Thursday, February 11, 2016

Were the British Israelites Wrong?

I have always been fascinated with the fate of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel since I was a teenager. I first became interested in the British Israelite teachings when I read a book by a British Israelite writer called "Christians Awake"by Gilbert Saddler when I was about 13 or 14 years old. I was to find out that my family had been followers and believers in the British Israel identity for at least 4 generations on my mother's maternal side. However one of my ancestors on my mother's paternal side had in 1800 gone with his wife and two children to look for the Lost Tribes amongst the Ojibwa Indians of Wisconsin as they were involved with the Albury movement of Sir Henry Drummond that led to the Catholic Apostolic Church which were also interested in this topic. Another ancestor had been influenced and converted by the teachings of Joseph Wolff  of the London Jews Society who was also fascinated by the search for the Lost Tribes.

I became involved with the British Israel World Federation and spent many hours at their bookshop in the city centre and received literature from England, South Africa and Canada on a regular basis. Even after I became a Catholic I still retained many of my British Israelite ideas on the lost Tribes and I also became involved in the orthodox Jewish led group called Brit-Am in Israel and I even was a guest speaker on Davidic genealogy at one of their meetings in Jerusalem in 2002. It wasn't until the advent of dna testing (that I became interested in from 2008), that I started to change some of my understanding about the identity of the Tribes of Israel.

As a British Israelite I believed that the British belonged in the main to the Lost Tribe of Ephraim and were the fulfilment of the Biblical prophecy that Ephraim would be a nation and a company of nations. They were the Birthright people of God. However now due to my further study of the Tribes and their migrations using dna evidence I no longer believe that the British and Irish are Ephraim. Genetic dna studies have demonstrated that the bulk of the peoples of Britain and Ireland (before the recent influx of immigrants) are overwhelmingly of Gaelic R1b -L21 ydna. My research now demonstrated to me that this is the ydna of the Davidic House of Nathan. Thus I now realised that Shakespeare was correct when he called Britain -"this royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle"- as they are truly the Isles of King David and his seed.

Previously I had believed that the British throne was the throne of King David but now I realised that the bulk of the people were also Davidic descendants. The Stuart Dynasty belonged to R1b- L21 and thus on the direct male line were descendants of King David as were most of the Irish and Scottish Kings before them. However Judaism teaches that one can have Davidic status through a female. Thus the famous Hillel and Gamliel were considered Davidic eventhough they were from the marriage of a man of the Tribe of Benjamin with a Davidic heiress. Our present Queen Elizabeth II is a Davidic Queen through the female line even though her family's male line is from the Tribe of Zebulon. Prince Phillip her husband however is most likely of R1b-L21 as is the last Czar of Russia and are thus of direct male line Davidic ancestry like the bulk of the so-called Anglo-Saxon-Celtic people.

My dna study has confirmed that many of the Dutch and Germans belong to Zebulon (R1b U106). However I believe that Zebulon which came to Europe long before the Assyrian Exile by their ships with the Phoenicians is R1b U106. The Zebulonites who went via the Russian Steppes with other Israelite tribes are R1b L238/S182. However the Saxons who the British Israelites referred to as being sons of Isaac are in fact mainly sons of Issachar and their ancestors were known as the Sacae. Sacae, Saka or Sakkai (Scythians) is a diminutive of Issachar rather than Isaac. I had once believed that the Russians and the Slavs were of the tribe of Issachar.  Now I was shocked to realise that it is in fact Russia and the Slavic nations that are that Nation and Company of nations that belong to the Tribe of Ephraim (R1a Z283).  My former belief that many of the French were Reuben has been confirmed by dna evidence as the ydna of the Tribe of Reuben (or at least the main bulk of Reuben) is R1b U152. Both the Plantagenet dynasty and the Bourbon dynasty are also R1b U152 and the Habsburgs belong to Zebulon (R1b U106). 

That many of the Spanish and southern French are Simeon has also been confirmed as the Tribe of Simeon mainly belong to R1b DF27. My belief that in the north of Europe was to be found the Tribes of Naphtali and Dan was to be found mostly correct with N ydna (the ydna of Naphtali and Dan) found there in abundance especially in finland and the Baltic States. N ydna is the the ydna of the later Rurikovichi rulers of Russia descended from Ruling Prince Igor. I was also surprised to realise that many Asians also belong to the Lost Tribes of Gad and Asher (O ydna). 

While the British Israelites may have been wrong on their Identity of Ephraim and some of the other Tribes I have gained immense riches from my reading of their literature in regards to the migrations of peoples. Though I now realise that the envy between Ephraim and Judah is not between the British and the Jews (in fact the British are mostly descended via David from Judah) but is the envy between the Jews and British on one hand and the Russians and Slavs on the other. The Slavs descend from the Persians and Parthians of the Tribe of Ephraim. The various genetic studies have also demonstrated that the Kelts of Europe are mainly from R1b U152 (along with some other groups especially Syrian G haplogroup) and the so-called Celts of Britain and Ireland are not descended from them but came to the British Isles by way of Spain. 

The Reubenite Kelts of Europe (U152), the Davidic Gaels and Cymri of the British Isles (L21) and the Simeonite Iberians and South Western French (Senones)  all descend from R1b S116 (P312) haplogroup as well as the Issacharite Anglo-Saxons (R1b DF19 ydna) about 600 BC (by my revised chronology but 721 BC in the Accepted Chronology of Academia). This common genetic source is not found in Europe but far to the east in the Levant.  While the bulk of the Lost Israelites descended from R1b are in Western Europe (though there are also large numbers found in Africa and Central Asia and the Middle East) they are not all of the lost Tribes. In reality most of Europe and much of Asia are today descended from the lost Tribes of Israel. 

Do I still think America represents Manasseh (R1a-Z93 and R1a L664)? Possibly, as many of the Ashkenazi Jews belong to Manasseh as do many of the 19th century German immigrants as well as certain groups from British ancestry. R1a-Z93 is Eastern Manasseh and R1a L664 is Western Manasseh (Dorians of ancient Greece). The little Tribe of Benjamin (Q ydna) is found among the American Indians and other places throughout the world including Europe. The Assyrian enemies of the lost Israelites belong to the Ishmaelite I ydna (Royal Assyrians) and J2 ydna (also found among the Samaritans). J1 are the Ishmaelite Arabs and some of the Samaritans. Jewish Kohenim (priests) of J1 and J2 origin are in fact originally Samaritan priests who converted to Judaism in Second Temple times. The priests directly descended from Aaron on the male line belong to R1b. The Edomites are not found among the Ashkenazi Jews in any significant numbers as they are of LT ydna. Many of the ancient Romans belonged to T haplogroup which Jewish tradition has always associated with Edom.

Am I still a British Israelite? Yes and No. While I believe in the Israelite identity of the British I do not believe they are the birthright nation and company (commonwealth) of nations. I believe the birthright nation and commonwealth of nations to be Russia and the Slavic majority countries such as Poland. Does Britain had a role to play in prophecy? Yes they do as they represent the House of David and from this House will arise the Great Catholic Monarch called Henry the Lion to deliver Europe and the world. 

Wednesday, December 30, 2015

R1b L21 and the ancient Rathlin Island ydna

A new study that many are talking about has tested ancient Irish dna. It is titled "Neolithic and Bronze Age migration to Ireland and establishment of the insular Atlantic genome".  Using four ancient dna samples the authors propose that one settlement in Ireland occurred in the Neolithic ( Later Stone Age) era for which they used one sample and then in the Bronze Age they had three samples which all turned out to be of R1b L21. R1b L21 is associated with the so-called Bell Beaker folk as well as the Gaelic population of the British Isles. 

The abstract of the Study states:  

The Neolithic and Bronze Age transitions were profound cultural shifts catalyzed in parts of Europe by migrations, first of early farmers from the Near East and then Bronze Age herders from the Pontic Steppe. However, a decades-long, unresolved controversy is whether population change or cultural adoption occurred at the Atlantic edge, within the British Isles. We address this issue by using the first whole genome data from prehistoric Irish individuals. A Neolithic woman (3343–3020 cal BC) from a megalithic burial (10.3× coverage) possessed a genome of predominantly Near Eastern origin. She had some hunter–gatherer ancestry but belonged to a population of large effective size, suggesting a substantial influx of early farmers to the island. Three Bronze Age individuals from Rathlin Island (2026–1534 cal BC), including one high coverage (10.5×) genome, showed substantial Steppe genetic heritage indicating that the European population upheavals of the third millennium manifested all of the way from southern Siberia to the western ocean. This turnover invites the possibility of accompanying introduction of Indo-European, perhaps early Celtic, language. Irish Bronze Age haplotypic similarity is strongest within modern Irish, Scottish, and Welsh populations, and several important genetic variants that today show maximal or very high frequencies in Ireland appear at this horizon. These include those coding for lactase persistence, blue eye color, Y chromosome R1b haplotypes, and the hemochromatosis C282Y allele; to our knowledge, the first detection of a known Mendelian disease variant in prehistory. These findings together suggest the establishment of central attributes of the Irish genome 4,000 y ago.

Of course according to a historical and biblical dating methodology the dates for these bodies is nowhere near as ancient. The British and European so-called Stone Age occurred after the end of the European Ice Age. Velikovsky dates the end of this Ice Age to around 1500 BC rather than the dates around 15,000 BC. Stone Age is a level of technology rather than a dating method. Thus the Neolithic woman probably lived around the 600-300 BC and the Bronze Age or Bell Beaker folk invaded Ireland after 300 BC from Spain. Thus the Rathlin Island samples probably lived in the 2nd century BC.

These people are descendants of the Milesians of Irish history and legend also called the Gaels and Heberi. They came to Ireland and Britain via Spain and the Mediterranean as it would seem also the ancestors of the Neolithic woman at an earlier date. Many are puzzled at the 70 percent non-steppe at-dna of the Bronze Age samples which would demonstrate that steppe R1b and the Central European Celts are not ancestral to R1b L21but have their common source outside Europe. That common source (R1b P312+) originates in the Middle East and in particular the region of Israel sometime before 500 BC. 

A third of the at-dna that has origins in the Pontic steppe area of the Black Sea. The early Irish accounts of the history of the Milesians also mention them living in this area of Scythia before they moved via North Africa to Spain.These Gael/Milesians also brought with them the lactose or milk drinking gene. According to the study the Neolithic woman had black hair and brown eyes, whereas the Bronze Age men had blue eyes and brown or fair hair. 

The Milesians founded Miletus in Asia Minor around 600 BC or earlier coming from the land of Kedar (Kadmos or Ked-mu) in the Indian Ocean. Miletus was named after the Miletians (the Militia of Kedar) who fought with Troy in 690 BC who later settled in Asia Minor under Nilius (Nimlot/ Eliezer). They established Milesian (Mu/ Ma) colonies in the Black Sea region and in Egypt and North Africa (Libya) before moving into the north west of Spain after 295 BC as the Heberu (Habiru) in northern Castile and Leon and Beredi (Brigedi or Briganti) in Galicia. The bulk of the Milesian warriors entered Egypt and Libya after Miletus was conquered by the Babylonians around 500 BC in the reign of Seti I. The last of the Milesians living in Miletus under the Babylonians were exterminated by the Babylonians around 450 BC. Anaximander of Miletus was born around 561 BC and died in 497 BC. Thales of Miletus lived around 547-497 BC and Herodotus the great historian around 454-395 BC and Socrates around 440-369 BC.

The Heberu (Hibernians) moved and conquered and settled Ireland and the Bregedi (Brigantes) settled in Britain around 250 BC. The name of Brigedi possibly originating in the term Beni haGadoli [sons of Gadol (Redemption)]. Breoghan (known as Brennius) [335-279 BC] and his son Bile [b. 315 BC] led the great exodus out of Africa to northern Spain in 295 BC and they became allies with the European Celts (La Tene of R1b U152 ydna) in Pannonia led by Acichorius. In 280 BC Breoghan or Brennius led the combined Gaelic and Celtic forces against the Greeks in the Balkans. Later stories confused him with a earlier Senones leader called Brennius who attacked Rome in 390 BC. The Senones are associated by some researchers with the Tribe of Simeon and were most likely of R1b DF27 ydna.

One study by David Faux titled " A Genetic Signal of Central European Celtic Ancestry: Preliminary Research Concerning Y-Chromsome Marker U152"  believes that the core y-dna of the Celts of Europe (but not exclusive of other ydna) is R1b U152. Thus the Celtic and Gaelic peoples are related but distinct peoples who entered Europe in their core populations in separate migrations.

Some reservations need to be keep in mind with the first study mentioned as it is based on a small sample of ancient dna from just four people from two locations. More samples need to be tested in more locations. However this study (once its dating methodology is adjusted) would seem to strengthen rather than weaken my theories on the movements of dna and its origins. It is amazing how the genetics confirm the traditional legendary Irish accounts of the Milesians if one adjusts the dating methodologies.

Note: Velikovsky's date of 1500 BC for the end of the Ice Age correlates with the end of the so-called Middle Kingdom of Egypt and the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. Thus all the European cultures post Ice Age must have existed post 1500 BC rather than 15,000 year ago. In fact in the days of Velikovsky scientists dated the end of the Ice Age to 15,000,000 years before the present. The date of the Exodus was around 1350 BC and thus the true end of the Ice Age in Europe and thus the cultures mentioned by archaeologists must be dated within this lower time scale. The Battle of Troy occurred around 690 BC and the destruction of the Jewish Temple of Solomon around 460 BC.The Milesians left Egypt at the end of the reign of Rameses X around 295 BC when Ptolemy I became the first Macedonian Pharoah of Egypt.

Monday, December 21, 2015

Where were my 128 5x great-grandparents born?

 My 2x great-grandmother Sarah Ann Wyeth (Mrs Nunn) (1833-1904) in Melbourne. She arrived in Melbourne from Cambridgeshire in 1853 with her husband. They were farmers in Cambridgeshire and were involved in the Brick Industry in Australia.

Today I decided to work out the country of birth of my 128 five times (5x) great grandparents. Each of us has 128 five times great -grandparents unless there have been some cousin marriages in that time. However for the purposes of this I counted all 128. My parents did share one pair of 5x great grandparents but they were counted as 4 rather than 2. Of that couple one was born in England but both his parents in Italy and his wife was born in either the Carribean or Mexico of Mexican born parents.

Each of us has four grandparents. All four of my grandparents were born in Australia. My two grandfathers were born in Western Australia and my two grandmothers in the Eastern States of Australia. One grandmother was born in Melbourne and the other in Albury. 

My eight great-grandparents all lived, married and died in Australia but only three of them were born in Australia. Two of my great-grandparents were born in Ireland and two were born in England. These four came to Australia as children. All sixteen of my 2x great grandparents lived and died in Australia but all of them except one was born in either England or Ireland. Six of them were born in Ireland and nine in England. Only one of them Eliza Whittington was born in Australia in 1834 in Western Australia. Only three couples of my 2x great grandparents were married in Australia. The other five couples were married overseas before coming to Australia.

Each of my parents had sixty-four 4x great-grandparents. Of my father's sixty-four 4x great-grandparents 28 of them were born in England, 30 in Eastern Europe, 4 in Holland, 1 in America and 1 in Mexico. Of my mother's sixty-four 4x great-grandparents 37 were born in England, 9 in Ireland, 4 in Australia, 3 in Italy, 3 in Mexico, 3 in Eastern Europe, 3 in Holland,  2 in Syria and 1 in Germany, 1 in Scotland and 1 in America.

 My Ireland-born 2x maternal great-grandmother Anne Ennis (Mrs Kissane) 1849-1931 in Victoria Australia. She arrived in Australia in 1869 from Liverpool (aged 19). She was a teacher and midwife.

Thus of my 128 5x great-grandparents 62 of them were born in England and thus 48.4 percent of my 5x great-grandparents were English born.  However many of these English-born were of Sephardi Jewish ancestry. Then the next biggest group are the 33 who were born in Eastern Europe which means 25.7 percent of my 5x great-grandparents were born in Eastern Europe (Poland/Russia). The biggest surprise in some ways is that only 9 were born in Ireland and all of them on my mother's side. Even though 2 of my father's grandparents were born in Ireland by the time of his 4x great-grandparents none of them were born in Ireland. However his one America-born 5x grandfather is of Scottish and Irish ancestry. 

In fact both my parents descend from James V King of Scots- he is my mother's 12x and 14x great-grandfather (through Mary Queen of Scots her 11x great-grandmother and Elizabeth Stewart her 13x great-grandmother ) and my father's 14x and 13x great-grandfather (through James Stewart the 1st Earl of Moray his 13x great-grandfather and his sister Elizabeth Stewart his 12x great-grandmother as well as Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Orkney his 13x great-grandfather). 

Both my father's parents also descend from James V. Both my grandmothers are descended from Lucy Alexander a granddaughter of Earl Stirling who with her husband Edward Harrington embraced Judaism in Holland and took the names Moses and Eva Hammelburg. My paternal grandmother was descended from their daughter Sarah Hammelburg of Holland (her 8x great grandmother) and my maternal grandmother from their daughter Rebecca Hammelburg of Holland (her 6x great-grandmother).

My next biggest group is 7 of my 128 5x great-grandparents were born in Holland and thus is 5.4 percent of my 5x great-grandparents. The next group is the 4 Mexican-born, followed by 4 Australian-born, then 3 Italian-born, then 2 American-born, 2 Syrian-born, 1 Scottish-born, and 1 German-born. Thus my 128 5x great-grandparents were born in eleven different countries (counting Poland/Russia as one country). These ancestors of mine lived about 250 years ago and most of them born in the second half of the 18th century.

Following my direct paternal ydna line (which is M222+) is rather interesting. Three generations were born in Australia (five generations however lived in Australia), then two in Ireland, then one in Russia, then two in America (but they later lived in Ireland and Russia), then one in Ireland, then two in Scotland, then one in Canada, then 27 generation were born in Scotland, and before that from Ireland for many more generations.

My father's direct maternal line (including me and my father) [J1b1a mt-dna] were born in Australia for four generations, then England for five generations, then Holland for five more, then Scotland for fourteen generations, then Flanders for eight generations. Before this they came from the east with the Khazars into Europe.

Going on my mother's direct paternal line (R1b SYR2627) then we were four generations (including me and my mother) born in Australia, then ten generations born in England and before that in Spain. My mother told me that her father had heard from his grandfather that they had originally come from Spain before England and research has proven him right. His ydna haplogroup also originates in Spain where it is most common.

My mother's direct maternal line (including me) [I1a1 mt-dna]were born in Australia for four generations, then two in Ireland, then one in England, then nine generations in Mexico, then nine in Spain, then two in India, then six generations in Arabia and the Middle East, then one in Armenia, then two in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, then one generation in France and then many more in the Hunza Valley in Pakistan.

Tuesday, December 15, 2015

K ydna from Ancient Australia (South East Asia and Oceania)

Last year was published a study that seems to add confirmation to my theories that the ydna Hebrew ancestors of the Israelites (NOP ydna) came from ancient Australia.

Refined structure in haplogroup K-M526 (Karafet et al. 2014)

European Journal of Human Genetics , (4 June 2014) | doi:10.1038/ejhg.2014.106
Improved phylogenetic resolution and rapid diversification of Y-chromosome haplogroup K-M526 in Southeast Asia
Tatiana M Karafet, Fernando L Mendez, Herawati Sudoyo, J Stephen Lansing and Michael F Hammer
The highly structured distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroups suggests that current patterns of variation may be informative of past population processes. However, limited phylogenetic resolution, particularly of subclades within haplogroup K, has obscured the relationships of lineages that are common across Eurasia. Here we genotype 13 new highly informative single-nucleotide polymorphisms in a worldwide sample of 4413 males that carry the derived allele at M526, and reconstruct an NRY haplogroup tree with significantly higher resolution for the major clade within haplogroup K, K-M526. Although K-M526 was previously characterized by a single polytomy of eight major branches, the phylogenetic structure of haplogroup K-M526 is now resolved into four major subclades (K2a–d). The largest of these subclades, K2b, is divided into two clusters: K2b1 and K2b2. K2b1 combines the previously known haplogroups M, S, K-P60 and K-P79, whereas K2b2 comprises haplogroups P and its subhaplogroups Q and R. Interestingly, the monophyletic group formed by haplogroups R and Q, which make up the majority of paternal lineages in Europe, Central Asia and the Americas, represents the only subclade with K2b that is not geographically restricted to Southeast Asia and Oceania. Estimates of the interval times for the branching events between M9 and P295 point to an initial rapid diversification process of K-M526 that likely occurred in Southeast Asia, with subsequent westward expansions of the ancestors of haplogroups R and Q.

My study of dna leads me to conclude that mt-dna has an influence on the mutations that occur in y-dna. It also seems that environmental factors not only affect a mutation change in one individual but the same mutation can occur in all those of that group. Thus IJ are the descendants of Abraham's son Ishmael by his Egyptian wife Hagar born before the cataclysmic events of Sodom. K are the descendants of Abraham's son Isaac by his Hebrew wife Sarah and his sons by his Black wife Keturah born after the cataclysmic events. 

K1 (or LT) are the descendants of Isaac's son Esau and K2 are the descendants of  Isaac son Jacob (Israel). K2a (or NO) represents the descendants of Jacob by his sons by his concubines Bilhah and Zilpah. K2b1, K2c, K2d and K2e are the descendants of Abraham by Keturah. M,K-P60 and K-P79 and S are descendants of K2b1. P are the descendants of Jacob by his sons by his Hebrew wives Rachel and Leah. R is found among all those sons of Leah and Rachel that went into Egypt the first time to get grain as well as Joseph who was already in Egypt. 

Q is those of Benjamin who didn't go to Egypt the first time and Benjamin was the only child of Jacob born in Canaan. R1 represents also those of R that moved into Egypt. R2 may have been a grandson of Jacob who one of his sons (possibly Dan) had with a black woman who went with Keturah's sons into the east rather than Egypt. This child did not inherit the gene for white skin. R1a and R1b are the descendants of R1 ydna who left with Moses in the Exodus.

Another Study in 2011 also seems to confirm that my theories that most of mankind weathered the Ice Age in South East Asia (Sundaland) and Northern Australia. Using an evolutionary timescale they talk about 19,000 years ago rather than just over 4000 years ago. The full extent of the Ice Age lasted for about 75-100 years before it stated to recede allowing mankind to move back into the Middle East. In Europe it lasted until about 1500 BC according to Velikovsky. That part of mankind that weathered the Ice Age in Sundaland and northern ancient Australia belong to CT ydna, whereas A and B branch of mankind spent it in isolation in Africa. More evidence is confirming an 'Out of Australia' rather than an 'Out of Africa' scenario for most of mankind. Until recently I thought that CF ydna was the Sons of Heber with C ydna being the descendants of Joktan. CF haplogroup are the sons of Shem. I now believe C ydna is the dna of the Sons of Arpachshad.


Saturday, December 12, 2015

Timeline for R1b M222+ ydna Haplogroups: A260, S588, DF85, DF97.

 R1b M222+ ydna map

R1b M222+ ydna is a branch of R1b L21 ydna. This branching off from its parent is dated by researchers anywhere from 2,600 BC - 500 AD. Many of these researchers are using a timeline methodology based on evolutionary assumptions for mutation rates. I use a Biblical and historical timeline based on the germ-line rate of mutations as well as taking into account other factors such as environmental and cataclysmic factors for the dating of ydna. 

In fact alot of the mutations in dna did not occur until the time of Abraham and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah when Jewish tradition tells us that the aging process we know began. Thus our images of Noah as a grey haired old man are incorrect as he and his wife looked no older than their sons and daughter-in-laws. That is why Sarah over 75 years of age was still perceived as beautiful by Pharaoh and Abimelech. However certain mutations occurred as a result of the Flood and the destruction of Babel and this is demonstrated in the lessening of the age of life each generation after the Flood and also that Sarah while she may have still looked exteriorly young by 90 she was not considered fertile for conceiving children. However after the time of Sodom, Abraham and all men started to show more rapid aging. Isaac's generation were the first to have degenerative diseases like blindness. (see Rabbi Dovid Brown "Mysteries of Creation")

Some researchers date the arrival of E3b and J2 to Britain to more than 4,000 years ago whereas in reality they most likely arrived in Britain with the Romans about 2000 years ago.  Thus we see that the dating of both R1b M222+ and E3b and J2 are off by at least 2000 years. J2 and E3b are found among Samaritan and Jewish populations (of Assyro-Samaritan origin). J2 ydna branched off  from J ydna (Ishmaelite) less than 3,800 years ago at around the same time as R1b branched off from R and NOP ydna (Israelite).

 The male ydna Adam existed no more than about 4,400 years ago (2400 BC) with Noah. I date the IJK to around 4000 years ago ( 2000 BC) with Abraham. NOP ydna I date to about 3,800 years ago (1800 BC) with Jacob from which R ydna originated.

I date R1b M222+ to around 2000 years ago to St Joseph of Arimathea or his son who bought it to southern Britain. From southern Britain his descendants spread it to Scotland and Ireland and other places. R1b M222+S7073+ is dated to King Duncan I of Scotland around a 1000 years ago. All of those people of the haplogroups listed below are descendants of King Duncan I of Scots. This method is also consistent with genealogical records and ancestry of those men tested for these haplogroups. 

Below is listed some of the groups downstream of M222+ with a hundred year window of when their distinguishing  SNP or mutation took place.

R1b M222+ S658+ [1050 -1150 AD].

R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ [1150-1350 AD].

R1b M222+ S568+ [after 1050 AD].

R1b M222+ FGC4077 [after 1050 AD].

R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ DF105+ [1300-1400 AD].

R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ DF105+ S588+ [1350-1450 AD].

R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ DF105+ DF85+ [1350-1450 AD].

R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ DF105+ DF85+ S673+ [1350-1450 AD]. 

R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ DF105+ DF85+ S673+ DF97 [1450-1550 AD].

R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ DF105+ A259+ [1350-1450 AD]. Most likely one of the Alexander Barons of Menstrie

R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ DF105+ A259+ A260+ [1400-1500 AD]. Most likely William Alexander Earl of Stirling or his father.

R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ DF105+ A259+ A260+ A883+ [1700-1800 AD] Most likely a son or grandson of Count (John) Alexander O'Reilly [born 1722 Baltrasna Meath]. This son or grandson was the biological grandfather of Patrick Byrne of Monaghan from whom A887+ descend.

Thus many of these haplogroups are within the timeline of genealogical records.  Thus everyone with DF104+ are descendants of King David I of Scots. DF85+ are most likely the descendants of a son or grandson of  Donald II the 9th Lord of the Isles (son of John Alexander Lord of the Isles and Princess Margaret Stewart). It is also possible that they descend from a brother of Donald II rather than Donald II himself. S588+ are most likely also descendants of another son or grandson of Donald II 9th Lord of the Isles. It is also possible that R1b M222+ S658+ DF104+ DF105+ A223+ is found among the descendants of John (Iain) Mor Tanister MacDonald (MacDonnell) whose descendants went to Antrim, Ulster. One of his descendants in Ireland, Ranald MacDonnell the 1st Earl of Antrim (d.1636), had an illegitimate son called James MacMasters. Taniste and Master in Scotland refer to the heir of a chief or king. 

We are still in the early days of research into human dna. I believe my template of M222+ to be a reasonably accurate one that fits the presently known evidence however one must always be open to further research and input both in the areas of genetics and genealogy. Much more work needs to be done with the dna testing of the human remains of those who are buried in tombs such as the kings and nobility to confirm their actual dna rather than relying purely on people living today who are their presumed descendants. Familytree dna speaks about M222+ coming to Scotland about a 1000 years ago which I also believe to be partly true. They state:

 "Haplogroup R-M222 began in northwestern Europe and is a descendant of the major R-M269 lineage. It is present in over 12 percent of the population in Ireland. This may be due to its connection to the Uí Néill and Connachta dynasties. The R-M222 likely originated in Ireland and spread to the Scotland about 1,000 years ago."

Alot of the M222+ found in Ireland today also comes via individuals and families who moved into Ireland in the last 1000 years from Scotland. M222+ that is not via Scotland will most likely be S7073- [M222+ (xS7073)].  However even some of this may be Scottish as well as Irish. More dna testing needs to be done in Ireland as many of those who are participating in deeper testing are  descended from immigrants to America and Australasia where there is a great interest in genealogy. 

It would seem that many of the male lines of the Ui Neill descended directly from Niall and his brothers died out probably due to being killed in battles with the Vikings and others. The later Ui Neill kings were not from M222+. It would seem the branch that in the 10th century went to Scotland (from which King Duncan I came) became very fertile for male offspring. 

Some researchers who are using a different dating methodology are linking this branching out of M222+ with the brothers and sons of Niall of the Nine Hostages around 1500 years ago. However the overall evidence seems to be always leading back to Scotland rather than Ireland for this branching out of the M222+ tree. However, in my opinion at this stage, even those researching who are perceiving the Scottish factor are confused due to their dating of this branching out too early in Scottish history. 

If I am wrong and this branching out started around 1800-2000 years ago then it could possibly fit the pattern of the spread of the kin of Joseph of Arimathea (Jewish Christian Exilarchs) who from their base in Glastonbury spread out to Ireland and Scotland. However the evidence of the names combined with genealogy and genetics seems to fit more with my idea that this branching out of M222+ occurred in the House of Dunkeld-Atholl around a 1000 years ago. There would also seem to be some kind of environmental events happening in the 10th century that affected the dna of those belonging to M222+ haplogroup. This is also a time when the weather in Europe changed and allowed settlement in Iceland and Greenland.

Note: Most evolutionary dating methodologies are based on an evolutionary idea that humans and chimpanzees separated about 5 million years ago and thus are based on the assumption that these evolutionary interpretations are correct (the socalled Molecular clocks). However even following a germ-line approach has problems if one assumes that the mutation rate is always constant and not affected by environmental factors. In regards to ydna the rate of mutation is estimated to be one in every 3 -5 generations. This may be true for R1b now but the mutation rate may have changed a number of times in the past due to cataclysmic events or radical weather changes. This is why the genetics needs also the genealogical evidence to make a more reliable evaluation of the time scale of haplogroups.  

King David I of Scots

see R1b M222+ Tree and Scotland

Thursday, December 3, 2015

Y-dna Movements of the R1b Tribes of Israel

On the internet we see many charts tracing the migration of dna haplogroups from their believed places of origin to where they are found today. This information is sometimes supplemented with ancient dna which can be helpful when interpreted in the correct time scale. Of course most of these charts are done by people who accept the evolutionary dating of cultures, archaeological sites and genetics. Much of this is the guesswork of the authors of these charts. 

Some see the origin of a haplogroup as the place where it has its greatest variety, others where it is today the most populous. The place where it has its greatest variety is a good place to start. However one must be aware that there may be other factors why this place has the greatest variety. The place of origin today may have no one of that haplogroup present due to a number of factors. Environment also can cause a mutation in a group of people of the same dna which has not been taken into account by many even though there are scientific studies that demonstrate that environment is also an important factor.

Recently I have been reflecting on the movement of R1b into Europe. One will often see charts marking some kind of movement of R1b from Iran ( R1b M343+) to Central Europe via the Russian Steppes. Other believe R1b's original home was in Eastern Turkey. In fact R1b M343 began in Israel (sons of Reuben, Judah, Simeon, Levi, Zebulon and Issachar) and then moved south to Egypt (R1b P25+). A branch of Reuben (R1b M335+)  left Egypt and settled in Anatolia (Turkey). The black sons of Moses (R1b V88+) by his Cushite wife went south into Africa, while his white sons of R1b V88+ by his Midianite wife went with the other Israelites into Canaan (Israel). Those Israelites who are R1b M343+ P25- represent those R1b Israelites who left Egypt before the enslavement of the Israelites by the Egyptians. 

R1b M73+ represent the sons of Zerah Judah who went south to the Australian Egypto-Israelite colonies and north to Anatolia as the Rulers. Thus the mutation of M73 took place in Egypt. The bulk of the R1b Israelites who left Egypt in the Exodus for Israel were R1b M269+ (which may have occurred in wilderness at Sinai). The Levites and Cohenim who went into the Northern Tribes of Israel (Joseph) were R1b M269+ L23- while the bulk of  the R1b Tribes were R1b L23+. R1b L51+ represents the sons of Leah R1b Tribes of the time of the separate ten tribed Kingdom of Israel (Samaria). R1b Z2103+ represents those of R1b of the southern Kingdom of Judah (mostly Judah, Davidic House of Solomon, Levi and Cohenim).

One branch of the Tribe of Zebulon became R1b U106+ who as tall blonde haired sailors and warriors established colonies in Tharshish and Zarephath in Western Europe that eventually spread to the Americas. They may have been assisted in this by Ephraimite Phoenicians of R1a SYR1532.2- [also called R1a (xSYR1532.2) or M420*]. These are the so-called blonde haired blue eyed ancient Greeks of the Iliad and Odysseus. The Zebulonite R1b make up less then 5 % of the population of modern Greece. The bulk of the R1b Northern Israelites remained in Israel as R1b P312/S116+. It would seem that a branch of the Davidic House of Nathan (R1b L21) was part of the Northern Israelite kingdom who went into the southern colonies in Australia to Kedar (which was ruled by a Nathanite Prince) in the 7th century BC. A large group of them later returned to the West and settled in Libya and Anatolia before moving to Spain and then the British Isles.

At the time of the Assyrian advance on Israel around 600 BC (721 BC of the accepted modern chronology of academia) the bulk of the Tribe of Simeon moved across the Mediterranean to the Israelite colonies in Spain (R1b DF 27). The Assyrians moved some of the tribes to the North (who later moved into Europe across the Russian steps) and to the mountains of the South (who later moved south into South East Asia and Australia). The Zebulonites of  R1b  L238/S182 went north and moved eventually into Scandinavia along with the Northern Reubenites of R1b U152 and the Tribe of Issachar of  R1b DF19/S232 and the R1a Israelites of the Tribe of  Ephraim. The remnant of the R1b U152 in the Rhodan kingdom of Australia moved to Russia via Oman and Afghanistan after 1530 along with the remnant of Manasseh of R1a Z93 (found among the Pashtuns). The Manassehite Pashtuns joined the Benjaminite Afghans of Q ydna after 1530. 

The Reubenite Bashkirs (35% of all Bashkiri) joined the Mongolian Bashkirs (C ydna and O ydna are about 3 % of all Bashkiri) after 1530, along with some Naphtalites (N ydna is 17% of all Bashkiri), Zerah-Judaites (R1b M73 is 2 % of all Bashkiri) and some Jewish (R1b Ht 35 is 13 % of all Bashkiri) and some Ephraimite Bashkirs (R1a Z280 is 26% of all Bashkiri). The original Bashkirs were those of the warrior ruling class of  N ydna of the Hephthalites or Naphtalites (originally from their Naphtalite kingdom in Siberia) with the Parthian R1a peoples who were part of their Hephthalite Empire (400-700 AD) in the Hindu Kush area of Afghanistan. Another branch of the Hephthalites or White Huns went to Hungary in the 9th century. Much of the warrior class of N ydna went north to the Baltic region with many of the R1a lower classes (Ephraimite Parthians and Slavs) bringing their language to Estonia and Finland.

Further deep clade testing of both ancient and modern dna is necessary. For example R1b found among natives in the Americas or Australasia is often presumed to have come into their groups though recent European migration when in fact some of it may be in the population from earlier times. Thus Aboriginals in Australia who test for R1b U152 are automatically presumed to have had some kind of French input by French sailors rather than coming from the older R1b U152 of the Rhodan or Reubenite white people of pre-1530 Chabor in Central Australia. The bulk of these white people left Australia in 1530 and are now found mainly among the Baskirs of Russia (especially high among the Bashkirs of the north of Bashkorstan) and among people now living on the border region Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Even with ancient dna we have the problem of the faulty dating methodologies who give inaccurate dates for such remains. Thus we have R1a remains in Western China being dated to 2000 BC rather than to post 600 BC.


The Hebrew Y-dna: A New Understanding

Sunday, November 22, 2015

Pangaea and the ydna Haplogroups

The above map is an inaccurate map that roughly demonstrates the movements of mankind from Noah's home on Mt Lubar after the flood before the continents were formed after the destruction at the time of the Tower of Babel. The Shemites dwelt in the huge city of Sadek or Tzadek City in Gondwanian Tasmania (near Lebab or Babel). Sadek and Lebab were huge twin cities. The Hamites dwelt in Nahal (Black ) City in Gondwanian Africa and South America on the ancient Gihon River. The Japhethites dwelt in Adan (Red) City on the ancient Pishon River in Gondawanian Australia and Antarctica. Nahal would represent the southern tip of the landmass.

Y-dna haplogroups A, B and E represent the movements of the Hamites out of Nahal. Y-dna haplogroup D represents the movement of the Japhethites out of Adan. Y-dna haplogroups C and F represent the Shemite movement out of  Gondwanian/Pangaean Tasmania (Tzadeklebab). The Shemites of C and F haplogroup settled in Northern Australia in the land and city of Uruk Shadim. After the destruction of the Tower of Babel Uruk Shadim was ancient Western Australia. Eridu land and city in Central Australia were settled by the Hamites of Haplogroup E. The Neanderthals (Adanites) were Japhethites (Haplogroup D) descended maternally (mt-dna) from Adan the red bronze wife of Japheth. The Denisovans (Nahalites) were the Hamites (A and B y-dna) and Shemites (C y-dna) descended maternally (mt-dna) from Nahal the black wife of Ham.  

Some researchers believe that the Japanese Imperial House most probably belongs in Haplogroup D of the sons of Japheth who make up between 35-40 percent of the Japanese people, whereas I propose the Imperial line is more likely to be O2 ydna of the lost Israelite Tribe of Asher who make up between 25-30 percent of the Japanese people. About 20 % of the Japanese people also belong to the lost Israelite Tribe of Gad. Around 10% are male line descendants of Arpachshad and a small percentage are from the lost Israelite Tribe of Naphtali or Dan.

In the period after the flood the sons of Japheth (D) settled through Pangaean EurAsia and were the first peoples in the Pangaean Far East and Japan. After the destruction of Babel and the splitting of the continents the Far East and Japan were settled by the sons of Arpachshad who intermarried with the sons of Japheth. After 600 BC the lost Israelites of Asher, Gad and Naphtali moved into the Far East, China and Japan. The Shang Dynasty represents the Arpachshad (Tang) impute into China who mixed with the Japhethites remembered by the Chinese as the Xia or Hsia Dynasty.

Japheth was white like his father and brothers but his wife was of the red bronze colour. Japheth's red bronze son Madai married a daughter of Shem according to the Book of Jubilees. This was Yiskah the Prophetess who was Shem's granddaughter by his son Elam who married his sister Shoshana (Susan). Yiskah's daughter Medea is most likely the M mt-dna ancestress and her sister Milcah (Melka/ Milkam) is the N mt-dna ancestress. Medea married her uncle Javan. Greek mythology remembers Javan as Jason. Their son Rodanim (the red one) would seem to have received the red bronze genes of his parents as did his sister Eriopis (or Europa) the mother of Minyas. Javan with his family left the city of Adan and moved to Pangaean Greece and Turkey. 

At the time of the Ice Age the Japhethites left the northern climes and moved into South East Asia (Sundaland). After the Ice Age they moved into China and the north. The bulk of humanity moved into Sundaland and Australia during the Ice Age while some were cut off from the rest of mankind in Africa (A and B ydna) and possibly South America (the original Australian Aboriginal home during the Ice Age). It would seem that the ancestors of these Australian Aboriginals were a group of the descendants of Arpachshad who moved from Sadek towards Nahal and married the black daughters of Nahal. They then moved into Gondwanian/Pangaean South America where they lived during the Ice Age that followed the destruction of the Tower of Babel. 

Some of these Black Arpachshadites, with the arrival of the Asiatic American Indians, went south into Antarctica to the Kergeulen Plateau. From there some of them went to India and the Andaman Islands and other islands of the Indian Ocean (now sunken under the sea). They mixed in India with the black Hend or Hindu of F* y-dna including F-P91 and F-M481 from Sundaland who had moved to India after 600 BC. The moon worshiping Haranites (or Sons of Lot) of H y-dna, the Edomite Amalekites of L ydna and the black sons of Keturah of R2 y-dna, founded the cities of the so-called Indus (actually Sindh) Valley Civilisation (1800-1300 BC) together. Around 1300 this civilisation was destroyed by nuclear war between the Moon (Mu) and Amu (Amalekites/ Amorites/ Martians of E-ydna). 

H1 and H3 y-dna is most likely of Moabite origin and H2 ydna of Ammonite origin. Some of F* y-dna (xHIJKLT) including F-P96 are the Khabaites (Chaborites) who descend from Peleg's brother Khaba and a son of Eber. They originated in Australia (Chabor) and Indonesia (Sundaland) before moving to India, Arabia and the Middle East. They were also known as the Hittites or Hatti in Turkey and as the Chaldeans in Mesopotamia. After the fall of the Chaldean Empire they moved on mass to India to the area of the modern Ganges River (then known as the Indus River) in the 5th century BC.

Other descendants of Arpachshad (C ydna) remained with the other Shemites near Sadek and moved with them to Uruk after the destruction of the Tower of Babel. This group eventually moved into China and married the red bronze skinned daughters of Adan. Some also went further West into America.

Adan the wife of Japheth had red bronze skin and red hair (like many of the Mongols) with green eyes. Noah, his wife and three sons and Shem's wife were blonde with pale white skins and blue eyes. Ham's wife Nahal was black skinned with black hair and eyes. 

see Pangaea and Gondwana