The Legendary Angelica ancestress of I1a1
Some historians incorrectly separate Richard into two different men who are cousins to each other. Confusion occurs as he is the nephew of William of the Principate and nephew and son-in-law to Drogo (Rinaldo). Richard and Altrude's daughter was called Marie de Hauteville and she married Joscelyn II de Courteney Prince of Galilee and Count of Edessa. Joscelyn and Marie's daughter Isabelle of Edessa and Harran (married Thoros II of Armenia) was the maternal grandmother of Herina of Harran. Herina's parents were Rita of Armenia and Hethum III of Lampron.
Another granddaughter of Isabelle of Edessa was Alix who married Constantine of Barbaron. Alix's daughter was Kalamaria who married Jean d'Ibelin Count of Jaffa and Ashkelon and the Bailiff of Jerusalem. Their daughter Marie d'Ibelin married her cousin Guy d'Ibelin (son of Philip d'Ibelin). Guy and Marie's daughter also Marie d'Ibelin married Hugh IV Lusignan King of Cyprus and titular King of Jerusalem.
Angelica's female descendants intermarried with the European and Muslim nobility. Her descendant Herina of Harran (I1a1b mt clan) married firstly the Byzantine Emperor Isaac II Angelos, secondly the Muslim Zengid Ruler of Harran and thirdly the Muslim Ruler Al -Kamil (b.1177 d.1238) the Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt. The daughter called Aldara from Al-Kamil had a daughter in turn with John of Brienne, the King of Jerusalem in 1222 who was a hostage in the court of Al Kamil at this time. The female descendants of this daughter eventually settled as Jews in Navarre in the 13th century (her Conversos or Marrano descendants went to Mexico). Around 1790-1800 some of these Sephardi Marrano descendants left Mexico for the Carribean, Britain and Ireland.
St Francis before Sultan Al-Kamil
Juana the Catholic Queen of Navarre was also descended from Herina of Harran by the Emperor Isaac II Angelos through her maternal grandmother Duchess Matilda of Brabant (wife of the French prince Robert I Count of Artois). The emperor Isaac II Angelos may have himself also been a descendant of Angelica and her brother Argalia (a G2 y-dna descendant of Alexander the Great).
Herina's daughter Euphrosyne Angelina (Anna) married Roman the Great the Grand Duke of Kiev. Another daughter Irene Angelina married firstly King Roger III of Sicily and she married secondly Philip of Swabia, King of the Germans. Her daughter Princess Maria of Swabia married Henry II Duke of Brabant. Their daughter Matilda of Brabant was the mother of Blanche d'Artois who was the mother of Juana Queen of Navarre. Juana married King Philip IV of France and their daughter Isabella was the Queen of King Edward II of England.
Edward III and his mother Isabella were of I1a1b mt-dna
Irene Angelina's daughter Princess Kunegunde of Swabia married King Wencelaus of Bohemia. Many of these noble and Royal female lines died out with no direct line female descendants. I mt-dna hapologroup makes up between 2-4 percent of maternal lineages in Europe and Asia today and I1a1 mt-dna a much smaller number within that and I1a1b even smaller. I1a (Srouri Clan) branched off from I haplogroup (Iris Clan) about 2,400 years ago in Persia and a branch went to the Hunza Valley just after the time of Alexander the Great. I1a1 (Angelica Clan) branched off from I1a around 1000 years ago and I1a1b (Herina or Irena Clan) about 800 years ago.
Angelica also had a female descendant (I1a1a) whose daughters went into eastern Russia and Siberia around the 12th century. This branch may have been founded by the famous Damsel of Cyprus (Beatrice) who was a daughter of Irena of Armenia (aunt of Herina of Harran) and Isaac Doukas Komnene the Regent of Cyprus. Another branch descended from Angelica was I1a1c whose daughters are found in Norway and North Eastern Europe today. I1a1d and I1a1e (within the last 500 years) are more recent mutations found in the British Isles.
The earlier I mt-dna found in Denmark in high numbers (13 percent) do not belong to I1a but I5. Earlier I1a (Srouri or Esther Clan) seems to be closely associated with R1b y dna males (sons of Leah) coming into Eurasia.
Herina of Harran was married to Isaac Angelos around 1180 when she was 14 years old. Isaac was a member of the extended Byzantine Imperial Family and a favourite of the Emperor Andronikas I Komnenos. Andronikos was a grandson of the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Isaac's grandmother was a daughter of Alexios I Komnenos. Isaac was ruthless in his pursuit of power and after seizing the throne in 1185 he divorced Herina and tried to have her murdered.
Herina fled south from Constantinople to her father at Lampron. In order to escape further from the reach of her divorced husband's assassins she married Zengi II the Muslim Zengid ruler of Jazira and Harran. When Harran in 1199 was captured by Al-Kamil she entered his harem. Like all the women descended from Angelica she was a great beauty and was about 33 years old when she became a wife to Al-Kamil. In 1200 Herina went with Al-Kamil to Egypt where Al-Kamil's father Al-Adil had become Sultan. Al-Kamil was made Viceroy of Egypt by his father. Herina was the mother of As-Salih Ayyub (b.1205).
Herina like her matriarchal ancestresses maintained in secrecy among the women the Jewish traditions coming from Angelica de Hunza while observing Islam outwardly. They took their ancestress Queen Esther as a model as being hidden Jewesses for the good of their people. Herina took her granddaughter Albrianna (by the affair between John of Brienne and Aldara) to Mosul and placed in a Jewish family. Albrianna was to become the wife of the Jewish exilarch Samuel who lived in Mosul.
Albrianna's daughter Sroura married a wealthy Jewish merchant from Aleppo and they later settled in Constantinople. When Solamish the tall, blonde deposed Sultan of Egypt came to Constantinople in 1291 he fell in love with the beautiful Jewish princess. Solamish's mother was of Bedouin Jewish origin and he married Sroura's daughter Altara in the Jewish faith. However soon after the birth of their daughter in 1291 Solamish died (possibly murdered for leaving Islam). His apostasy was covered up by his family and his body embalmed and returned to Egypt for honourable Muslim burial.