queen Ahmose who married the Egyptian Pharaoh called Thutmose I. Ahmose was the daughter of Shiva (Rudra/Kedar/Kedarnath)who was remembered in India as a God and his wife Makeda (also known as Chandika /Kandake). The Ephraimite Phoenicians and Egyptians had settled in Western Australia before 1400 BC were ruled by their Queen -Priestesses of the daughters of Dinah and Asenath and a Zerahite Egyptian Governor descended from Hemon. Shiva was this Royal Governor or King of Kedar/Sheba descended from the Red Branch of Zerah-Judah (Dyeus /Zeus /Jupiter).

            Using the actual germline ydna rates found in R1b families and also taking into account Immanuel Velikovsky's redating of King Tutankhamen's Dynasty to the ninth century BC fits the evidence of a later date much better. This is confirmed by the Radio Carbon datings of artifacts in Tutankhamen's tomb. As Velikovsky wrote: "...In 1971, or seven years later, the British Museum processed palm kernels and mat reed from the tomb of Tutankhamen. The resulting dates, as Dr. Edwards, Curator of the Egyptian Department of the British Museum, wrote to the University of Pennsylvania radiocarbon laboratory, were -899 for the palm kernels and -846 for the mat reed...".

           Thus I would date R1b1a2 to between 3,000-4,000 years ago in Ancient Israel. I would also date its parent R1b to about 4000 years ago. A large grouping of R1b1a2 moved in to the Caucasus Mountain region of Assyria about 2,500 years ago and from here moved in different waves into Europe across the Russian (Scythian) steppes. Tutankhamun received his R1b1a2 dna from King Solomon (who married an Egyptian Princess) who lived about 150 years before Tutankhamun according to Velikovsky. This does not mean that Tutankhamun looked like a red-haired Scotsman or like his red-haired ancestor King David. However in the mummies of this dynasty there is evidence of red and blonde hair in the Royal family and their ancestors. One's racial features come from the mix of all one's ancestors not just the ancestry of one's father's direct male line.

                 Thus Tutankhamun reigned from about 713-703 BC when King Joash was King of Judah. His grandfather Amenhotep III reigned from about 771-733 BC around the time of Kings Jehoshaphat and Jehoram of Judah. Akhnaten lived during the reigns of Kings Jehoram, Ahaziah and Joash as well as Queen Athaliah. Thutmose III who died around 787 BC in the reign of King Asa the grandson of King Solomon. Solomon's son by the Egyptian Princess Nefrubity (later Queeen Hapshepsut-Meryte of Egypt wife of Thutmose III)Amenhotep II (formerly Prince Siamun)reigned from about 807-781 BC. Amenhotep II's brother may have been Prince Yeh or Yeho who was the father of Lord Yuya (Yedidiya)) and Lady Mutemwiya (who married her cousin Thutmose IV).Thutmose IV (died c.771 BC) was the father of Amenhotep III.

                    Another of Amenhotep II's sons was Usersatet (Zerah) King's Son of Kush the ancestor of the later Kushite (Nubian) dynasty that ruled Egypt. Userstatet's mother was  Tiaa Nenunhermentes the daughter of Heman (Hermen) of the House of Zerah-Judah (a son of Gani (Ganesha/ Gindibu) the Royal Governor of Mu (Rhoda) of the House of Zerah-Judah) and Nenuna (Netuna) a daughter of Mattatha the yibum son of Prince Nathan (Narada) of Israel.

               Piye or Piankhi of the 25th Dynasty is the same person as Piankhi of the the 23rd dynasty. He reigned about 695-679 BC around the time of King Uzziah of Judah. His son Shabaka reigned from about 679-655 BC. Another son was Pinedjiem I of the so-called 21st Dynasty who was the High Priest of Amun and Thebes. Another son the Pharoah Tarhaka was the ancestor of the later Kings of Kush/Nubia beginning with his son Atlanersa who died around 592 BC. Piye or Piankhi was the son of the Kushite (Nubian) Kashta whose parents were Amenhotep-Huy King of Kush and Nefer daughter of Tutankhamun. Piankhi married Hrere the daughter of Horemheb (also identified with Herihor).

                      Rameses XI has been confused with Rameses I (Necho I). Tentamun (Tia-Sitre) daughter of the priest Nebseni married Rameses. Tentamun's grandmother was Tamosi (Tamar/ Tia). Tentamun was named in honour of Pharaoh Tantamani who reigned from about 613-605 BC. Their daughter Duathathor-Henuttawi married Pinedjem High Priest of Amun. Another daughter also called Tentamun (Tia-Sitre) married Smendes I of Lower Egypt. Pinedjem I's granddaughter Maatkare (daughter of Psusennes I High Priest of Amun) married Osorkon son of Shoshenk.

            After the reign of Tantamani Egypt was invaded by Libyan (Berber/ Meshwesh/ Milesian) tribesmen led by Shoshenk and he was succeeded by his son Orsokon who married the daughter of the High Priest of Amun. Egyptologists state: "...At some unknown point in his reign, Seti I defeated Libyan tribesmen who had invaded Egypt's western border. Although defeated, the Libyans would pose an ever increasing threat to Egypt during the reigns of Merenptah and Ramesses III. The Egyptian army also put down a minor “rebellion” in Nubia in the 8th year of Seti I. Seti himself did not participate in it although his Crown Prince, the future Ramesses II, may have...". It would seem that the Egyptologists as usual have totally muddled this dynasty and created shadow Pharaohs. The later so-called Pharaoh of the Libyan dynasties are in fact local rulers and High Priests of Thebes. These Libyan rulers descend from the Sokho or Sokar (Osorkon) and would seem to be connected to the Milesians in Egypt. The Battle of Kadesh in the time of Seti I (Psamtik) and Rameses II (Necho) was at the end of the reign of King Josiah of Judah.

           Rameses II's son was Seti II (also called Psamtik) who reigned from about 420-403 BC and was the father of Apries (who was also called Merenptah I and Hophra) who reigned from about 403-383 BC. As mentioned previously the so-called Rameses XI was in fact Rameses I. Rameses IX's mother was Princess Takhat a daughter of Merenptah II Sipta the son of Seti II Amasis reigned from 420-403 BC. Psamtik III (Seti III) may have been the Persian Governor of Egypt under Arsames according to Velikovsky.

                  Velikovsky identified Rameses III with Nectanebo I and his son Rameses VI with Nectanebo II.  It is also interesting that in the Gaelic Milesian legends the Pharaoh is also called Nectanebo the father of Scota (Sukkota / Asenath). Rameses III's mother was Queen Tia (Tamara) daughter of Prince Nilius of the Milesians and Princess Asenath (Sukkota/Isnetnofret) of Judah (daughter of Zedekiah). Asenath's sister Tamar (Tia)was the mother of Nathan the Red (Nuadha) who was also known as Rudamon and Nepherites (Nefaarud) who overthrew Persian rule in Upper Egypt around 400-395 BC in the reign of Ahaseurus (around 406-392 BC) the son of Darius the Mede and husband of Queen Esther. These daughters of Zedekiah fled to Egypt with Jeremiah the prophet after 460 BC. Rameses III's wife was also a Jewess called Asenath (Iset/Isis)whose mother may have been Tamar (Tia/Tyti/ Ta-Hemdjert) the wife of Nathan the Red. They were the parents of Rameses IV (Teos) and Rameses VI (Nectanebo II).

                   Cambyses's conquest of Egypt was around 410-405 BC. Cambyses was the son of Cyrus (reigned around 410-405). Confusion has resulted in the faculty datings of the Kings of Persia. There is no Cambyses I and II but one Cambyses who was the son of Cyrus (there is no Cyrus II either). Modern historians claim that there were 10 kings over 208 years whereas Rabbinic tradition says 4 kings over 52 years. The Libyan or Milesian rulers of Egypt battled against Persian rule and eventually most of the R1b descendants left Egypt for Libya (Morocco) and the western part of North Africa eventually settling in Spain for a time before moving to Ireland and Britain beginning in the 3rd century BC.
            The great City of Sheba may have been at the ancient mouth of the Fitzroy River (many miles into the present Ocean) in North-West Australia. At one time there was a merchant’s trade route that went directly south east from Sheba to Ophir. There was a settlement at Mt Newman and even in the early days of the British settlement there was a belief that a white tribe of aboriginals lived in this area and a number of sightings of white aboriginals were reported. Going further south east there was another settlement near Walga Rock near Cue.
            When the climate was wetter this area was very fertile with a huge Lake now called Lake Austin. In the early days of British Settlement this area was found to have a remnant of a white tribe as the aborigines of this area were tall, fairer skinned (with a yellow tinge rather than black or copper) and some of them had blonde hair and beards.  The Lake Austin settlement may have been part of the ancient inland Kingdom of Heber (its south western corner).  Its major centre being  at Lake Mackay. Or the Lake Austin site may have been a settlement in the Land of Ophir (in its far north eastern portion). South west from Ophir was the City of Kedar near the Gracetown/ Margaret River area of Western Australia.

                Others believe that a white tribe of aboriginals lived in the Karakin Lakes area just north of Perth and were transferred by the colonial government to the Irwin River area. This was linked to the famous story of the Dutch settlement and this may have been a white tribe descended from the Dutch rather than the ancient Israelite-Egyptian-Phoenician inhabitants. Governor Stirling was concerned with the discovery of these white survivors and ordered Lieutenant Dale to investigate other places of rumoured white aboriginal settlements.  Lieutenant Robert Dale also followed other tales of white aboriginal settlements to Talbot River and then north-east to Lake Austin. The white aboriginals at one stage also had a settlement in the Talbot River area near Beverley and York but by the 1830's they had been either massacred or moved on by the Nyungar. It would seem Robert Dale found some remnants of this tribe of white aboriginals (who also had some black aboriginal ancestry at this stage) at Talbot River. They told him of a further white settlement to the north east of Talbot River where there was a great inland lake (or sea).

            Maslen's map drawing on ancient accounts demonstrates that there may have been a huge River and water way beginning at the ancient mouth of the Fitzroy River at the King Sound. However his map may be out of proportion as it is likely that the area of Lake Mackay was part of the inland Sea. Ships could sail down the ancient River of Sheba (Thebe/ Theba) to the Capital City of the Land of Heber in the middle of Australia in the region of Lake Mackay. Lake Mackay itself was once part of the so-called Eromanga Sea (Yam Radod/ Rhadod) that covered much of inland Australia. Maslen must have had access to an older map of Australia from before 1530 when the mouth of the Fitzroy River was a couple of hundred miles further north-west in the Timor Sea which showed this water way and Inland Lake or Sea. He then tried to fit this detail into the post-1530 shape of Australia which moved the waterway and Inland Sea (Lake Mackay) too far east. Charles Sturt the great seeker of the Inland Sea in the 19th century believed that it had dried up recently due to a cataclysmic event.


  Originally before the disasters around the years 1400-1300 BC it was possible to travel to Punt (Australia) by land. During the reign of the Josephite Dynasty of Thebes (Sheba) the land came under Egyptian rule. However the Ancient Ethiopian Book of "The Conflict of Adam and Eve" tells us that Sheba was ruled by a long line of 60 Queens until the time of Solomon. This line of Queens began with Milkam or Milka the first High Queen of Eridu (Rhoda/ Ares/ Mars/ Marutz) whose mother was the Prophetess Yiskah the Priestess of the Rose (Shoshan). The Hebrew word for Queen is Malcah that derives from this word.

            The story of Nehesi (Nathan) (aged 17), Senmut (Solomon)(aged 23) and Thutiy (Thutmose II) going to Punt (Australia) together is not in the ninth year of Hatshepsut's reign – however the 9th year may be the year she is relating the story on her Temple at Thebes. Or more likely it is telling how when she was 9 years old in 863 BC she travelled with King Solomon and his younger brother Prince Nathan and her half-brother Prince Thutiy (Thutmose II) to the Land of Punt to visit her grandparents. Hatshepsut (Hephzibah) remained in Punt (Ophir) where she married Prince Nathan who became the Royal Governor of Kedar at first under the authority of the Paruhu (Pharaoh) known as Shiva (Sheba) and Rudra (Rhoda) [after the places that he ruled but also called Mahadeva and Para Matman (Mattata)] and the High Queen (Ati) Chandika. The name 'Pharaoh' for the King of Egypt only started to be used at this time.

            Solomon returned to Jerusalem from the Southern continent in about 860 BC. Around 857 BC Nathan died and Hatshepsut (Hephzibah) came from the ends of the earth in Western Australia to visit King Solomon and to fulfil the law of yibum. Hatshepsut then moved to Egypt where she had two children to Solomon. Damien Mackey believes that Solomon (Senenmut) was in Egypt during the 7th, 9th and 16th years of Hatshepsut's reign.

            Modern Scientists have discovered the richness of natural life of the area they call Sunda or Sundaland. This is also seen as the homeland of the ancient Hindu (Hend) culture and religion. There is even an "Out of Sundaland" population theory. However the ridiculous datings of the evolution theorists distort the evidence.

            We know that Velikovsky mentions that the population of the Land of Punt (which we link to Mu) was Caucasian (Mu/ Milesians / Meshwesh) with also black people (Kushites). Ancient sources link this area of Ophir with Reu the ancestor of Abraham from which the name of Pa Reu (Pharaoh) or House of Reu developed. In the time of Reu and Job the Ice Age hit the Northern Hemisphere and drove the population South into the Lands of Mu. The Ice Age hit about 200 years after the Flood possibly due to the cooling of the Oceans and reached its maximum over a 100 to 150 year period when the human population headed South. Or it may have been caused by the events caused by the events surrounding the destruction of the tower of Babel. They established an advanced civilisation in the Southern lands (Sundaland) and it was from this Eastern homeland known as Sephar, a mountainous region, that the Kushites and some of the Hebrews first settled in Mesapotamia.  The Ice Age in Europe continued until about 1500 BC according to Velikovsky. Punt (Australia) is also the original homeland of the ancient Phoenicians and Hebrews. During the time of the Josephite Dynasties of Egypt many of the Israelites resettled in the southern lands of Mu under the leadership of the Zerah-Judaites and the Manasseh and Ephraim Josephites before the Exodus. The Josephite Theban Royal family, the Phoenician Hiramites and the Davidic Kings reestablished contact with Mu (Indonesia and Australia).

            When the Assyrians took the Israelites into captivity many of them were placed in the North and from there they moved into the Russian Steppes (Europe and Eurasia) around 500-400 BC. However another large group of Israelites and Judaites were placed in the south-east of the Assyrian Empire in the "mountains of Media". These southern Israelites who followed a paganised version of the Hebrew faith left the Assyrian Empire and fled east heading for the Egyptian-Hebrew-Phoenician colonies in the Southern continent. While part of the Tribe of Gad (Kadai) went to Australia with the tribe of Reuben and half Manasseh another group of the Tribe of Gad called the Hani or Chani (Chin) went with the Tribe of Asher and the Manassehite King Osee (Hoshea/ Huaxia/ Yellow Emperor) of Samaria (Israel) into western China around 600 BC. The original Han Chinese are mostly of this O-M122 clan of Gad. King Osee was known as Susanoo to the Japanese. He married Princess Kushi the daughter of the Prince of Asher (Nasi Asher/ Ashi-nadzuchi) and his wife Amahterasu (Amah-Te) the daughter of the Queen Mother of the West, Hephzibah of Judah (Hsi-wang-mu/ Izanami), and her husband King Hezekiah of Judah (Izanagi). Queen Kushi's brother Prince Ame of Asher (Ashi/ Oshi) was the ancestor of Jimmu the first Japanese Emperor (c.400 BC). 
            The Sabbaton was the volcanic strait that separated Australia from Asia. The name of Sabah is a memory of this volcanic Sabbaton Strait or River. While much of northern Mu had already gone under the water in 535 AD, Ophir and the cities in the south still existed even though the continent may have already been starting to dry up and become more desert-like. Scientists from the University of Western Australia claimed that the Swan River once carried a huge volume of water and that the weather in the past was much wetter. It would seem that some of the coastline of Western Australia may have fallen into the Ocean around 535 AD when a huge heavenly object struck Northern Australia and created the Dark Ages in Europe.

            It would seem that the Neleus  (Nilius/ Nimlot/ Eliezer) who founded the city of Miletus around 600 BC was from Mu (Kingdom of Kedar in Australia). He is called a son of Kodros who is said to be the last king of Athens. In reality Kodros refers to Kedar in the southern continent from where he came to Egypt and then Greece. His father was King or Prince Jorim of Kedar.  The original concept of the militia comes from these Nathanite Princes from Australia. The original "militia" was made up of eleven (hoi hendeka) Davidic Nathanite Princes or Captains and their armed men or servants were known as the Nethinim (hyperetai). A group of these "Milesians" went to Athens and established this militia structure there.

               It is on the ships of the Milesians that many of the R1b Israelites would move from Mu to Libya and Western Egypt. His descendant was the Milesian Chief Prince of Mu in Egypt called Elmadmam or Shoshenk (Shashank). Shashank is a Sanskrit word meaning "moon" and both Mu and Libu mean 'moon'. His son Osorkon (Socho) was also called Cosam who was the father of Nathaniah (Elnathan/ Nathaniel) and Takelot I Addi.

             Nathaniah with his armed servants the Nethinim (Nathanim) settled in Jerusalem in the reign of King Josiah and they re-embraced Judaism. His daughter Nehushta married Josiah's son King Jehoiakim and she was the Queen-Mother of Judah when her son Jeconiah briefly ascended the throne. Queen Nehushta was taken by Nebuchanezzar to Babylon with her son. However she seems to have escaped or left Babylon and gone to Egypt and married her cousin Osorkon II Chief Prince of Mu (Milesians/ Prince of Thebes) in Egypt. This second Osorkon was also called Melchi or Milad. King Jeconiah after 37 years in a Babylonian prison was released and set on his own throne as a King or Exilarch over the Jews of the East.

            At this time King Zedekiah's daughter Asenath ha Yafa (called Isnetnofret) who was about 20 years of age married King Jeconiah. However the marriage was childless and she then according to the laws of yibum married his half-brother Nilius (Neri/ Niall/ Nimlot) the son of Osorkon II Melchi (Milad) and Queen Nehushta (Djedmutsenakh). Her yibum son was called Shealtiel who then became the second Exilarch of Babylon. Queen Nehushta's symbol was the Nehushtan (Bronze Serpent emblem) which became the emblem of her descendants among the Milesians. Queen Nehushta was also the mother of Seti II (Psamtik II) the Pharaoh of Egypt and of Takelot II Chief Prince (Nasu/ Nasi) of the Mu in Egypt.
            In late June 2013 it was reported in the media that a famous Western Australian geologist, Phillip Playford, has found evidence that Western Australia has been hit by Tsunamis in the past. A number of years ago I came to the understanding that Western Australia once had a Caucasian white civilisation (Egyptian-Israelite-Phoenician) and the population dwelt mainly in cities on the coast. These cities are now under the water. The disasters occurred around 1400-1550 AD when the last of the Israelite Tribes fled to Arabia across the Indian Ocean after the cataclysmic events of 1530. These disasters include a huge series of earthquakes and a Tsunami. Cardinal Moran in his book about Pedro Fernandez de Queiros discovering Australia mentions the huge earthquakes then occurring (1606) in an obviously geologically volatile Australia which caused the natives to leave the Gladstone area and move further north (these natives we today call the Torres Straits Islanders). Other more Inland aborigines (who entered Australia post 1530) moved over the mountains and settled in this area just before British discovery and settlement.

            David Reubeni was part of this group who had fled from the Southern Continent to Arabia (the lands of Islam). It was possible that they fled to where Jiddah Island and Chobah in modern day Bahrain (this may have been a temporary stopping place for these Israelites on leaving Australia, formally embracing Islam and heading for Afghanistan/ Pakistan). Dna evidence confirms that a clan of the Tribe of Manasseh (ydna R1a-M434) was present in Oman and Pakistan. However these lost Israelites were actually the remnant of the kingdom of Heber (Chobah/ Habor/ Hiver/ Theba/ Sheba) in Western Australia (Mu/ Sinim/ Sinus Magna/ Punt/ Greater Java). He wrote:

"I am David, the son of King Solomon (may the memory of the righteous be for a blessing), and my brother is king Joseph, who is older than I, and who sits on the throne of his kingdom in the wilderness of Habor, and rules over thirty myriads of the tribe of Gad and of the tribe of Reuben and of the half-tribe of Manasseh. I have journeyed from before the King, my brother and his counsellors, the seventy Elders. They charged me to go first to Rome to the presence of the Pope, may his glory be exalted. I left them by way of the hills, ten days’ journey...". 
                  The y-dna of both these ancient Australian groups of  Manasseh may be R1*M173 and Gad would most likely be O-119. David Reubeni was most likely a Wokou (Dwarf pirate). They were known in 16th century China and Japan and were mentioned even earlier. The Land of Punt (Ancient Western Australia) was known to the Egyptians as the land of dwarfs. In Hatshepsut's Temple the Queen of Punt is depicted with dwarfism. Pygmy Aboriginals were to be found in more recent times in Queensland and New Guinea. A French ship in 1803 claimed to have had an encounter with a 100 Giants at Shark Bay and others also write of Giants in Australia. It would seem that there may have been some mutations such as Giantism and dwarfism caused by the events that destroyed the cities of Eridu and Uruk (these are the Australian Eridu and Uruk not the ones in Mesapotamia).

            David Reubeni in 1522 traveled for ten days by land from Heber (Inland Australia) to Kedar (Jeddah/Jiddah/ Joppa) and then he sailed on the Indian Ocean (Red Sea) to Ethiopia (Africa). He landed at a Port in Tanzania (Zanzibar) then he joined an Arab caravan going to the Kingdom of Sennar (Ethiopian Sheba). It was a two month journey. The King there was called Omara or Amara and he stayed with the King at his capital city on the Blue Nile. He travelled up the Blue Nile to Egypt and eventually came to Europe. After many adventures with the Pope and Kings, Jews and Conversos he disappeared from Europe in 1524. He next appeared in Afghanistan. Recently I read an article giving some proof  that Australia and Tanzania were connected back as far as 900's AD by the  discovery of two coins on the Wessell Islands from the Kilwa Sultanate in Tanzania.

            David Reubeni (known as the Pashtun folkhero Daoud Roubani) heard about the Benjaminite (Q y-dna among the Pashtuns) ruled kingdom in Afghanistan and he made an alliance with them and the remnants of his people moved into Asia (the R1a y-dna among the Pashtuns) and they nominally at least embraced the Muslim faith. The ancestors of the Khazars (R1a and Q ydna/ Tribes of Manesseh (Chabars/Khazars) and Benjamin (Sinimites)) had earlier left the Southern continent in the 3rd century AD along with the Naphtalites (N -ydna) and Kidarites (from Kedar/ Middle Eastern R1b found today among Kurds, Armenians and Syrian Jews). The Benjaminite component among them was named Sinim (Southlanders) but were later confused with the name and Tribe of Simeon. David Reubeni's own tribe of Reuben (R1b U152/S28 y-dna) moved further north to Bashkorostan where their leader made an alliance with Czar Ivan the Terrible.

            I also wrote of an earlier medieval legend of the coming of an Eastern princess called Palomi (or Tami Mu) on a ship with her daughters to Spain as refugees from the disasters already beginning in Australia at that time in the 12th and 13th centuries.  She brought with her the 'Zohar' and Moses de Leon was one of her descendants as well as King Ferdinand of Spain. The famous medieval tales of Swan Ships arriving in Europe at the time of Charlemagne is connected to a Southern Empire that included the America and Australia (which was much bigger before a series of disasters sunk much into the sea and the climate changed and the continent dried up). R1*-173 y-dna found in natives of the America and Western Australia is another proof of this theory.

           It would seem that Playford from a scientific perspective has confirmed my ideas by stating that the last serious Tsunami hit Western Australia about 600 years ago. He also speaks of two earlier ones that he dates to 2900 years ago and 5000 years ago.


            "...Dr Playford said the tsunami deposits in WA were some of the biggest anywhere in the world and were probably from tsunamis that reached about 20m high with a run-up height of up to 35m. He said the biggest block he knew of, on Dirk Hartog Island, weighed about 700 tonnes. "That's been moved about 250m inland and 15m above sea level and the only way it could have been moved there is by a huge tsunami," he said. Dr Playford said the most recent tsunami deposits had been dated as from 2900 years ago and the oldest from more than 5000 years ago. "But there's one date that suggests as recently as 600 years ago," he said. "There clearly have been several tsunamis.".."
Playford speculates that one could have been caused by asteroids hitting the Indian Ocean. 

            "...It is not known what caused the tsunamis but Dr Playford has three theories about what could be responsible - movement along local faults, the impact of one or several asteroids in the Indian Ocean or landslides on the slope of the Continental Shelf. He said there was no telling when another tsunami of the same magnitude might hit WA. "If it hit today it would have catastrophic consequences . . . but it might be tomorrow or it might be 10,000 years, no one knows," he said..."


            Geophysicist Dallas Abbot claims that about  535 AD that an asteroid hit the Gulf of Carpentaria causing a huge Tsunami that caused the mini ice age in Europe.
            "...A giant meteorite that broke in two as it crashed off Australia, could have been responsible for a mini-ice age that engulfed Britain in 535AD. The claim was made by marine geophysicist Dallas Abbott at a meeting of the American Geophysical Union last month. She found evidence of two substantial impact craters in the Gulf of Carpentaria, off the northern Australian coast...However, Dr Abbott's research suggests the alternative theory. She found satellite measurements of sea levels pointed to two significant craters off Australia, which were 11 miles and 7.4 miles wide. According to National Geographic, she was led to the site by large v-shaped dunes along the coast, which she believes are evidence of a great tsunami triggered by a giant impact. Dr Abbott calculated that the original object must have been 2,000ft across. She also found that core samples from the area revealed material likely to have been melted and then blasted into the sky..."

            Much of the Australian Egypto-Israelite-Phoenician civilisation was destroyed at this time (around 535-540 AD) and much of the land fell in the sea. Many of these lost Israelites fled Australia at this time. Others that lived in the interior desert or wilderness Kingdom of Heber survived until the 16th century. The Polynesians tell of a story of a sunken homeland with 7 cities of Gold called Hiver which went under the water.

            Western Australia was hit on at least four occasions by huge Tsunamis and earthquakes. The one mentioned by Playford about 600 years ago would date somewhere between 1400-1550, when David Reubeni and his people decided to leave the Southern continent.  In fact it occurred in 1530. It was at this time that the Inland Sea (Yam Radod/ Shallow Sea) was cut off from the Ocean and dried up. (Radod (shallow) and Rhoda (red) are interconnected words coming from the description of this red gravelly shallow Inland Sea). In the earlier Tsunami, mentioned by Abbott as occurring around 535 AD, some of the coastal cities fell into the Ocean. The one Playford dates to about 900 BC I would date to around 600 BC just before a certain portion of the Lost Tribes of Israel moved to Australia and the time when a large portion of Kedar (the land west of Cape Leeuwin) fell into the sea and the Davidic (ydna R1b-L21) Mu or Ma (Meshwesh) moved to Egypt and Libya and established the Greek city of Miletus.

            The Tsunami that Playford places about 3000 BC I date to around 1500-1300 BC at the time of the Exodus from Egypt.  This was the time when the great Iron and Sandstone (Concrete) Pyramid of Eridu (Uluru/ Rhoda) and the City of Eridu (Kata Tjuta) were destroyed and the Inland Sea created. It was at this time that the Amu (Amalekites) of E ydna fled Eridu and Australia moving first to Arabia and then into Egypt and Africa as far as Morocco. Earlier the Amu of Eridu had destroyed the great Pyramid and City of Uruk (Buringurrah) at Mt Augustus in Western Australia. Many of the Amurru (Amorites) of Uruk then fled the Southern Continent for the Middle East around 1900-1800 BC. The Amurru (the people of Reu) were descendants of Reu. They were made up of two groups - the sons of Heber of F-y-dna and the sons of Joktan of C-M130 ydna.

            Among Western Australian Aborigines have been found R1*-M173 (throughout Western Australia and the Western Northern Territory) and O ydna (in the Kimberleys). These are remnants of Manesseh (R1*-M173) and Gad (O y-dna). Discerning Reuben (R1b -U152) is a problem. We know that a lot of Aboriginal males have R1b but researchers immediately assume that it is all due to European intermixing. There is a large amount of R1b among Western Australian aborigines and some researchers assume this is from Dutch  and Germans that were wrecked on the Western Australian coast. However some of the R1b especially of U152/S28 may be a remnant from the Reubenites. The same would be true of any remnants of R1b-L21 (Kedarites) in the South West of Western Australia. Researchers would be likely to just assume that all R1b-L21 found among Aboriginals was from British settlement. Any R1b-U106/S28 or I y-dna found among the Western Australian aborigines would most likely be from the Dutch and German sailors and soldiers on the wrecked Dutch ships.

            K* ydna is from Keturah's son Midian found among the Kenites who joined the Israelites and dwelt with Judah in the South (Negeb). They were metal workers or miners. Some of them remained among the Jews and are the K* found among the Sephardi Jews. They had their own priestly class which later was included with the Levites. Another group of K* went to Australia to mine the gold, silver and other precious metals and gems in the time of Solomon. They were known as the "servants of Solomon" and the Nathinim (Nethinim / Goldsmiths) as they remained in Western Australia with Prince Nathan and served the yibum Davidic House of Nathan as gold miners and smiths. A group of these Kenite Nethinim (with their Davidic Nathanite Lords) returned to Jerusalem and they later became special servants in the Second Temple under Ezra and Nehemiah. They were also part of the Temple police force lead by their Nathanite Lords who due to the Resurrection and Pentecost became Christians (Notzrim/ Nazarenes) and took the gospel back into the lands of the three Indias (India, Indonesia and Australia). These Christian Nethinim gave up their arms to become unarmed servants and bodyguards to some of the early Christian apostles. 

               Some of K* also left the southern continent with the Khazars of Manesseh and entered the Ashkenazi Jewish population with the R1a Manessehite and Q Benjaminite Khazars. It would seem that the Benjaminite Kingdom was in the lands on the north east of Australia that sunk into the sea forcing many of the Benjaminites (Q ydna) to go to the Americas. These K* Kenites intermarried with the black descendants of Joktan and this is one of the most common male haplogroups among Australian aborigines. Hopefully further development in dna research will enable us to distinguish the different origins of these groups more clearly.

            A 100 year old piece of hair from a "full blood" Aboriginal from the South-West of Western Australia was tested for both Y-dna and Mt -dna. His male ydna shows that he is K* ydna and thus a Kenite. His maternal mt-dna is of O mt-dna which is a branch of R0 (from which also H and V mt-dna descend). O mt-ydna branched off from R after 800 BC and represents the continuing Australian lineage of the High Queens of Rhoda (Mu) and Queens of Mani Mu (the people of Manesseh). Alice the Aboriginal Queen of the Mannum may have been the last known leader of the remnant of Manesseh (Mani Mu). She was probably a Queen of the Amangu.

            The last of the white (or almost white) Aboriginal Kings of the Lake Austin area was Soli Mu who passed himself off as an Afghan Cameleer at Cue in Western Australia called Sulaiman Arsal Din the son of Dodu Mu (David) and Alice (Queen Dini). Queen Dini (Alice) was the daughter of Tami or Timi (Ati Mu (Meeuk/Mia)/ High Queen of Mu (Moon)). Tami's mother Queen Dini or Dani (b. circa1780) was the last of the 'white' Aboriginal Queens of the Talbot River area (near Beverley and York) who was wife to Jerong the Chief or King of the Nungars. Dini (Dinimia/ Djinimia)) and Jerong were the parents of Rubu (Robu) Dina (Dinah) whose son was King George (Jerong ) Dinah the Colonial-government recognised King of the Noongars. On King George Dinah's death in 1926 (some sources say 1923) his son became King Robert Beaufort Dinah in an official installation ceremony. He was the last of the government -recognised Noongar Kings and he died in 1962.

            The Amangu language of the mid 19th century was a mixture of Nhanda and Noongar with the original Amangu or Rubanu (Lubanu) language. Like French the Amangu have a tendency to drop the pronunciation of the last letter.  The Aboriginal Dann families are descendants of Queen Dini (b.c.1780) or one of her predecessors.

            The Dodd family which is found among many aboriginal groups in Western Australia, South Australia, the North Territory and Queensland are the remnants of the descendants of the Davidic Kings. The name Dodd coming from David, Dovid, Daoud, Dodu. Some of the Afghans in Australia in the 19th century were returning remnants from the Tribes who had left in the 16th century for Afghanistan/ Pakistan. Some of the white aboriginals (or almost white) passed for Afghans, others claimed to be French or Spanish or Indian. Others who were more white just assimilated into the Anglo white community and hid their past identities. Many of the Dodd and Dann families are descendants of Sulaiman Arsal Din or his father King (Parahu) Dodu (David) or his grandfather King Solu Meeuk (Solomon).

            The so-called French sailors and whalers Louis Langoulant and Charles Tondut came to Perth in the late 1830's with a story of their having left the L'Harmonie at Albany and then walked to Perth. They may have been the last survivors of a secret French settlement in South-West Western Australia. Louis may have been born in Western Australia and his father Jean Charles Langoulant could have married one of the daughters of King Jerong and Queen Dini called Queen Tami Dinah of the Talbot River area (Balardung/ Bolgart).

            Later around 1832 Lieutenant Dale and his party took two of the younger sisters (or nieces) of Tami called Merri and Alli due to their lighter features to Perth. Merri was reared by the King family as their daughter after the recent death of their daughter Mary Ann (about 7 years old). She took the name and identity of the dead daughter Mary Ann. She later married her cousin Louis Langoulant in 1842. Merri's older sister Alli or Elli (aged 15) became the wife of a settler whose own wife had just died. She assumed the identity of this dead wife as Jane and reared the young children of  her new husband along with their own children. Jane (Alli) and her husband Daniel were later to take up land in the Talbot River area with their children. Louis Langoulant married another young relative Hannah Rogers (b.1865). 


                     As mentioned above a French ship in 1803 claimed to have had an encounter with a 100 Giants at Shark Bay and others also write of Giants in Australia. The 16th century Portuguese maps show an Isle de Geants (Island of the Giants) in the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and Western Australia. If one looks at google earth it is clear that the land has now sunk under the sea. It would seem that the Tsunamis and earthquakes of the 16th century sunk these lands into the sea and a remnant of the Giants settled in the Shark Bay area where the French encountered them in 1803. Marco Polo (in Book III) calls this island Condur. Marco Polo describes Condur as about 700 miles south-southwest of the island continent of Greater Java (Australia) from the port city of Greater Java (which would probably been at Sheba near the King Sound). Greater Java the Island continent is rich in trade goods (this was before its coast line fell into the sea) and was ruled by a great King. Around 1293 Kublai Khan sent an expedition to conquer Greater Java and was roundly defeated and lost 3000 men.

            South of Condur was the Island of Sondur which also went under the Ocean around either 1320 AD or 1530 AD. The only remnants of Sondur are the Ile d'Amsterdam and the Ile de Paul. Marco Polo then states that 500 miles South of Sondur is the lands and islands of the Kergeulen Plateau or Catigara. The Port city called Catigara was in Australia (Sinus Magna) from where travellers and merchants departed for Catigara (Kergeulen). The first Kingdom mentioned by Marco Polo in the 13th century is in the North of the Kerguelen Plateau is the Kingdom of Soucat or Locac. In this kingdom are found many riches including elephants. The Island of Kergeulen is the last remnant of Locac/ Soucat. The Island of Pentam to the south of Locac (Northern Keuguelen) is covered with scented trees. Then for a further 90 miles is the Island of Malaiur (Pentam and Malaiur are in the Central Kergeulen Plateau).

                A 100 miles to the south of Pentam Island is the Island of Java the Less (the Portuguese later named Java in Indonesia and Malaya after this description in Marco Polo). Java the Less is only less in comparison to Java the Great. Marco Polo states that it is 2000 miles around it. It is in southern Kergeulen Plateau (Elan and Banzarre Banks). It is divided into 8 kingdoms ruled by 8 kings.

            One of these kingdoms was Ferlec whose coastal people had converted to Islam while the inland people remained pagans and were cannibals. The next Kingdom he describes is called Basma and the people are also wild pagans and they have elephants and rhinoceroses (what he calls unicorns). They consider themselves to be subjects of Kublai Khan but are actually independent. They also have monkeys and even a trade in fake pygmies which are monkeys that are plucked and sold as pygmies according to Marco Polo. The next Kingdom is called Samara and also claims to be subject to the Great Khan and its people are wild pagans and cannibals. Polo states again that from this land the North Pole Star cannot be seen nor the constellation of Arcturus (Meistre).

            The next kingdom Dragoian is also ruled by sorcerers and practice cannibal rituals. Then there is Lambri and Fansur plus two lands that Marco Polo didn't visit on the other side of the Island. Marco Polo left Lambri and headed 150 miles north to a small island inhabited by wild naked people. It is called Nercuveran. This island also has another sister island nearby where these people also live.

            There seems to be a break in the story here and the writer than goes on to talk about the Andaman Islands which Polo calls Angamanain (which may have been a single island in those days). He obviously sailed from Nercuveran to the Andaman Islands. There was either a current that at this time took one direct to the Andamans or Polo didn't wish to repeat the details of a return trip. Here the people have heads that look like dogs to Polo. He then travels a thousand miles west (slightly south) to a large island called Seilan (Ceylon) that was once a bigger island that had fallen into the sea. The King of this island is called Sendemain. It is also abundant in rubies and others gems. They tell of an ancient hero called Sagamoni Borcan (Buddha) in a time before they embraced idolatry who was a saint. His shrine is on a high mountain. The Muslims believe it is the Sepulchre of Adam. From there Polo travelled to India (the First India)
.
Much of the history of South East Asia before 1530 is confused due to the cataclysmic events of that time and the movements of many peoples and nations that lived in the Islands of the Southern part of the Indian Ocean. These nations reestablished themselves in South East Asia. Many of these Islands had been conquered in the early 11th century by Rajendra (Alexander) the Great of Chola. They were subject to the Cholan King as the Lord Emperor of the Three Indias.


                   For example the island known as Soucat (Sukhothai) or Locac (situated on the northern part of the Kerguelen Plateau) was settled by a group of the Tribe of Gad (O-M119 ydna) from Australia (Java La Grande). In the 12th century it had been conquered by the Khmer King Suryavarman II. In the 13th century it was given to the Rhoden (Rubani) Prince Pha Mueang the son of King David I (Dodi) of the Rubani, Gadi and Mani who had married the Khmer King Indravarman II's daughter Princess Nang Sikhara Mahadevi. Pha Mueung rebelled against Khmer rule and gained independence for Sukhothai. He was also called Sri Indraditya. He made his son Khun Ban Muang the King of Sukhothai Island and Pha Meung established a Sukhothai colony in Northern Thailand in the middle of the 13th century. 

                Lesser Java was situated on the southern part of the Kerguelen Plateau. Marco Polo describes six of its kingdoms which were under Chinese overlordship but he did not visit the two kingdoms on the other coast of Java the Less as they were under the rule of the Kings of Greater Java (Australia and modern Java) under the overlordship of the Pandyan Emperors of the Three Indias. The two states on the other side of Java the Less (Minore) were the Hindu-Buddhist states of Srivijaya and Mataram (Medang). Often the terms of Western Java and Eastern Java are used which do not mean the two sides of the present Indonesian Java but Western Java means Java Minor (on the Kerguelen Plateau) and Eastern Java is pre-1530 Australia.

                      The Indonesian Java was, before 1530, part of Java La Grande. It was the north-west corner of Java La Grande separated from the rest by a harbour and a Great River (called the Rio Grande by the Portuguese). South of the Rio Grande was the Amazon controlled Kingdom called Sunda or Send with its captital of Sheba (Thebes). Indonesian legends tell of Nyi Loro Kidul the Queen or Goddess of the Southern Seas who was the spiritual guide and spouse to the Kings of Mataram. These amazon Queens lived on the Island Queendom of Sunda (Antarctica) which, before 1530, was hot with large dangerous serpentine creatures, according to the Portuguese as recorded on the Piri Reis map.

                  Srivijaya rose to become a great Empire in the 14th century in which it ruled over Mataram and the other states of Lesser Java. At this time Malaiur Island (in the central Kerguelen Plateau) also became part of the Srivijajya Empire along with Kedar (Kadaram). This Empire also established rule in India and is known as the Virajayanegara Empire there. The Srivijayan brothers Hakka and Bukka established Srivijayan rule over Karnataka in the 1330's and eventually their successors established Srivijayan rule over the whole of the former Hoysala Empire. Eventually they ruled the whole of Southern India. The brothers Hakka and Bukka were the sons of Raden Wijaya who was also called Sangramawijaya and Bhavana Sangama. They were half-brothers to Queen Tribhuwana (Dyah/ Dinah/ Diana) the Dowager Empress and Regent of the Three Indias and Queen of Majapahit (Kedar) and Queen Consort of Rhodan Heber (Rubani / Albani) and High Queen of the Amazons (Antarctica, Sunda/ Singhasari, Senna and Amazonia (Tapuyas)).

                   Archaeologists have found little evidence for the so-called Kediri and Majapahit Empires on Indonesian Java. The reason is they were situated at Kedar (Kadaram) in Java La Grande (Australia) which was situated on what is today called the Naturaliste Plateau off the south-west coast of Western Australia. The Majapahit and Srivijaya Empires are two names for the same Empire ruled by the Prester John Emperors/ Empresses of the Three Indias. In 1486 the Majapahit court moved to Indonesian Java to the Kedu Plain [named for their southern homeland Kedar (Kediri/ Kadaram)].

                   Solomon II (Soli) the Raden King of Java La Grande (Rubani, Gadi and Mani) made his eldest son Nararya (Nathan) Sangramawijaya the King of Srivajaya on Java the Less. He was known as Raden Wijaya. His father-in-law was the Ruler of Singhasari (Sunda) which included the Indonesian Java and the Sheban part of Sunda. This Kingdom of Singhasari was ruled by a Kenite Dynasty descended from Ken Arok. Malauir was also a Kenite settlement on the Kerguelen Plateau. The Kenite were miners of gold, silver and iron. Medang (Mataram/ Midian) was also a Kenite (K* ydna) settlement on Java the Less alongside Srivijaya (formerly called Bogha or Sribogha).

                    In the 11th century Airlangga a half Balinese and half Medangian Prince ruled Medang and Kediri. He divided them in 1045 between his two sons. One of his desendants on the Kediri throne Joyoboyo made a prophecy that Java La Grande would be ruled by a white race during three centuries followed by a yellow race for the duration of one planting of the crops prior to the return of Ratu Adil (the Righteous King). The Indonesians applied this prophecy to themselves when the Japanese arrived in World War Two. However it does not refer to Indonesia but to Australia (Java La Grande) which has had white rule over three centuries (18th to 21st). Could Australia be invaded by a yellow army in the near future? Does Ratu Adil refer to the Great Catholic Monarch or the return of Jesus of Nazareth?

Recent reports
 state that Antarctica had a warm climate like California and Florida in the past. Others report that it was once a tropical paradise. Old maps from the early 1500's show it ice free and the Piri Reis map has a note saying that the Portuguese didn't settle there because it was very hot and had dangerous animals. The evolutionary scientists say it was millions of years ago and others that it was 5,000  to 10,000 years ago. However the Piri Reis map confirms my own conclusion that Antarctica was warm and ice free only hundreds of years ago (pre 1530). Some of these 1500's maps show an ice free Antarctica closer to South America and evolutionary scientists say the same thing that the different land masses were once closer to each other except they speculate that they moved apart gradually over millions of years. What if the cataclysmic events of 1530 caused some lands in the Indian Ocean to sink but also moved others further apart?

                  It is interesting that Marco Polo described two large Islands called Condur and Sondur (Somobor of Sir John Mandeville) which were 700 miles (1,500 km) south-southwest of the port city of Java la Grande (Australia) (probably on the original coast of Western Australia near today's King Sound). Recently scientists have discovered these two sunken lands about 1,600 km west of Perth. They are found on the plateaus of the Batavia Knoll and Gulden Draak Ridge. They are 150 km apart. The evolutionary scientists claim they were above ground millions of years ago whereas Marco Polo and others reveal they were still above the sea in the 14th century AD.

                     Condur (Batavia Knoll) obviously sunk last as Portuguese maps of the 15th century have it on their maps as the Isle of the Giants. It would seem some of this Island remained after 1530 and is still recorded on maps in the 1550's and 60's as the Isle de Geants (Giants). The editor of Marco Polo removed anything from Polo's account that seemed too hard for many educated people to believe such as Giants and pygmies (in fact he says that the so-called pygmies are monkeys that are plucked). I originally found these sunken islands before I ever read of the scientist's discovery, by following the journey of Marco Polo as he had written his account, looking at the old maps, and at google earth. In fact it is only today that I learnt where the Batavia Knoll  and Gulden Draak plateaus were situated and was pleased to see they were where I had placed Marco Polo's Condur and Sondur.

             It is clear from Marco Polo that Java the Less is not to the north west of Java le Grande (Australia) but a long way to the south-west of Australia in a location at which one can no longer see the northern Polar stars or Arcturus. It is equally clear that this place near Antarctica was tropical just as scientists say Antarctica once was. Wikipedia states about the location of Java la Grande and Java the less that Marco Polo's account contained a scribal error. In fact there was no scribal error. 

Due to a scribal error in Book III of Marco Polo’s travels treating of the route southward from Champa, where the name Java was substituted for Champa as the point of departure, Java Minor was located 1,300 miles to the south of Java Major, instead of from Champa, on or near an extension of the Terra Australis.[2]
As explained by Sir Henry Yule, the editor of an English edition of Marco Polo’s travels: “Some geographers of the 16th century, following the old editions which carried the travellers south-east of Java to the land of Boeach (or Locac), introduced in their maps a continent in that situation”.[3]

                  In my writings I have placed the Land of Kedar in south-west Western Australia stretching out into what is called the Naturaliste Plateau. A recent study would seem to confirm my view that this is part of the continent that has sunk due to volcanic activity rather than purely an oceanic feature. In the past I thought it may have sunk about 600 BC when its populace (R1b-L21) left for Egypt and Libya. However looking at some old maps it would seem that it may not have sunk until 1530 in the cataclysmic events occurring at that time in the Indian Ocean.

The abstract states:

 The origin of the submarine Naturaliste Plateau off the southwestern coast of Australia is controversial; previous work supports both oceanic and continental affinities for the basement to volcanic and sedimentary sequences. We report the first evidence of reworked Mesoproterozoic (ca. 1230–1190 Ma) continental crust, based on laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry analysis of zircons from granite and orthogneiss samples dredged from the southern margin of the plateau. Thermobarometry of peak metamorphic minerals and electron microprobe chemical dating of monazite reveal that these igneous rocks were metamorphosed to ~700 °C and ~6.5 kbar during the Cambrian Pinjarra Orogeny at ca. 515 Ma. These data confirm a continental origin for a significant swathe of the southern Naturaliste Plateau, and suggest that the protoliths may have affinities to Mesoproterozoic crust within the Albany-Fraser-Wilkes Orogen (Australia-Antarctica). 

Helen Wallis writes in "Did the Portuguese Discover Australia?":

The Boke shows that by 1540, when Rotz was compiling his charts, Java- la-Grande had its place on the map as an accepted discovery. The author- ship of the large chart which Rotz was copying is not known, but it may well have been the work of Crignon, who, after the death of Jean Parmentier, was the leading cosmographer of Dieppe. His manuscript journal of Parmentier's voyage provides evidence that the Dieppe hydrographers learned about Java-la-Grande at Sumatra, 1529-30. He tells of a meeting with an inhabitant named Mocodon of the town of Oranchaie, who reported that two ships with men of rank, white men in the service of a great king, had come to trade there. When further questioned, Mocodon said that he had seen 'night in the sky'. This was evidently an eclipse of the sun, and would date the visit November 12th, 1528. Parmentier's men showed great interest in sailing on to 'Java', despite their commander's death, indicating that they had some special news of the region. A vote was taken, and by a majority of three or four the company elected to return to France. 
This would seem to indicate that the Great King of Australia (King Joseph) and its white inhabitants were still in Australia in 1528.

             At this time that the lands of the Kergeulen Plateau were in a warm climate. We also have the north coast of Antarctica on a map of 1513 (Piri Reis map) free of ice. It would seem that as recently as the Middle Ages, Antarctica, was free of ice. It would seem that the temperature in this part of the world changed around the same time as the Little Ice Age descended on Europe. Antarctica became covered with ice. At this time huge Tsunamis hit the west and south-east coasts of Australia and many lands sunk into the Ocean. What events happened in the southern hemisphere to trigger these events?

            Ian Thornton in his book "Krakatau: the Destruction and Reassembly of an Island Ecosystem" mentions that Krakatoa erupted around 1530. It would seem that this was the time of the Great Tsunamis and earthquakes and also bombardment of the earth by celestial objects. Krakatoa had also erupted in 1320. A much earlier eruption occurred about 535 AD at the same time that Dallas Abbott  believes that an asteroid hit the Gulf of Carpentaria in two pieces and caused a huge Tsunami. This led to the mini Ice Age in Europe and the end of the Arthurian Kingdom. In 534 AD the Chinese astronomers saw Mars in the constellation known as 'King Arthur's Chariot' (the Big Dipper) in Britain and 'King David's Chariot' in Ireland.

            The Kergeulen Plateau Islands were still above water in the 1280's when Marco Polo visited and they may have been destroyed and sunk in 1320 and this may have triggered the Little Ice Age and the freezing of all of Antarctica.  Or it may have occurred in 1530 as scientists are still in disagreement about when this Little Ice Age began. It would seem that the wild Cannibals of Java the Less (Austronesians and Melanasians - C-M38 ydna with M-ydna and S ydna) moved to modern day Indonesia and later New Guinea after the sinking of their homeland in 1320 and were stopped from going to Australia due to its rule by its powerful Monarch mentioned by Marco Polo. As nominal subjects of the Chinese Emperor they had become nominal enemies to the Australians so they were settled to the north of Australia in south East Asia. At this time the Chinese Emperors had lost control of their Empire and the Austronesians/ Melanasians (the Kergeulens) met little resistance.

               After the destruction of Australia in 1530 the Kergeulens moved into New Guinea and the Polynesia Islands (C-M38 ydna with M-ydna and S ydna) and into Australia (C-M347 ydna). Thus instead of these C-M347 ydna aboriginals being present in Australia for 40,000 or more years they have in fact come as a recent influx beginning post 1530 AD after the bulk of the older "white" aboriginals left for Afghanistan/ Pakistan region. It is possible that the Australian aborigines of C-M347 came from the Island of Nercuveran and its sister island which had survived being sunk in 1320 AD but instead sunk in 1530 AD. If this is so then it would most likely demonstrate that the Little Ice Age began in 1530 rather than 1320 as these natives were naked. This would also demonstrate that the 1513 Piri Reis map showing the northern coast of Antarctica without ice was from recent sources.

                The Kergeulens and Nercuvernans of C-M130 ydna had originally come from Australia and South East Asia to the lands of the Kergeulen Plateau which may have been one mainland then (around 1400 BC).  The C-M347 mutation occurred in Nercuvernan before they came to Australia post 1530. It was probably in the time of the Han dynasty that the tribes of Kergeulen came under the Overlordship of the Chinese Emperor. Geologists and Scientists have discovered that at one time in the past Antarctica had palm trees and a warm climate and sea. The native peoples of Kergeulen (Java the less) and its nearby islands and lands went naked or semi naked in many instances and rhinoceroses and elephants and monkeys which was there in abundance dwell in warm climates. I agree with the scientists but don't accept the speculative datings of the scientists. Instead of millions of years ago or even thousands, Antarctica was temperate and green, just hundreds of years ago.

            Besides the account of Marco Polo we also have the account of Sir John Mandeville in the 1320's that relates that the Kergeulen Plateau was known as Lamary (Lesser Java) and he describes these same naked and semi naked natives who are cannibals. He writes:
            "...But in that country there is a cursed custom, for they eat more gladly man’s flesh than any other flesh; and yet is that country abundant of flesh, of fish, of corns, of gold and silver, and of all other goods. Thither go merchants and bring with them children to sell to them of the country, and they buy them. And if they be fat they eat them anon. And if they be lean they feed them till they be fat, and then they eat them. And they say, that it is the best flesh and the sweetest of all the world...". 
In this account of Lamary he continually mentions the Antarctic Star. He also called Sondur to the north, Somobor, whose people were continually at war with the people of Lamary and very proud. He then described another nearby island called Betemgar which is close to the Great Land of Java (Greater Java/ Australia). He seems to confuse Greater and Lesser Java in this account. He also mentions Pathen which would be the Pentam of Marco Polo.

            The editors of Sir John Mandeville's account seem to have used Marco Polo's account and mixed it with Sir John's original text so that it jumps around the Indian Ocean rather than a systematic account and adds fantastical details to liven up the account for its readers. It even mentions the Isle of the Giants. He writes:
            "... In one of these isles be folk of great stature, as giants. And they be hideous for to look upon. And they have but one eye, and that is in the middle of the front. And they eat nothing but raw flesh and raw fish...". 
The editor can't resist adding the detail about one eye which he knew from the story of the Cyclops.  He also writes of the island of the dwarfs or pygmies:
            "And in another isle there be little folk, as dwarfs. And they be two so much as the pigmies. And they have no mouth; but instead of their mouth they have a little round hole, and when they shall eat or drink, they take through a pipe or a pen or such a thing, and suck it in, for they have no tongue; and therefore they speak not, but they make a manner of hissing as an adder doth, and they make signs one to another as monks do, by the which every of them understandeth other...". 
He described many other people with mutations which were greater in Australia due to the man-made cataclysmic events that destroyed Eridu (Uluru and Kata Tjuta). There is also the remnants of a 'lost city' at King's Canyon not far from Uluru and Kata Tjuta (the Olgas).
            The account at times seems to confuse Australia with China and India. However he describes a land he calls Mancy which is the land of Manasseh or Mani (Mancy/ Manxi) in Australia. At this time in the early 14th century it is prosperous with over 2000 cities. He also states that the country is also called Albany (and Greater India or Ind the More) because of the beauty of its white women (and men). He writes:
            "...a great country and a great kingdom that men crepe (called) Mancy. And that is in Ind the more. And it is the best land and one the fairest that may be in all the world, and the most delectable and the most plenteous of all goods that is in power of man. In that land dwell many Christian men and Saracens, for it is a good country and a great. And there be therein more than 2000 great cities and rich, without other great towns. And there is more plenty of people there than in any other part of Ind, for the bounty of the country. In that country is no needy man, ne none that goeth on begging. And they be full fair folk, but they be all pale. And the men have thin beards and few hairs, but they be long; but unnethe hath any man passing fifty hairs in his beard, and one hair sits here, another   there, as the beard of a leopard or of a cat. In that land be many fairer women than in any other country beyond the sea, and therefore men clepe that land Albany, because that the folk be white...".
He describes Mancy's inland city Latorin down a great river way full of ships. Mandeville then describes the city of the Tribe of Gad as Cassay. This City is on the Inland Sea or Lake:
             "...and from that city passing many journeys is another city, one the greatest of the world, that men clepe Cassay; that is to say, the ‘City of heaven.’ That city is well a fifty mile about, and it is strongly inhabited with people, insomuch that in one house men make ten households. In that city be twelve principal gates; and before every gate, a three mile or a four mile in length, is a great town or a great city. That city sits upon a great lake on the sea as doth Venice. And in that city be more than 12,000 bridges. And upon every bridge be strong towers and good, in the which dwell the wardens for to keep the city from the great Chan. And on that one part of the city runneth a great river all along the city. And there dwell Christian men and many merchants and other folk of diverse nations, becausethat th e land is so good and so plenteous. And there groweth full good wine that men clepe Bigon, that is full mighty, and gentle in drinking. This is a city royal where the King of Mancy was wont to dwell. And there dwell many religious men, as it were of the Order of Friars, for they be mendicants...". 
It interesting that the Franciscans and other Christians are a part of this land. The Great Khan or Chan (Chin) is the Chinese Emperor who is the enemy of these people.

            In the north is the city of Chilenso by a great river called Dalay that at this stage separates Australia from the Chinese ruled territory in South East Asia. The River seems to run to where the homeland of the pygmies is situated in Chinese controlled territory. He also mentions again a valley of Giants and the Island of Giants off the Coast so that it would seem the land of Mistorak is on the original  northern coastline of Western Australia before it fell into the Sea. It also mentions the city or river of Thebe (or Sheba). At this time (in the 1320's) it would seem Australia (or the Greater (Third) Indies) is ruled by a Jewish Christian King called Prester John (Yohannan/ Jonu) which may have been a title rather than a name for his predecessors and successors. Prester John was the Overlord King or Emperor of the Three Indies and the King of Mancy (Java the Great/ Australia) was subject to him.

            Prester John was both a priest and King who in the 12th century ruled over the Three Indies. The first India was the place today we call India (Malabar/ Bharat) and many lands to its north both west and east, the second was the East Indies or Indonesia in South East Asia (also known as Upper or Western Manzi/ Mancy) and the third India was also known as Java the Great (Australia) or Lower or Eastern Mancy (also called Upper India or Greater India). Prester John was the father of King David Soslan Prince of Osi and Ephraim who married Queen Tamar of Georgia. The Alexander connected with the story of Prester John (Rajadhiraja Chola II / Jadaron) of Chola (Soli) was not Alexander the Great of Macedonia but the Cholan ruler Rajender (Iskander/ Alexander) the Great who became the Ruler of the Three Indies in the early 11th century. The name Chola is also written as Soli and is pronounced as Soli.

               The widespread influence of Christianity in India is often hidden in histories of India. The Krishna story is a Hinduised version of the Christ story which was used as a way to encourage Christians to return to Hinduism in a Christian or Krishna form. The so-called Vaishnavism and Jainism often covers over a Christian movement. The Christianity of Prester John was a form of Nestorian Christianity that had inculturated itself to the Hindu culture and thought forms. Over time it took on more and more Hindu concepts and beliefs so that it was no-longer Christian but a new sect.


              Kulothunga Chola (Soli) II persecuted the Christians and destroyed the Chidambaram shrine (which at this time had been Christianised) but his grandson Rajadhiraja Chola (Soli) II was the son of a Christian Prince and he embraced the Christian faith and tolerated it throughout the Empire. Rajadhiraja II (Prester John) resigned his throne in 1178 to his cousin and he spent time in prayer and peaceful gardening pursuits as a Christian monk. His descendants on the throne of Pandyan Chola (Soli) continued this tolerant form of Christianity. His descendant Sadayavarman Sundara Pandyan I (r.1251-1268) was seen as a new Prester John and began a Christian renewal and building of Christian temple-churches which later would pass into Hindu hands after 1308. The large spread and influence of Christianity in Medieval India was later covered up and hidden by the Hindus.

            Prester John was the son of Princess Rajasundari (Rusudan) the daughter of Kulothunga Chola II the Cholan Emperor of the Three Indies. His father was Aton Bagratuni King of the Alani (Osettia) a son of Prince David of Georgia (a grandson of King George I of Georgia) who fled to the Alans and married their Princess. A  son of Prester John, Solomon (Soli/ Choli), was married to the Princess of the Rubani (Albany) in Australia. Their son David (Dodi) was King of the Rubani and their daughter Tami was the High Queen of Mu (Amazons/ Amu-zons).   Prester John was married to a Pandyan Princess (the daughter of Kulasekhara Pandyan) and their son Vikkirama Pandyan was placed on the Throne of Pandya with the help of his cousin Kulothunga Chola III (who had succeeded Prester John as Emperor of the Three Indies).

            Prester John's Pandyan descendants seized control of the Empire of the Three Indies from Kulothunga Chola III of Chola and his family and became the Lord Emperors of the Three Indies. Pandya was originally settled by the Hend (Hindus) fleeing  Upper Mu (Sundaland) at the time of the Cataclysmic events around 600 BC for India. At the time of the civil war in the Pandyan homeland (after 1308) a Princess Pandia (Dini) went to Australia and married her relative King Soli of the Rubani, Mani and Gadi who now seized control of the overseas Empire of the Indies as its nominally Christian ruler Prester John. During the time of Kublai Khan much of the Second India (Indonesia/ Upper Mancy or Manzi) had come under Chinese control. This Soli-Dodi Dynasty in Australia reigned as the Prester Johns or Emperors of the Three Indies until 1530.


As mentioned above Prester John was Rajadhiraja Chola II (Prince Jadaron Bagrutuni) the first Christian Emperor of the Three Indias. He was the grandson, through his mother, of Kulothunga Chola II, the Cholan (Soli) Emperor of the Three Indias. His father was a Christian Bagrutuni Prince Aton of the Ossetes.  Wikipedia states: "According to historian N. Sethuraman, Rajadhiraja was not the direct descendant of Rajaraja Chola II but was a son of his sister. Rajaraja Chola II chose Rajadhiraja as his heir in 1166 as he did not have any sons of his own." 

Prester John was succeeded by his younger brother Kulothunga Chola III when Prester John retired to be a Christian monk/hermit. Kulothunga helped Prester John's son Vikkirama Pandyan by his Pandyan wife to become the Pandyan King. Vikkirama's son Jatavarman rebelled against his Cholan cousins but was defeated and submited to Cholan overlordship. Jatavarman's brother Maravarman on succeeding him attacked the Cholans and became the Emperor of the Three Indies. He restored the policy of religious tolerance in the Empire like his grandfather Prester John. However his son Maravarman Sundari II was defeated by Rajender Chola III the grandson of Kulothunga Chola III. Maravarman II's son Jatavarman III seized back the throne of the Three Indias. His son Maravaramban was killed by his illegitimate son Vira when he declared his legitimate son Sundara as his heir. Civil war broke out and Sundari asked for Muslim help. The Muslims eventually seize power for themselves. Sundara's daughter who married the Australian/ Javanese King of the Rubani, Gadi and Mani is proclaimed Empress of the Three Indias and from about 1350 until 1530 her descendants, who followed an Indianised Jewish-Christian faith, reigned as the Prester Johns or Pandyan Emperors of the Three Indies. 


1. Rajadhiraja Chola II (Jadaron) (r. 1163-1178) the first Prester John and Christian Emperor of the Three Indies. His son by his black Pandyan wife was King Vikkirama Pandyan. He had at least three sons by his Jewish wife Lady (Geveret) Hana. His son David Soslan became a Babylonian Exilarch (1175) and the husband of Queen Tamara of Georgia (1187). His son Hanan (Hani) became the Prince or King of the Jews of Tehama. His son Solomon (Soli) was the Jewish Prince or King of Telmas who married Queen Lembu (Lebanah) of the Rubani.


2. Vikkirama Pandyan (r. 1180-1190) was assisted by his cousin Kulothunga Chola II the Hindu Emperor of the Three Indias to gain the Pandyan throne. Vikkirama was the protector of Christians and resisted the approaches of the Muslims for him to convert. The form of Christianity they (the Pandyan Prester Johns) followed was expressed in terminology drawn from the Hindu tradition. Just as the Chritians of the West saw the mythologies and legends of the Greeks and Romans as seeds of the Gospel so these Christians saw the Hindu writings as containing seeds of the truth. They developed the ideas of Vishnu and Krishna in a Christian direction where Krishna was identified with Christ and Vishnu as the Supreme Deity of which Krishna was the incarnation of Vishnu- Krishna is "The Lord himself" (Svayam Bhagavan). The idea of the ten avatars of Vishnu  originates in the Kabbalistic idea of the ten sefirot. The concept of Devi (Mother Goddess) is close to the ideas of Sophia in the West. Radha is connected to the Holy Spirit who is seen as feminine in many Jewish texts. After the ascendancy of Hinduism after 1308 this Christian Indianised theology was re-assimilated back into Hinduism with its followers. He had two sons Jatavarman Kulashekharan I and Maravarman Sundara Pandyan I by his wife who was a Christian Cheran Princess of Quilon (Venad) in Kerala.

3. Jatavarman I (1190-1216) succeeded his father as the Pandyan King. He rebelled against his Cholan Hindu cousins but was defeated and was given back his throne as a vassal of the Cholan Emperor. He was succeeded as Pandyan King by his younger brother Maravarman. He married his cousin the Cheran Princess Kothi. 


4. Maravarman Sundara Pandyan (r.1216-1238) defeated the Cholan Emperor and became the second Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias.He married his cousin Princess Radha the daughter of Solomon I (Soli) the Jewish King of Telmas and Queen Lembu (Lebanah) of the Rubani, Gadi and Mani of Java Le Grande (Australia).

5. Sadayavarman Kulashekharan (r.1238-1240) was the older son of Maravarman and succeeded him as the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias while his brother Maravarman II was the Pandyan King. He married a Hoysala Princess.

6. Maravarman Sundara Pandyan II (r.1238-51) was the younger brother of Sadayavarman and was the Pandyan King from 1238-40 and then from 1241-1251 he was the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias while his nephew Sadayavarman Vikkirama served as Pandyan King.

7.Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan III (r.1251-1268) was the son of Maravarman Sundara Pandyan II and was the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias. 


"Jatavarman avenges the defeat of his father by completely destroying the Chola empire and establishing the second powerful Pandyan empire. He also defeats the CherasHoysalas (in 1279), and the Kakatiyas.
During his reign he provides a golden roof for the temples of Chidambaram and Srirangam from the wealth acquired in his conquests. He also gives many grants to temples in Trichy, Thanjavur and Kanchipuram. He builds a temple at Aragalur (Magadai Mandalam) for the merit of Kulasekara around 1259. He acknowledges the contributors of other dynasties to Tamil Nadu by building a gate at the Sri Ranganathaswami Temple at Srirangam in which he engraves the names of all four great empires of Tamil Nadu, the Cholas, Pallavas, Pandyas and Cheras. He also builds the east tower of the Madurai Meenakshi Temple." (from The History Files)
The Temples were the "Churches" of the Vishnu-form of Indianised Christianity followed by the Pandyan and Cheran Dynasties. This form of Vishnu-Krishna Christianity was first embraced by the Cheran King Rama Kulasekhara the founder of the Venad Dynasty of  the Kingdom of Quilon in Kerala around 1100 AD. 

8. Maravramban Kulasekharan Pandyan (r.1268-1308) was the son of Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan III and the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias. He reigned with the help of his brothers who were also considered Pandyan Kings. After he was murdered by his illegitimate son Jatavarman Vira Pandyan, civil war broke out between his legitimate son Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan and designated heir and Vira. It lasted for many years and eventually led to Muslim control and rule of India.

9. Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan (r.1309-1327) was the legitimate son of Maravramban Kulashekharan Pandyan. During his reign he battled his half-brother but he defeated him and they allied against the enroachments of the Muslims. They apostatized from their Christian faith to follow Shaivism and it was during his reign that the Vishnu-Krishna Christians were persecuted and encouraged to become Hindus. He married a Majapahit Princess Tribuwana in 1324 and his only daughter and heiress Pandia Sundari was born in 1325. On her husband's death the Majapahit Princess now the dowager Empress of the Three Indias returned to Java La Grande (Kedar section of Australia now under water and called the Naturaliste Plateau) with her daughter Pandia Sundari in 1327. She remarried to the Raden (King) David III Kertawardhana of the Rubani, Gadi and Mani. On the death of Tribhuwana's immoral and degenerate half-brother in 1328 her mother Dyah Gayatri the dowager Queen of Majapahit and Amazon High-Queen had her daughter made Queen of Majapahit  and Tribhuwana also became the Regent for her daughter Pandia Sundari who the Kingdom of Majapahit claimed as the Regnant Empress of the Three Indias. Queen Tribhuwana appointed Gajah Mada in 1329 as her Prime Minister who started to conquer back the countries of the Second India who had broken from the Empire during the civil wars that had occurred since 1308 in the First India. It was around this time that Ethiopia was considered to be part of the Third India due to its alliance through marriage of the Royal Dynasties of  the Third India in Australia (Java La Grande) and the Islands of the Indian Ocean. On her mothers death in 1350 Tribhuwana became the Amazon High-Queen and her son Hayam Waruk became the King of Majapahit Kedar. Tribhuwana was also the Duchess of Kahuripan (Medang and Kedar).

10. Pandia Sundari (r.1328-1370) Empress Regnant of the Three Indias (Srivijaya, Majapahit and Vijayanegara Empires). She married King Joseph II (Raden Sotor) of Rubani, Gadi and Mani (Kingdom of Rhodan Heber (Chabor) in Inland Australia on the edge of the Shallow Sea (Yam Rhadood [רָדוּד]). On the death of her mother around 1370 she became the Amazon High Queen. Her son Solomon III (Raden Gagak Soli) became the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias and her daughter Radha the Queen Consort of Majapahit (wife of King Wirbhumi) eventually succeeded her as Amazon High Queen.



11. Solomon III (Raden Gagak Soli) became the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias in 1370 and he married his cousin Princess Surawardhana of Majapahit (Kedar) the daughter of Prince Singhawardhana the Duke of Paguhan and Princess Iswari of Majapahit (and the Duchess of Pajang) [a daughter of Queen Tribhuwana and Raden King David III Kertawardhana of Chabor]. Solomon succeeded his father Joseph II Raden Sotor as King of Rhadan Chabor (Heber).

            One writer believes that St Francis Xavier also visited Australia in 1545 and established a mission in a settlement named Mistorak which was named after the destroyed coastal land of Mistorak. At this stage the Tribes of Israel had left Australia. Also at this time the C-ydna Aboriginals were entering Australia. The accounts of Polo and Mandeville don't seem to directly mention the great High Queens of the South. Mandeville, however, does seem to allude to them and the connection with the Lost Ten Tribes. He says that Amazonia is near Albania (Albany where the white people live). No doubt he is saying that the Australian Amazonian territory is to the north East of the Kingdom of Manesseh (Mancy). It would seem that the editors of Mandeville confuse the three different Amazonian colonies- they also get confused because of the name of Scotra and Scythia, Albania and Albany.


            Could it be that at this stage her main seat of power was not in Australia but further South on Antarctica? Is this the famous Island of the Amazons? It would seem that these Queens had residences in Sheba (Thebes) in Australia, in Ethiopia and Egypt as well as in South America.


            Portuguese sailors first sighted Antarctica in 1488 which was about 40 years before the Ice covered Antarctica. In the book "The Amazons" by Guy Cadogan Rothery about the Amazons it states:
            "While we find the early Portuguese voyagers and their competitors placing a colony of these women in Socotra or some island, or islands, off the southeast coast of Africa, Marco Polo, the Venetian traveller, who wrote late in the thirteenth century, tells us of certain dual islands off the coast of India. He says: "When you leave this kingdom of Kesmacoran (Mekran), which is on the mainland, you go by sea some 500 miles towards the south, and then you find the two islands, Male and Female, lying about thirty miles distant from one another. The people are all baptized Christians, but maintain the ordinances of the Old Testament: thus when their wives are with child they never go near them till their confinement, and for forty days thereafter. In the island, however, which is called Male, dwell the men alone, without their wives or any other women. Every year when the month of March arrives the men all set out for the other island,  and tarry there for three months,--to wit, March, April, May,--dwelling with   their wives for that space. At the end of those three months they return to their own island, and pursue their husbandry and trade for the other nine months. . . As for the children which their wives bear them, if they be girls, they abide with their mothers; but if they are boys, the mothers bring them up till they are fourteen, and then send them to their fathers. Such is the custom of the two islands. The wives do nothing but nurse their children and gather such fruit as their island produces, for their husbands do furnish them with all necessaries." All of which offers a striking contrast to the social economy usually attributed to the Amazons. Instead of the women being trained and equipped for warfare, we have a peace organisation, so that the whole appears to us little more than an   exaggeration of common facts. We are told that these people lived on flesh and rice; that there was plenty of ambergris cast up on the shores; that the men were excellent fishers; and, moreover, that they dwelt in islands far from the mainland. Now, under such conditions as these, in a small community, the men would probably be away from home at regular seasons for months together, pursuing their avocations of rice cultivation, fishing, and barter, and then the home island would be populated chiefly, if not entirely, by women and children. Added to this a possible adherence to Old Testament law (Marco Polo says that the islands had a bishop who was subject to the Archbishop of Socotra, whose Christianity would, no doubt, be somewhat akin to that of the Copts), or some analogous heathen custom, and we have a perfectly comprehensible explanation of the story." 
The island which is south-east of Africa is Antarctica. Was it from here that Palomi (Tami) originally came via Australia and the East to Europe and Spain? The Islands south of India 500 miles would seem to be where the Maldives are today. The Chagos Islands may be where the island of Scotra ( or Socotra) with its Jewish Christians lived. It would seem that the population of Scotra moved to the present Islands of Socotra off the coast of Africa and part of Yemen. It would seem that the RO or O mt-dna of the Amazon Queens is to this day found among the women of this island. It would seem that these Amazon islands are a colony from Antarctica. It is now easy due to 'google earth' to see all these submerged Indian Ocean and pacific Ocean lands which proves the validity of the original accounts of Polo, Mandeville and Odoric.


                  Antarctica was almost an island in the period before 1530 except that it was only separated from the southern tip of South America by a large River. It would seem that the Amazon men lived on the South American side of the River and the women on Antarctica. Mandeville writes: 
            "This land of Amazonia is an isle, all environed with the sea save in two places, where be two entries. And beyond that water dwell the men that be their paramours and their loves, where they go to solace them when they will."
After the cataclysmic events around 1400 BC the High Queens fled Australia (Mu) for a time and settled in the Antarctica. The legendary priestesses of Diana (Dione/ Dinah) came from this Isle in their ships. In the events of 1530 AD the last of the High Queens of Antarctica fled with some survivors back to Australia under the leadership of Queen Dini.  Rothery writes:
             "...Sir John Mandeville, who looms large in the company of the quaint raconteurs, wrote of the Amazons as of an existing nation in his day, and says, among a plethora of other things, that they kept the lost ten tribes of Israel shut up in a valley surrounded by mountains..."
This refers to the Amazon territory in Australia (Sheba/ Thebe/ Heber). Another group of the Amazons had left Australia with the Tribes of Manesseh, Dan and Reuben and there are accounts of these warrior women in the 17th and 18th centuries in the Caucasus and other places. 

            The Franciscan Friar Odoric also writes of Australia which he visits around 1318. After visiting Ceylon he travelled East across the sea to the Kingdom of Mancy which he also refers to as India (another India). This was the Manessehite Kingdom in  Northern Australia. He would later describe the inland kingdom of Gadi (Caudi).
            "...First of all, therefore, having travelled many days' journey upon the Ocean-sea toward the east, at length I arrived at a certain great province called Mancy, being in Latin named India. Concerning this India I inquired of Christians, of Saracens, and of idolaters, and of all such as bear any office under the great Can. Who all of them with one consent answered, that this province of Mancy hath more than 2000 great cities within the precincts thereof, and that it aboundeth with all plenty of victuals, as namely with bread, wine, rice, flesh, and fish. All the men of this province be artificers and merchants, who, though they be in never so extreme penury, so long as they can help themselves by the labour of  their hands, will never beg aims of any man. The men of this province are of a fair and comely personage, but somewhat pale, having their heads shaven but a little: but the women are the most beautiful under the sun. The first city of the said India which I came unto, is called Ceuskalon, which being a day's journey distant from the sea, stands upon a river, the water whereof, near unto the mouth, where it exonerateth itself into the sea, doth overflow the land for the space of twelve days' journey. All the inhabitants of this India are worshippers of idols. The foresaid city of Ceuskalon hath such an huge navy belonging thereunto, that no man would believe it unless he should see it. In this city I saw 300 lb. of good and new ginger sold for less than a groat. There are the greatest and the fairest geese, and most plenty of them to be sold in all the whole world, as I suppose. They are as white as milk, and have a bone upon the crown of their heads as big as an egg, being of the colour of blood: under their throat they have a skin or bag hanging down half a foot. They are exceeding fat and well sold. Also they have ducks and hens in that country, one as big as two of ours. There be monstrous great serpents likewise, which are taken by the inhabitants and eaten: whereupon a solemn feast among them without serpents is nought set by: and to be brief, in this city there are all kind of victuals in great abundance..."
Odoric speaks of a city of Caitan in this land where the Franciscans have a mission.
            "From thence I passed by many cities, and at length I came unto a city named Caitan, wherein the Friars Minorites have two places of abode, unto the which I transported the bones of the dead friars, which suffered martyrdom for the faith of Christ, as it is above mentioned. In this city there is abundance of all kind of victuals very cheap. The said city is as big as two of Bononia, and in it are many monasteries of religious persons, all which do worship idols. I myself was in one of those monasteries, and it was told me, that there were in it 3000 religious men, having 11,000 idols: and one of the said idols, which seemed unto me but little in   regard of the rest, was as big as our Christopher. These religious men every day do feed their idol gods: whereupon at a certain time I went to behold the banquet: and indeed those things which they brought unto them were good to cat, and fuming hot, insomuch that the stream of the smoke thereof ascended up unto their idols, and they said that their gods were refreshed with the smoke: howbeit, all the meat they conveyed away, eating it up their own selves, and so they fed their dumb gods with the smoke only."Odoric then travels even further East to a city called Fuco on the northern edge of the Inland Sea of Australia. He describes the black and white inhabitants of Australia at this time.            "Travelling more eastward, I came unto a city named Fuco, which containeth thirty miles in circuit, wherein be exceeding great and fair cocks, and all their hens are as white as the very snow, having wool instead of feathers, like unto sheep. It is a most stately and beautiful city and standeth upon the sea. Then I went eighteen days' journey on further, and passed by many provinces and cities, and in the way I went over a certain great mountain, upon the one side whereof I beheld all living creatures to be as black as a coal, and the men and women on that side differed somewhat in manner of living from others; howbeit, on the other side of the said hill every living thing was snow-white, and the inhabitants in their manner of living, were altogether unlike unto others."
Odoric then travels a further 18 days to another great city on a great inland River and Sea. He then travels to the city of Canasia which is like a modern city for size which shocks Odoric. Mandeville calls this city Cassay. 
            "Travelling thence many days' journey, at length I arrived at another city called Canasia, which signifieth in our language, the city of heaven. Never in my life did I see so great a city: for it containeth in circuit an hundred miles: neither saw I any plot thereof, which was not throughly inhabited: yea, I saw many houses of ten or twelve stories high, one above another. It hath mighty large suburbs containing more people than the city itself. Also it hath twelve principal gates: and about the distance of eight miles, in the highway unto every one of the said gates standeth a city as big by estimation as Venice, and Padua. The foresaid city of Canasia is situated in waters or marshes, which always stand still, neither ebbing nor flowing: howbeit, it hath a defence for the wind like unto Venice. In this city there are more than 11,000 bridges, many whereof I numbered and passed over them: and upon every of those bridges stand certain watchmen of the city, keeping continual watch and ward about the said city, for the great Can the Emperor of Catay...The residue of the people of the city are some of them Christians, some merchants, and some travellers through the country,   whereupon I marvelled much how such an infinite number of persons could inhabit and live together. There is great abundance of victuals in this city, as namely of bread and wine, and especially of hogs' flesh, with other necessaries."

            It would seem that after Canasia Odoroic headed for the North to the city of Chilenso (probably near the present Islands of the Philippines and New Guinea on the border of the Chinese controlled Territory near the land of the pygmies). He headed to the north east towards Vietnam. At this time the Timor Sea and half of the Arafura were land above sea level but sunk in 1530. These great cities may now be under the waters of these Seas.

            We notice from early maps of the Spanish, Portuguese and Dutch a very different shape of Australia (Java the Great) and Java (Portuguese Java not the Java the Less of Marco Polo). Some of the problems result from trying to combine information from the pre-1530 maps and post-1530 maps. The coastlines of Australia and Java pre-1530 are different to post-1530. Before 1530 Java and Australia were only separated by a large River or water way called the Rio Grande leading into a huge harbour. Australia pre-1530 extended up to the islands between Java and Flores. The land on the east side of the harbour was known as Simbala by the Portuguese. Christmas Island may have once been part of Southern Java.

                 We also have to pose the question. What if the early Portuguese maps were more correct than we think and much of the eastern coast of Australia was covered by a shallow sea until 1530 and the Blue Mountains were formed rapidly in 1530? We know that this area was once under water according to scientists. While this is a possibility I think it is more likely that the map makers have confused and merged the Simbala and York Peninsulars thus distorting the map of Australia.

            That three contemporary sources tell of these lands that once existed in the east is important evidence. The published account of Sir John Mandeville's travels has obviously been supplemented and thus confused by its editor or editors with Marco Polo and Odoric along with other information. However the details of Sir John Mandeville's travels can be reassessed using these same writings.  Recently I also reread the account of the great Jewish traveler Benjamin of Tudela of the 12th century in which he also describes Khaibor as the homeland of the Tribes of Gad, Reuben and Manesseh. The description of Khaibor and the lands before one reaches Khaibor lead me to believe that there must have been lands south-east of Yemen that have now sunken into the sea that were ruled over by a Prince or King Solomon and his brother Prince Chanan in the late 12th century. From the desert of Yemen the journey to these Israelite lands was a journey of 21 days. 

                       Imagine my surprise when I firstly read about the discovery of sunken lands the size of Tasmania found 1600 kilometres west of Perth in the Indian Ocean. It is also interesting that the authorities are looking for the lost Malaysian plane in this same area.  Then I read of the so-called sunken continent of Mauritia discovered stretching from Madagascar to the Seychelles Islands to India. This was the perfect location of these lands described by Benjamin of Tudela. The news reported stated: " It isn’t quite Atlantis, but scientists from Norway, Germany and Britain have found what they say is a lost continent that they’ve named Mauritia at the bottom of the Indian Ocean...The strip of continent, now at the bottom of the Indian Ocean, once connected Madagascar, the island archipelago of Seychelles and India. As tectonic movement shifted the land masses apart, the connective tissue of Mauritia was pushed to the bottom of the Ocean, where it was shredded and partially consumed by underwater volcanos...". The scientists state that it is part of a bigger continent they call Rodinia. It would seem this sunken land of Mauritia is called Tehama by Benjamin of Tudela. It lies over a thousand kilometres south-east of Yemen. It would seem that Telmas is situated on or just off the ancient coast of Western Australia (which is now under the sea). It would seem to only lie 500 kilometres west of ancient Kedar (which extended out from the lower South West for hundreds of kilometres). The Southern Hemisphere before the great sinkings between 1320-1530 AD was very different and India once extended much further south and Australia much further west.

One sails from Al-Yemen [Arabia] to the south east over 3000 kilometres to the port city of Tehama [near northern Madagascar] on the Island of Thema or Aram Rehob. From Tehama one sails to the northern mountains [Seychelles]. In the north which has a desert climate live the Muslim Arabs who unite with the Jews in the South on raids to the north east on Yemen [Muslim Arab Java and Sumatra]. To the east of Thema is the Island of Telmas which has a port city on its western side called Thanaejm and on the far eastern side is the city of Telmas. From the city of Telmas it is a 3 day sail to the port city of  Jeda (Joppa/ Java) on the pre-1530 coast of Western Australia and then an 18 day journey through the deserts to the city of Khaibor in Inland Australia on the edge of the Shallow Inland Sea.


Benjamin of Tudela reports: 



"...At twenty-one days' journey through the desert of Sheba, or Al-Yemen, from which Mesopotamia lies in a northerly direction, are the abodes of the Jews who are called Beni (children of) Rechab, men of Thema. The seat of their government is at Thema (or Tehama), where their prince and governor rabbi Chanan resides. This city is large, and the extent of their country is sixteen days' journey toward the northern mountain range. They possess large and strong cities and are not subject to any of the Gentiles, but undertake warlike expeditions into distant provinces with the Arabians, their neighbors and allies, to take the spoil and the prey. These Arabians are Bedouins, who live in tents in the deserts and have no fixed abode, and who are in the habit of undertaking marauding expeditions into the province of Yemen. The Jews are a terror to their neighbors. Their country being very extensive, some of them cultivate the land and rear cattle. A number of studious and learned men, who spend their lives in the study of the law, are maintained by the tithes of all produce, part of which is also employed toward sustaining the poor and the ascetics, called "Mourners of Sion" and "Mourners of Jerusalem." These eat no meat and abstain from wine, dress always in black, and live in eaves or in low houses, and keep fasts all their lives except on Sabbaths and holy-days.  They continually implore the mercy of God for the Jews in exile, and devoutly pray that he may have compassion on them for the sake of his own great Dame; and they also include in their prayers all the Jews of Tehama and of Telmas. The latter contains about one hundred thousand Jews, who are governed by Prince Salomon, who, as well as his brother, Prince Chanan, are descendants of the royal house of David, who rests in peace, which is proved by their pedigrees. In doubtful cases they solicit the decisions of the prince of the captivity, and set aside forty days of every year, during which they go in rent clothes, and keep fasts, and pray for all the Jews who live in exile. The province of which Thanaejm is the metropolis contains forty cities, two hundred villages, and one hundred small towns, and is inhabited by about three hundred thousand Jews. Thanaejm is a very strong city, fifteen square miles in extent, and large enough to allow agriculture to be carried on within its boundaries; within which are also situated the palace of Prince Salomon, and many gardens and orchards. Telmas is also a city of considerable magnitude; it contains about one hundred thousand Jews, is strongly fortified, and situated between two very high mountains. Many of its inhabitants are well informed, wise, and rich. The distance from Telmas to Chaibar is three days' journey. It is reported that these Jews are of the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh, who were led away captives by Shalmaneser, King of Ashur, and who repaired into these mountainous regions, where they erected the above-named large and strong cities. They carried on war with many kingdoms, and are not easily to be reached because of their situation, which requires a march of eighteen days through uninhabited deserts, and thus renders them difficult of access.Chaibar is also a very large city, and contains among its fifty thousand Jewish inhabitants many learned scholars. The people of this city are valiant, and engaged in wars with the inhabitants of Mesopotamia [Chinese Mongol Empire], with those of the northern districts [north of Australia], and with those of Yemen [Muslim Arabs of Java and Sumatra], who live near them; the latter province borders on India [Middle India/ Andaman]. It is a distance of twenty-five days' journey from the country of these Jews to on the river Virah, in Yemen [called the Rio Grande by the Portuguese separating Australia and pre-1530 Java], which place contains about three thousand Jews...". 
It would seem that someone has tried to rearrange Benjamin's accounts and thus confused them. (see Contradictions regarding the travels of Benjamin of Tudela). 

                 Benjamin associates these Indian-ocean lands as Aram Rehob a kingdom mentioned firstly in the days of King David. Among them are a group of pious Jews who wear black and are devoted to 'great Dame or Lady' who is the Shekhinah/ Zohar and her earthly representative the Sheban (Amazon) Queen. They were the remnant of devout Torah observant Jewish Christians, who remained in the Jewish community. Some of them moved to Spain (taking their book the Zohar with them) and others to Poland bringing with them their custom of wearing black as "Mourners of Zion". Since then the custom of wearing black has spread widely among orthodox Jews. This land of Aram-Tehama is the Arimathea of the Greek New Testament and the home of St Joseph of Arimathea who is a member of the Davidic exilarchy family in Babylon. His brother Nathan (Tenaufen/ Tasciovanus) was the British Jewish Prince in Southern Britain (Sumer). Tehama or Thema may have been a development of Temehu (Libyans) mentioned by the Egyptians and after leaving Kedar the Gaels or Temehu may have settled in Aram-Tehama as well as in North Africa.

              Instead of the millions of years ago, these lands were still above the surface in the 12th century. Did the events surrounding the sinking of Mauritia (Tehama) occur in 1320 or 1530? Or did it happen in stages between these two dates. It is only after 1530 that the Indian Ocean we know today took shape. At this time in the 1170's Rajadhiraja Chola II / Jadaron the first Christian Cholan (Soli) Emperor of the Three Indies was reigning and Benjamin of Tudela calls him Prester John (Pandyan). Benjamin also speaks of Middle India or Aden which refers to Indonesia and the Andaman Islands (which was one bigger island in those days) not modern day Aden near the modern state of Yemen. 

                 Were the Davidic princes Solomon of Telmas and Chanan of Thema actually the sons of Prester John whose grandfather was Prince David of Georgia? They were probably his sons by his first wife who was a Jewish Princess and sister to the Exilarch Solomon ben Hisdai. Their half-brother Vikkirama Pandyan was the son of his second wife Princess Pandia. Solomon (Soli) I married the fair-haired and pale white skinned Princess and heiress of the Rubani (Albani/ Lebanah) of Australia.  Their son David (Dodi) I Rubani King of the Rubani, the Gadi and the Mani was the ancestor of King Solomon (Soli) IV Rubani (Lubani/ Lebani). His brother Prince Judah (Yudi) Lubani was the father of Rabbi Isaac Lubaton of Allepo whose family moved West to Syria to remain faithful to Judaism in the 15th century. Other members of the nation under King Joseph (Yosi) III Rubani and Prince David Rubani (sons of King Solomon V Rubani) moved to Afghanistan and embraced Islam.  Rav Isaac Lubaton was the great-grandfather of Rav Judah Leb (Loewe) the Maharal and brought the very pale skin and blonde hair into the famous Rabbinic families of Europe .


Spanish accounts from the 16th century mention big, beared, white men called the Lequios (Hebrew Likkot means gleaners) in the Philippines who traded in silver and gold with their own fleet of ships. These were the men of the Tribe of Gad from Australia. Today 40 percent of Filipinos are male line descendants of these men of Gad [ydna O-M119]. 

         
          The discovery of  the Gambertsev Mountains under the Ice of Antartica has demonstrated that the Ice  and Mountains are more recent than scientists expected. In an article in Popular Mechanics titled "How Did Antarctica's Mysterious Ice-Encrusted Mountains Get There?" it states:
            In 1958, Russian scientists climbed across the coldest place on earth, the immense Antarctic ice sheet, taking measurements of what lay under the surface. To their surprise, what they discovered was a giant, craggy mountain range totally hidden under the ice.
                   Since their discovery, the Gamburtsevs have remained "the least understood mountains on Earth," says Fausto Ferraccioli, lead author of a new paper about the mountains’ formation. He says that those original explorers weren't expecting to see anything particularly exciting, since the innards of most ancient continents like Antarctica are basically flat, and scientists in the years since have wondered how the Gamburtsevs got there. For the study published today in Nature, Ferraccioli and colleagues gathered extensive new data that could help to explain these mysterious mountains. 
                        The big problem for geologists is this: The Gamburtsev mountains appear to be relatively young—they bear jagged peaks that haven't yet been worn down by erosion. Other mountain ranges that look like that are geological infants: the craggy Himalayas, for instance, are still in the process of being formed. But   scientists know of no geological events in Antarctica’s recent history that could have created the Gamburtsevs. There are no continental plates in the area, for example, that could have squeezed together to push up mountains, which is how the Himalayas were created. 

            Could the water on Antarctica have been dumped there from outer space as suggested by Velikovsky. Are the craggy Gamburtsev Mountains actually from Mars along with the water? The Moons of Mars are craggy and many asteroids of Martian origin have been found on Antarctica by scientists. It would seem that around 1530 the Southern Hemisphere was bombarded by a satellite of Mars which dragged along the last of the Martian waters. Or was the two craggy moons of Mars and the craggy Gamburtsev Mountains part of a bigger Satellite of Mars that had its own fresh water that exploded? Did Jonathan Swift in 1726 know of the two moons of Mars because Mars and its satellites had come nearer to the earth in 1530 and its two moons were observed?

               In confirmation of the lack of ice on Antarctica is the updated map of Johannes Schoner of 1524 which is based on the latest Portuguese discoveries but with no evidence of any ice on Antarctica. On these early 16th century maps of ice -free Antarctica [of Schoner (1524) and Fine (1531)] there is no Palmer Peninsular on their maps. Was the Palmer Peninsular like the Gambursevs part of the debris of the Martian moon or did the impact make land that had sunk in an early period rise above the sea again? Beside the immense amount of fresh water dumped on Antarctica, large amount of this fresh water (possibly in frozen form) was also dumped into the Indian and Pacific Oceans causing the rapid rise in sea levels since 1530 and the Little Ice Age.  In 2011 the sea levels started to drop due to large amounts of water  falling on Australia  during 2010-2011 but then not returning to the seas.

               The great geographer Ptolemy's description of the different Indias and the Indian Ocean region has been dismissed by many or interpreted incorrectly. The location of the great Bay of Sinus Magnus has been placed in different locations even though Ptolemy places it in the furthest south-east of the Indian Ocean. Of course with the sinking of many of the lands since the time of Ptolemy adds to this confusion. In fact the great Bay of Sinus Magnus is in the region of Australia's southern Ocean and Tasman Sea. Ptolemy mentions Carmania (modern day India), then India Intra Gangem (South East Asia and Indonesia etc), then India Extra Gangem (Australia and New Zealand) where the Bay of Sinus Magnus is found in a south Easterly direction around 180 degrees longitude (starting from the Canary Islands).




              Some of the Tribe of Benjamin who came to Western China after 580 BC settled during the Zhou Dynasty on Eastern Sin or Sinim (Zealandia, which sank not millions of years ago but around 535-540 AD). They sailed from China to the Northern shore of Sinim probably where the Solomon Islands are today. The present Melanasian population of the Solomon Islands arrived there post 540. Around 535-540 AD with the sinking of much of Eastern Sinim some of these Sinimite Benjaminites fled back to Asia, they were confused by some with the Simeonites and some of them were among the Khazars (Q ydna). Others went East to South America. Others settled on Cipangu which is 2,400 kilometres from the pre 1530 coast of China east of Japan. Cipangu is not Japan though it was identified as such by later writers. Sometime after 1300 Cipangu sank beneath the waves of the sea.

                    Many try to identify Sinus Magnus with the Gulf of Thailand and they place Catigara in Cambodia. However Ptolemy stated that Sinus Magnus was south of the Equator not north. The Northern tip of the gulf reached up almost to the southern coast of modern day New Britain which fits with Ptolemy saying it was 8 and a half degrees south of the equator. The Port of Catigara near modern day Broome was the port from which one left to go to Catigara. The most likely location of Catigara itself is on the western coast of eastern Sinim somewhere near modern day Macquarie Island, Auckland Island and Campbell Island region.



                    The river we call the Ganges today was actually the original Indus River and its importance is stressed in the early Hindu writings. This has caused much confusion for those studying Ptolemy's geography of India. India to the ancients was not just the India of the modern day. India or the Indies were also the lands east and south of modern day India.  The original Ganges River was the one called the Dalay River by Marco Polo near Chilenso City that flowed into the King Sound (called Brasil (Iron in Hebrew) by the Portuguese) south-east of modern day Java- they are both under the Timor Sea today. The modern Indus River was originally called the Sindh River. Alexander the Great penetrated further east than modern day scholars think as he reached the Ganges (Dalay) River on which the Gangaridai or the Rhodans (Rodudi) of ancient Australia ruled South of the River (part of the Timor Sea today). Their capital city was Ganga or Kanka (Canca) the City of the Chandika (Kandake) the hereditary Queen of Sheba.





                    Tasmania was part of the Aurea Chersoneses (Gold Peninusular) which after 535 AD became separated from Tasmania (which was still connected to the mainland of Australia until 1606) and known as the Golden Isle (Aurea/ Zahab). Cape Fremose mentioned on early maps is found on the tip of Tasmania after 1530 (or the tip of the Aurea Isle before 1530) when Tasmania was still connected to the Australian Mainland.  Cape Fremose was the Portuguese identification of the Beautiful (Jaffa/ Joppa/ Yafa) Cape which originally was situated at Kedar (now under the water as the Naturaliste Plateau). Tapbana also called Taprobane was the Copper/ Bronze/ Tin Isle (Nehash or Bedil) which was located between Australia (the Third India) and Antarctica. Ptolemy lists many coastal cities and ports in ancient Australia and New Zealand (The Third India) which are today under the Sea in most cases.

                  Around 116-7 AD the Romans under the Emperor Trajan attacked and destroyed Parthia ( Ophir/ Patras) the home city of the Parthian Empire which was at the mouth of the Swan (Perth) Canyon (now under the Ocean). They established a secret Roman colony with its new capital of Berabona north of the Temala (Swan/ Eridannus) River.  The name of the region was originally called Barbur (Swan in Hebrew) or Berabia. The Barbars were to establish trading colonies in Africa and around 1450- 1500 they moved their centre of operations to North Africa where they were known as the Barbary pirates and gave their name to the peoples of North Africa.

                   The Portuguese would later connect the name Patras with Patos and Patos Pretos which meant black ducks (referring to the black swans). Due to the map makers confusion of Australia and South America, the Rio de Grande (separating Java and Australia in the old maps) and the Bay of Brazil (Iron/ Barzel) in north -western Australia and the Patos River (Swan River) was confused with the Lagoa de Patos and Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil in South America. This confusion also meant that the Cape of Catigara was located on some maps on the west coast of South America rather than on the coast of Eastern Sinim (near modern day New Zealand and Maquarie Island).



                   Many writers have claimed that Juan Fernandez discovered New Zealand in 1576, others disagree. I believe that after the events of 1530 catastrophe that certain parts of Zealandia rose and others sank giving New Zealand a different shape as demonstrated in many 16th century maps. New Zealand's South Island stretched as far as Chatham and Pitt Islands (Chatham Rise) and may have included part of the North Island and was known as Maina Island. The northern tip of the North Island was separate and called Saill Island. Due to the cataclysmic events of 1606 most of the Chatham Rise sunk under the sea. It was this extension of New Zealand that Juan Fernandez discovered with its civilised, hospitable white population. Present New Zealand dates from 1606. It is not clear if the Maoris entered New Zealand post 1530 or post 1606 in the North firstly. These white Mainans were also called Children of the Mist (Cloud Warriors) by the Maoris and were the same people as the Manaan or Danaan of the mountains of Peru.

                   According to the Maori legends there were three main kinds of white inhabitants of New Zealand- the tall 7 foot ones (the blonde Zebulonite Mainans of R1b U106 ydna), the ordinary white people many with red heads (Rhodans (Reubenites) of R1b U152 ydna and R1a Manassehites) and the white pygmies (the Leprechauns or little people of Irish legends).  Legends of the white pygmies with golden hair involved with mining known as Tapuyas [probably of K* ydna (Kenite)] are also found in Paraguay and Brazil. It would seem that after the Benjaminite Sinim left after the disasters of 535-540 AD that the Mainans settled in the last remnant of the former Eastern Sinim sub-continent. The Maoris were to eventually annihilate  most of the remnants of these white tribes. There are some descendants still found in New Zealand fighting for the recognition of their claims. These pre Maori whites came from both South America and Australia. The so-called Urukehu whites are most likely originally from Australia as the Australian aborigines also spoke of fair skinned natives called Uru in their legends and Western Australia was in ancient times called Uruk. The Uru are also mentioned living in the Andes of South America.

                 In the time of ancient Uruk, Sinus Magnum or the Tasman Sea was land ( a great valley). It was traversed by stone pavement thoughfares. One of these pavement roads began at the so-called Tessellated Pavement at Pirate's Bay (Eaglehawk Nest) in Tasmania going across to what would later be Eastern Sinim (on the Lord Howe Rise).  Another great road or causeway is found north of this beginning in the Ocean south east of Lake's Entrance and Sale in Victoria crossing the plain  to the hills which would later be the coastline of Eastern Sinim (on the Lord Howe Rise). There is another causeway south of the Tasselated pavement that goes across the Tasman Sea to Stewart Island and there is also a fork which leads towards the north part of the South Island of New Zealand. There may have been a major city now under the Sea near Eaglehawk Nest or possibly under the hills nearby (see the area of the Devil's Kitchen which may be the remnants of great fortress temple complex). The Dolerite rock of Tasmania may be the remnants of the huge Tower of Babel (Mt Wellington) and its surrounding city metropolis. The Tower of Babel was linked to other Towers in what are now Antarctica, Argentina and South Africa and other places.



Tassellated pavement at Pirates Bay (near Eaglehawk Nest) in Tasmania

                     The Tasman Sea now may cover the ancient Plain of Shinar or Sinar where the original Tower of Babel was found. The tower itself may have been located at Mt Wellington in Tasmania. Noah's Ark may have landed in the Southern Alps of New Zealand on Mt Cook (Aoraki). After the cataclysmic events of the Tower of Babel the Ice Age began and humans moved to Sundaland (Indonesia and South East Asia) and Northern Australia (north-western Sinim) and from there they moved into Babylonia (Iraq) as the Ice withdrew. Abraham's family were part of this migration from Uruk (Ur Kasdim) in Australia to the Middle East.

                Some evolutionists believe in an "Out of Africa" theory. Some who try to read the genetic evidence  according to this theory see a migration out of Africa via India to Australia. In fact the sons of of A ydna may have left Australasia for Africa before the Ice Age and they were isolated there during the the Ice Age.  The post-deluge mankind came "Out of Australia" just over 4000 years ago. 





                         Theories combining genetics, evolution and the movements of peoples and cultures are coming and going with rapidity. The ridiculous evolutionary distortion of genetics leads many to ignore seeing the genetics confirm traditional histories of recent centuries and millenia because they have stretched the genetics back to tens of millennia. One such theory is the "Out of Africa" theory. I watched a fascinating documentary on this where I was informed that we all descended from the Khoisan pygmy people of Africa as they belonged to A ydna haplogroup.
                                  
However genetic research has now found that the Khoisan people are merely a later branch off the original A ydna group. Wikipedia states: "In human genetics, Haplogroup A is the lineage of all human males. Because of a mistake in phylogeny, it used to refer to a group of y-chromosome lineages that were later found to be among the first to branch off from the root of the human y-chromosome phylogeny, and are now referred to as "haplogroup A proper" or "haplogroup A(xBT)". No mutations define Haplogroup A, but since this nomenclature only deals with Homo sapiens sapiens, the hypothetical "Y-chromosomal Adam" can be considered its founder." In the world of human dna things change rapidly all the time, so that many theories accepted a few years ago are now redundant. What is exciting that it is ordinary people researching their family trees using dna data that are often the trail blazers. The academics have to run to keep up to them.The germ-line rate of mutation based on actual families has disproved the the evolutionary calculated rates. The germ-line rate demonstrates that the Mitochondrial Eve lived not 120,000 or more years ago but less than 6,500 years ago (I expect with further studies this date will even go lower). The Y-Adam was even more recent than mt-Eve.
                             
The common evolutionary theory states that about 50,000 years ago modern man left Africa for Australia and the rest of the world. However paleontologists and evolutionary genetics have discovered that man was in Australia long before 50,000 years ago (according to evolutionist datings). Now we have an "Out of Australia" theory. This second theory is closer to the truth. In fact the "Out of Africa " should be called the "In to Africa".  A0 and A1 ydna entered Africa before the Ice Age and became trapped there, cut off from the rest of humanity. This would mean they entered Africa around 70-50 thousand years ago according to evolutionist dates. In real time this was about 4,000 years ago. So we can say that man entered Africa about 4,000 years ago. However this may be wrong too. Making assumptions based on the dna of modern populations is fraught with problems. 
                              
Who was the ydna Adam? Was it Noah or Shem or someone else? Who were the Neanderthals and Denisovans? Were they the descendants of the wives of  Japheth and Ham? When did the first mutations occur? Were they caused by radiation? According to Jewish writings the rapid aging and degenerative diseases began in the time of Abraham and Isaac. Some researchers believe there was a world-wide nuclear winter at the time of Sodom and Gomorrah's destruction and the destruction of the Tower of Uruk (Mt Augustus in Western Australia). Another occurred in the days of Joseph in Egypt with the destruction of the Tower of Eridu (Uluru in the Northern Territory). Did the first mutations occur earlier at the time of the Tower of Babel (in the Dolerite region of Tasmania) which caused the continents to split and form and the Ice Age to occur and then start to recede after about 100-150 years?
                  
 In the past I dated the Flood to about 2700 BC and the Tower of Babel to 2313 BC. However I now believe the Flood occurred about 2343-2 BC and the Tower of Babel's destruction (along with its huge surrounding city) about 2150 BC when Abraham's ancestor Eber (or Heber) was about 38 years old. Blessed Anne Emmerich tells us that Noah's descendants number 100 who were also on the Ark besides the 8 genetic ancestors of post-deluge man. A population explosion began and by 2300 BC the population was about 25,000 and it rose to about 120,000 by 2250 BC. Cainan who became the push to rebuild the pre-flood high technological civilisation was born in 2275 BC. He became the King of Eridu by marrying the hereditary High Queen Milkam and establishing Eridu named for the pre-flood Eridu Empire. His son-in-law Nimrod succeeded him as the King-Emperor of the revived Eridu Empire. By the time of his project to build a huge new interplanetary spaceport and nuclear weapons defence base and city at Lebab or Mount Lubar (Mt Wellington, Tasmania) the population was more than 700 million. It was named in honour of Shem's wife the heiress of the white Moon Queens from before the flood. Most of the people lived on the huge Plain of Shinar (or Sinar) that is now under the Tasman Sea and the Southern Ocean.
                           
Noah had been a priest-king before the Flood whose three sons had all married Princesses. He and his wife were members of the  Royal Family of the Moon Queens of the House of Lebab along with Shem's wife. Ham's wife was a Black Princess of Eridu (Mars) and Japheth's wife a Golden Red Princess of Earth. Both Ham and Japheth's wives were descendants of Cain's son Enki (Enoch) the founder of the first city of Eridu (called Enoch in Genesis) of the House of Isis. The Japhetites founded a city called Adan to the East of  Lebab (later called Babel) now under the Tasman Sea, the Hamites built a city to the South called Nahal now under the Southern Ocean and the Shemites built Sadek to the West of Lebab now also under the Southern Ocean. In the universal Noachite language Adan meant red (and judgement), Lebab was white (and heart) and Nahal was black (and river, depth or deep).
                     
Adam and Eve spoke Hebrew the language of Creation but after 2000 years it had developed into a different language. At the time of Babel God restored the language of Creation to Heber and his family. After Babel the Sumerian language was spoken at Eridu and the Akkadian at Uruk. Nimrod was born around 2250 BC and according to Blessed Anne Emmerich he lived for 270 years. The destruction of the Tower of Babel occurred when he was about 100 years old (at this time the aging process was different and he looked as young as his grandsons). He reigned in Eridu in northern central Australia during the height of the Ice Age. When the Ice Age started to lessen and retreated he moved into the areas of Iraq and Iran where he built the cities of Babylon and Nineveh etc. He was over 200 at this stage. He died around 1980 BC during the life time of Abraham. Jewish tradition records that Abraham and Nimrod's lives crossed over. Abraham was about 80 years old when Nimrod died.